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Juvenile and Adult Courts: a Comparative Analysis


Juvenile and adult courts have different language barriers that separate the two. Juvenile courts tend to use words such as detention hearing, petition, and adjudication to make things seem less harsh. Adult courts use words such as bail hearing, complaint or indictment, and the verdict. Adult courts deal with a stricter sentencing than juvenile courts do. Juvenile courts take the approach of a more controlled approach. Adults are taught to live a healthy and productive life, unlike minors. Juveniles have been reinstated so that they can be released back into society with a fresh start.

The languages for juvenile courts are different than that of adult courts. Here are the different languages that separate juvenile courts from adult courts:

Adult Courts

• Bail Hearing

• Trial

• Complaint or Indictment

• Defendant

• Verdict

• Guilty


Juvenile Courts

• Detention hearing

• Fact-Finding Hearing

• Petition

• Respondent

• Adjudication

• Delinquent or Involved

In juvenile courts they don't get a jury; instead the judge is the only person who determines if a minor has broken the law and what his or her punishment will be. The courtroom is closed to the media as well as to the general public. Juveniles are more prone to probation for longer times than adults. (#2)A juvenile's conditions of them being on probation tend to be obnoxious, including having a curfew, getting adequate grades, and behaving respectfully to parents.

 (The policy reason for this is that the courts have more interest in rehabilitating minors than adults; so they