Saint PSY330/ Saint PSY330 Module 4 Midterm Exam Latest 2015 - 95810

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Question The area of legal psychology includes child custody evaluations and adult criminal responsibility assessments. True False Question 2. Question : Which of the following is NOT an example of an individual intellectual assessment instrument? Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Wide Range Intelligence Test All of the above are individually administered tests Question 3. Question : Broad certification in forensic psychology is a state requirement to practice forensic psychology. True False Question 4. Question : Which of the following focuses on the importance of the general acceptance of an expert's testimony, emphasizing its relevance? The Warren Standard The Federal Rules of Evidence The Frye Test The Daubert Rule The Kumbo Tire Ruling Question 5. Question : Competency to stand trial is one of the most common forensic assessments conducted by a forensic psychologist. True False Question 6. Question : Given a narrow definition of forensic psychology, which of the following would NOT be considered a part of forensic psychology? assessment of competency expert testimony on rape trauma syndrome expert testimony on eyewitness accuracy evaluation for child custody determination Question 7. Question : Dr. Lisa Kline has a Ph.D. in social psychology. She would most likely work in a private practice treating clients in a group practice conducting anger management groups in a university teaching and conducting research in a state agency managing a case load of battered women seeking assistance Question 8. Question : "Jolly Jake" Cooper was arrested for attempting to widen a county road. At the time of his arrest he reported that he planned to build a "mega mall" and needed more street access. He hoped to complete the mall in a week, though he had no workers or financial resources. He is currently being held in jail. His defense attorney should recommend a change of venue use of a trial consultant competency to stand trial evaluation a plea of guilty Question 9. Question : Which subfield is NOT one of the four applied areas of psychology recognized by the APA? clinical counseling industrial/organizational school all four are recognized as applied areas Question 10. Question : The average time of full study from the bachelor's degree to the doctoral degree is 4 years nearly 7 years approximately 2 years 10 years Question 11. Question : The major distinction between counseling psychology and clinical psychology is focus, clinical psychologists are trained to treat the more severe mental disorders training, clinical psychologists receive the Psy.D. breadth, clinical psychologists work in a larger variety of settings licensure, clinical psychologists must get licensed and counseling psychologists do not Question 12. Question : Which ruling suggests that a trial judge's decision can be overturned regarding the admissibility of expert testimony only if there is a clear abuse of discretion? Kumbo Tire Co. v. Carmichael (1999) Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals (1993) General Electric Co. v. Joiner (1997) Federal Rules of Evidence (1975) Question 13. Question : Legal sufficiency is the term used to describe if the information presented by an expert witness is likely to assist the trier of fact. True False Question 14. Question : In a trial, the trier of fact is the judge the expert witness the jury all of the above A and/or C Question 15. Question : The goal of the APA's Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings is to ensure that only licensed psychologists are involved in child custody decisions to mandate the proper procedure for conducting child custody evaluations to develop a uniform model and thus enhance quality of child custody evaluations to promote proficiency in using psychological expertise in child custody evaluations all of the above are goals for the Guidelines Question 16. Question : The American Psychological Association has established the Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct. Regarding these Principles, membership in APA requires adherence to the Principles some state laws require adherence to the Principles the Principles can conflict with state laws all of the above are true Question 17. Question : The American Psychological Association has established Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings. these Guidelines are mandatory for APA members these Guidelines are exhaustive in regard to custody evaluations these Guidelines are considered aspirational, neither mandatory or exhaustive none of the above Question 18. Question : Research on the influence of the expert witness's testimony on the jury suggest testimony on the ultimate issue does not overwhelm the jury the expert's opinion on the ultimate issue unduly influences the jury's decision the expert's testimony on the penultimate issue unduly influences the jury's decision. both B and C are Question 19. Question : Which of the following is NOT one of the points in time when a psychologist may be asked to evaluate a law enforcement officer? candidate selection annually when working undercover upon re-assignment to a new partner when being consider for a promotion Question 20. Question : Which ruling extended the Daubert decision to non-scientific expert witnesses? General Electric Co. V. Joiner The Frye Test Federal Rules of Evidence Kumbo Tire Co. Ltd. v. Carmichael Question 21. Question : The Court ruled that expert testimony should have three critical elements. These three are reliability, validity and norms relevancy, legal sufficiency, and reliability clear and