There so much said and written about foreign aid that it has become difficult to justify its effectiveness. But if we look at the overall picture in the eye of citizens of a developing country, an honest assessment might conclude that progress has been made. Though, profound social disparities and extreme poverty are still lurking in some parts of this fragile planet.
Foreign aid is the transfer of capital, goods, or services from one country to another. And aid can be given in numerous forms - from humanitarian emergency assistance, to food aid, military assistance, and so on. If we are to argue the effectiveness of these programs, may be that will depend on how the differing forms of aid is being administered to its recipients and considering its economic, social, and political environment. And these activities will have an impact on a particular set of relations – in this case, peace and war dynamics.
In this paper, I would like to talk about the case of Afghanistan. The Afghan crisis has gone through numbers of transformative phases over periods of time. The conflict did not start in 1979 with the Soviet invasion, but is rooted in historical processes of state formation and ultimately a crisis in the identity formation and failure of governance of the state. Foreign aid and reconstruction must be based on both mentioned conditions, and this was not the case when aid came in to this troubling nation. These remained the core problem, although there were positive developments.
The first phase of foreign a