Strayer Phil210/Phil 210 week 7 quiz 2 (Answer 20/20) - 92996

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Question Question 1 Every member of the Delta Club is over 70 years old. Therefore, the Delta Club must be over 70 years old. Answer Ignorance Composition Authority Circular reasoning 5 points Question 2 The idea that black people in this country live in poverty is ridiculous. Look at Bill Cosby. He's a millionaire. And so are Denzel Washington and Oprah Winfrey. Answer Division Hasty generalization False Analogy Composition 5 points Question 3 No one has ever proved that the human fetus is not a person with rights. Therefore, abortion is morally wrong. Answer Ignorance Composition Authority Circular reasoning 5 points Question 4 If someone rents a piece of land and plants crops on it, the landlord is never permitted to come and take those crops for himself when harvest time arrives. Similarly, if couples enlist the services of a surrogate mother to provide them with a baby, the mother should never be allowed to welch on the deal and keep the baby for herself once it is born. Answer Division False analogy Equivocation No fallacy 5 points Question 5 The farmers of our state have asked that we introduce legislation to provide subsidies for soybeans. Unfortunately, we will have to turn down their request. If we give subsidies to the soybean farmers, then the corn and wheat growers will ask for the same thing. Then it will be the cotton growers, citrus growers, truck farmers, and cattle raisers. In the end, the cost will be astronomical. Answer Authority Circular reasoning Genetic Slippery slope 5 points Question 6 Terrorists from the Middle East have crossed our borders and traveled through the country at will. Obviously the Immigration Service has not been doing its job. Answer Circular reasoning Post hoc ergo propter hoc Authority Slippery slope 5 points Question 7 Motives and desires exert forces on people, causing them to choose one thing over another. But force is a physical quantity, governed by the laws of physics. Therefore, human choices are governed by the laws of physics. Answer Division False analogy Equivocation No fallacy 5 points Question 8 When a car breaks down so often that repairs become pointless, the car is thrown on the junk heap. Similarly, when a person becomes old and diseased, he or she should be mercifully put to death. Answer Division Hasty generalization False Analogy Composition 5 points Question 9 All persons act in order that they might get pleasure. Even so-called altruistic persons who help others so much that they do almost nothing for themselves get pleasure out of giving. Otherwise, they wouldn't do it. Suppose a person hits himself over the head with a hammer. He must get pleasure from it, because why else would he do it if he didn't get pleasure from it? Answer Circular reasoning Composition Either/Or Fallacy Post hoc ergo propter hoc 5 points Question 10 Televangelist Jerry Falwell said that God's anger with feminism led to the destruction of the World Trade Center. Given Falwell's closeness to God, we have no alternative than to blame the feminists for this atrocity. Answer Ignorance Composition Authority Circular reasoning 5 points Question 11 Of course animals have rights. Just look at how powerless they are in comparison with modern humans. Answer Ignorance Composition Authority Circular reasoning 5 points Question 12 White sheep eat more than black sheep (because there are more of them). Therefore, this white sheep eats more than that black sheep. Answer Division False analogy Equivocation No fallacy 5 points Question 13 We know that induction will provide dependable results in the future because it has always worked in the past. Whatever has consistently worked in the past will continue to work in the future, and we know that is true because it has been established by induction. Answer Circular reasoning Post hoc ergo propter hoc Authority Slippery slope 5 points Question 14 Raising a child is like growing a tree. Sometimes violent things, such as cutting off branches, have to be done to force the tree to grow straight. Similarly, corporal punishment must sometimes be inflicted on children to force them to develop properly. Answer False analogy Post hoc ergo propter hoc Circular reasoning Ignorance 5 points Question 15 Either we have prayer in our public schools or the moral fabric of society will disintegrate. The choice should be obvious. Answer Circular reasoning Composition Either/Or Fallacy Post hoc ergo propter hoc 5 points Question 16 Rhubarb pie is a dessert. Therefore, whoever eats rhubarb pie eats a dessert. Answer Bandwagon Either/Or fallacy Division No fallacy 5 points Question 17 If you find yourself paralyzed in bed for a few moments and see little creatures by your bed, you might conclude that you had experienced some kind of UFO alien abduction. Answer Hasty generalization Post hoc ergo propter hoc Extravagant hypothesis Ignorance 5 points Question 18 A woman's place is in the home. That's the way it's always been, so that's the way it ought to be. Answer Tradition Composition Post hoc ergo propter hoc Bandwagon 5 points Question 19 Either the government imposes price controls on the cost of prescription drugs, or the pharmaceutical companies will continue to reap huge profits. Therefore, price controls must be imposed, because we cannot tolerate these huge profits any longer. Answer Bandwagon Either/Or fallacy Division No fallacy 5 points Question 20 Karen has just moved in with her boyfriend. She claims that living together before marriage is ethical since everyone is doing it now. Answer Bandwagon Either/Or fallacy Division No fallacy
Solution Description

Question

Question 1

Every member of the Delta Club is over 70 years old. Therefore, the Delta Club must be over 70 years old.

Answer

Ignorance

Composition

Authority

Circular reasoning

5 points

Question 2

The idea that black people in this country live in poverty is ridiculous. Look at Bill Cosby. He's a millionaire. And so are Denzel Washington and Oprah Winfrey.

Answer

Division

Hasty generalization

False Analogy

Composition

5 points

Question 3

No one has ever proved that the human fetus is not a person with rights. Therefore, abortion is morally wrong.

Answer

Ignorance

Composition

Authority

Circular reasoning

5 points

Question 4

If someone rents a piece of land and plants crops on it, the landlord is never permitted to come and take those crops for himself when harvest time arrives. Similarly, if couples enlist the services of a surrogate mother to provide them with a baby, the mother should never be allowed to welch on the deal and keep the baby for herself once it is born.

Answer

Division

False analogy

Equivocation

No fallacy

5 points

Question 5

The

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