convincing, preponderance, and beyond a reasonable doubt falsifiability, a priori, and tenacity Question 22. Question : Which of the following is NOT one of the four standards of reliability? general acceptance in the scientific community subjected to peer review error rate of the technique demonstrated high inter rater reliability (r > .80) Question 23. Question : Test reliability is also an indication of the test measures what it is supposed to measure test consistency tests can be counted on to be available in the literature tests being used in a standardized manner Question 24. Question : Based on the normal distribution, approximately what percentage of people will score within one standard deviation of the mean on the typical IQ test? 68% 95% 34% 2% Question 25. Question : Using the SAT to predict college performance is an example of predictive validity construct validity content validity criterion-related validity Question 26. Question : Which correlation coefficient is strongest? -.7 -.4 .6 0.1 Question 27. Question : Two teachers are asked to rate a child on a behavioral problem checklist. We would want to know what the ____________ of the checklist is. test-retest internal consistency inter-rate reliability parallel forms reliability Question 28. Question : Several differences between a clinical assessment and a forensic assessment are presented in the text. Which of the following is NOT one of the differences? temporal focus of the assessment motivation of the examinee qualifications of the examiner all of the above were identified as differences Question 29. Question : Face validity, not actually a measurement concept, refers to the degree to which an instrument appears to measure what it purports to measure. True False Question 30. Question : When a test is used for assessment at time 1 and again at time 2, it is necessary to develop what form of reliability? test-retest internal consistency inter-rate reliability parallel forms reliability Question 31. Question : A measure of Axis II categories, or personality disorders, is the MMPI-A MCMI 16 PF Wechsler Memory Scale Question 32. Question : A test can be reliable but not valid valid but not reliable if it is not valid, it cannot be reliable if it is reliable, then it must be valid Question 33. Question : Which of the following is NOT an area of forensic assessment? selection of law enforcement officers competency to stand trial evaluation evaluation of a 5th grade child for a learning disability assessment of an elderly adult for civil commitment Question 34. Question : Which of the following is NOT an example of an affirmative defense the insanity plea self-defense the battered-woman syndrome all of the above are examples of an affirmative defense Question 35. Question : It is generally not necessary to obtain an informed consent for a court-ordered criminal responsibility evaluation. True False Question 36. Question : The ruling that defendants may only be held for a reasonable amount of time if they can be brought to competence was Dusky v. United States, 1960 Jackson v. Indiana, 1972 Godinez v. Moran, 1993 Insanity Defense Reform Act, 1984 Question 37. Question : Mens rea refers to a guilty mind guilt beyond a reasonable doubt being guilty but mentally ill use of an affirmative defense Question 38. Question : The ruling that the same standard of competency applies to all forms of competency (i.e. competency to stand trial, competency to waive counsel, etc.) was Dusky v. United States, 1960 Jackson v. Indiana, 1972 Godinez v. Moran, 1993 Insanity Defense Reform Act, 1984 Question 39. Question : Which of the following is NOT generally an example of forensic assessment in a civil case? child custody evaluations workmen's compensation personal injury evaluations assessment of allegations of child sexual abuse Question 40. Question : The Insanity Defense Reform Act was the result of what historical event? The assassination of President Kennedy The assassination attempt of President Clinton The assassination attempt of President Reagan None of the above Question 41. Question : Who is responsible for making the ultimate decision regarding a defendant's competency to stand trial? the jury the forensic psychologist or psychiatrist the judge the prosecution Question 42. Question : Approximately what percentage of cases is successful using the insanity defense? 75% less than 3% 25% 38% Question 43. Question : MSO refers to the defendant's mental state during the evaluation the defendant's mental state at the time of the offense the prosecution's claim of the defendant's mental state at the time of the offense "modus stasis operandi' or the behavior of the defendant at the time of the offense Question 44. Question : The Insanity Defense Reform Act prohibits expert witnesses from testifying on the ultimate issue requires expert witnesses to testify regarding the ultimate issue allows judges to determine the ultimate issue prohibits defendants from testifying regarding the ultimate issue Question 45. Question : Which of the following is NOT one of the differences discussed in the text between clinical and forensic assessment? motivation of the examinee therapist-client privilege written report professional fees Question 46. Question : According to the federal Rules of Evidence, can mental health experts testify regarding the ultimate issue in competency to stand trial evaluations? no, they may only address penultimate issues yes, are required in their testimony and reports to address the ultimate issue yes, they can address the ultimate issue if they wish to only if subpoenaed by the court to do so Question 47. Question : The Stockholm syndrome refers to the role psychologists play in