Week_4_-_Dispositional_Personality_Theories_Mat - 90008

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Allport’s Psychology of the Individual Theory Gordon Allport believed that every person has a small number of specific traits that predominate in his or her personality (Allpsych.com, 2003). In Allport’s psychology theory, he defines an individual personality can be influenced by environment factors when one of the central traits become a dominant force. Allport also assumed that individuals had personal dispositions, which distinguish them from others, and motivational dispositions that initiate individual actions, as well as proprium that is the core on an individual. Allport distinguished between common traits, which permit inter-individual comparisons, and personal dispositions, which are peculiar to the individual. He recognized three overlapping levels of personal dispositions, the most general of which is a Cardinal dispositions these are so obvious and dominating that they cannot be hidden from other people. Not everyone has a cardinal disposition, but all people have 5 to 10 central dispositions, or characteristics around which their lives revolve. In addition, everyone has a great number of secondary dispositions, which are less reliable and less conspicuous than central traits...
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Allport’s Psychology of the Individual Theory

Gordon Allport believed that

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