Segregation/Desegregation African American Final Paper - 91687

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            Integration is desegregation, the opposite of segregation. In addition to desegregation, integration includes goals such as leveling barriers to association, creating equal opportunities regardless of race, and the development of culture that draws on diverse traditions, rather than merely bringing a racial minority into the majority culture. Desegregation is largely a legal matter, integration largely a social one. The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) is a huge organization that helps with integration and a major example of this is shown thru education and HBCU (Historically Black Colleges and Universities) that we see today because of how it was in the past. A member that was in support of integration was Martin Luther King Jr. He was one of the leaders of the civil rights movement that saw integration as a way of enlarging the concept of brotherhood between all races. He spoke out for justice for African Americans, for an end to racial discrimination: to the laws that embodied it and the many subtle and unconscious behaviors and assumptions that were supported by those laws. Racial discrimination in the United States had resulted in countless unnecessary and unjust deaths, and the despair and hopelessness of generations so it was necessary for his cause.


            Racial Integration is an important topic. It was especially important during the 1800s when slavery played a big role in America. Even after slavery was legally abolished in the late 1800s and early 1900s, prejudice and racism were still common. A lot of racial disputes went on between blacks and whites. If these disputes between both races would have continued the way they were going, the United States economy would most likely be less prosperous. It would be less prosperous because without the help of the Negro race lots inventions that have been contributed from them would not exist, and without their help. During the mid 1900s the Civil Rights Movement took place with the leader of the movement Martin Luther King Jr.


            Martin Luther King Jr. was the young pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama who rose to prominence in the movement for civil rights. He remains to this day a symbol of the non-violent struggle against segregation. As a member of the Montgomery Improvement Association, King served as the charismatic leader of the Birmingham Bus Boycott. The success of the boycott helped elevate him to one of the most prominent positions in the growing Civil Rights Movement, and helped him gain the confidence of the black southerners ready to involve themselves in the struggle. After some set backs in Albany Georgia, King launched a series of non-violent anti-segregation protests in downtown Birmingham, Alabama in the spring of 1963. The droves of determined demonstrators, coupled with the violent response from police chief Eugene “Bull” Connor and his men, helped pressure Birmingham's business community to desegregate its stores. This success, largely due to King's leadership, was one of the most momentous achievements of the first half of the Civil Rights Movement. In the following months, King would serve as one of the key organizers of the March on Washington for jobs freedom.


            Till this day many remember the speeches of Martin Luther King Jr. It was a march and a speech that the world cannot forget. August 28, 1963, an estimated 250,000 people marched to the Lincoln Memorial in Washington where they heard Martin Luther King Jr. give a speech of unsurpassable eloque. Known ever since from its “I Hav