Though the real estate market has been depressed (Graded A+) - use as a guide only - 33304

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arsalanahmed

arsalanahmed

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  • From: Finance,
  • Posted on: Sun 24 Nov, 2013
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Though the real estate market has been depressed in some countries due to the aftermath of the global financial crisis, the markets in some countries or cities have kept their robust growth in prices and expansions. A noteworthy case is commercial and residential properties in Copenhagen, Denmark.

To tap into the above market, you have already entered into a sizeable investment in a commercial property. The currency of Denmark is Danish Kroner, or Krone, and we use DKK for it below.

In brief, you have made arrangements for the purchase of a commercial property in Copenhagen for DKK 134.00 million. The functional currency of your company is the US dollar. By seeking a substantial amount of help and guidance from your real estate agent, lots of detailed arrangements, including signing of the contract, computing the closing costs, funding the purchase, etc., have already been taken care of. The only remaining item that is the subject of this inquiry is a lump sum payment of DKK 4,500,000.00 upon the occupancy (delivery) of the property, which is scheduled for three months from today.

Considering the variations in the currency market these days, you are very concerned that your expected payment of DKK 4,500,000.00 million may impose unnecessary foreign exchange risk for your company. You are considering several hedging alternatives to reduce the exchange rate risk arising from this purchase. The following information is made available to you today:

 

·    The spot exchange rate is DKK 5.66/$

·    The three month forward rate is DKK 5.92/$

·    Forecast of the management for the end of the third month is DKK 5.60/$

·    The company’s cost of capital is 12 percent per year.

·    The Danish 3-month borrowing or lending rate is 6 % per annum

·    The U.S. 3-month borrowing or lending rate is 3.4 % per annum

·    A call or put option for the strike price of DKK 5.85/$ carries a premium of   1.25 percent ?for this period. ?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Based on the above information, first read further instructions below, then answer the ensuing ?FIFTEEN questions (why so many? See above!).

1.  If your company chooses to hedge this exposure in the forward market, calculate the outcome ?of this hedge in the US dollar.

2.  If your company chooses to hedge this exposure in the forward market, the outcome of this hedge in the US dollar is certain (=1, enter 1 in the template or in the ‘transmittal form’), risky (=2, enter 2 in the template or in the ‘transmittal form’), certain and risky (=3, enter 3 in the template or in the ‘transmittal form’).

3.  If your company hedges this exposure in the money market, calculate the outcome of this hedge today assuming the company borrows and invests at the prevailing market rates that are cited above.

4.  If your company hedges this exposure in the money market, calculate the outcome of this hedge in three months assuming the company borrows and invests at its WACC rate.

5.  If your company hedges this exposure in the money market, the outcome is (chose the best answer) Known (=1), unknown (=2), risky (=3), known and certain (=4).

6.If the options market is employed as a hedge, and if the company eventually exercises the option at the very end of the period, calculate the amount from only exercising the option.

7.  If the options market is employed as a hedge, and if the company eventually exercises the option at the very end of the period, calculate the total outcome of this hedge. The company uses its WACC when it enters the options market.

8.  If the options market is employed as a hedge, and if the company does not exercise the option, calculate the cost of the option at the beginning of the period. The company uses its WACC when it enters the options market.

9.If the options market is employed as a hedge, and if the company does not exercise the option, calculate the cost of the option at the very end of the period. The company uses its WACC when it enters the options market.

10.  If the options market is employed as a hedge, and if on the very last day of the option maturity, the spot rate would be DKK 5.98, calculate the total outcome of the option hedge. The company uses its WACC when it enters the options market.

11.  If the options market is employed as a hedge, and if on the very last day of the option maturity, the spot rate would be DKK 5.50, calculate the total outcome of the option hedge. The company uses its WACC when it enters the options market.

12.  If the company chooses not to hedge at all, the outcome is known (=1), unknown (=2).

13.  If the company chooses not to hedge at all, the outcome is certain (=1), risky (= 2).

14.  If the company chooses not to hedge at all and its forecasts turn out to be correct, calculate the outcome of this scenario.

 

15.  The above hedging strategies are simple examples of the derivatives. I agree (=1). I disagree (=2) 

Solution Description

A+++++++++

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