critical-incident debriefing. True False Question 48. Question : The results of pre-employment screening would indicate that the candidate is unfit to serve is suitable, marginally unsuitable or unsuitable should either be hired or not hired has psychiatric diagnosis or not Question 49. Question : Guidelines developed and adopted by the International Association of Chiefs of Police regarding pre-employment psychological testing include all of the following EXCEPT objective psychological tests should be used projective tests should not be used research should exist to justify an instrument's use in pre-employment screening all of the above are included in the Guidelines Question 50. Question : A FFDE can result in all of the following EXCEPT fit for duty permanently unfit for duty with mandatory treatment temporarily unfit for duty with mandatory treatment fit for duty with mandatory treatment all of the above are possible Question 51. Question : Which of the following is NOT an example of an affirmative defense? insanity plea extreme emotional duress voluntary intoxication self-defense Question 52. Question : Which of the following is an example of health and wellness counseling provided by a police psychologist? stress management smoking cessation relaxation training all of the above Question 53. Question : The majority of pre-employment selection instruments for law enforcement have demonstrated both concurrent and predictive validity. True False Question 54. Question : Police psychologists have trained peer counselors to work with law enforcement personnel. What is NOT one of the advantages presented in the text to using peer counselors? police feel a closer bond to other police officers individuals tend to seek help sooner there are fewer ethical problems with confidentiality issues peer counselors can refer difficult cases to the psychologist Question 55. Question : The courts have ruled that a police officer ordered to undergo a fitness-for-duty-evaluation may have legal counsel or a representative from the union present during the evaluation. True False Question 56. Question : Dr. Weston works as a police psychologist in a large urban area. He is asked to complete a Fitness for Duty Evaluation on a 10 year veteran. He should inform the veteran he can not provide any of the results of the evaluation ask the veteran if he wishes to have union representative present during the evaluation inform the referring agency that the results will be provided to the veteran, the union and his legal counsel B and C Question 57. Question : Recent surveys on job satisfaction among police psychologists indicate a great deal of turnover due to low salaries a great deal of turnover due to non-acceptance by the rank-and-file police officers very high levels of job satisfaction no surveys on job satisfaction were discussed in the text Question 58. Question : Which of the following criteria is NOT part of the admissibility of expert testimony according to the Daubert decision? the principles and methodology underlying the testimony can be tested the principles and methodology underlying the testimony has been published the principles and methodology underlying the testimony is available as a commercial product and can be purchased and utilized by other professionals all of the above are part of Daubert none of the above, Daubert extended the Frye Test Question 59. Question : What is NOT one of the reasons presented in the text for deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill? lack of federal funds to build larger state psychiatric hospitals initiation of psychotropic medications to help control major symptoms of severe mental illness community mental heath movement of the 1960's all of the above were presented as reasons for deinstitutionalization Question 60. Question : The goal of incapacitation for incarcerating offenders means the criminal justice system is frequently incapacitated in preventing recidivism the offender in physically incapacitated from re-offending due to his phsical confinement the threat of incarceration incapacitates potential offenders a persona receives punishment equal to the crime Question 61. Question : Murder and rape are two crimes with very high recidivism rates. True False Question 62. Question : The U. S. Supreme Court case of Ford v. Wainwright (1986) ruled that it is unconstitutional to execute a mentally ill individual who does not appreciate what was happening that prison inmates have a constitutional right to receive medical treatment that an administrative hearing is sufficient to administer psychoactive drugs to an inmate against their will that prison authorities can withdraw privileges if an inmate refuses to participate in psychological treatment Question 63. Question : An example of restorative justice discussed in the text is a program that provides treatment for the youthful offender, family, and system. This program is named Families Against Criminal Treatment (FACT) The Multisystemic Therapy Right Back to the Community Holistic Community Treatment Question 64. Question : Which crime has the highest rate of recidivism? murder rape grand theft auto kidnapping Question 65. Question : In what settings can the criminal justice system impose forced psychological treatment? on an inpatient setting to achieve competency to stand trial on an inpatient setting after an administrative hearing on an outpatient setting as part of probation or parole the criminal justice system cannot force psychological treatment, patient's rights include the right to refuse treatment A, B and C are Question 66. Question : Regarding privileged communication between an inmate and his therapist: what can a therapist legally disclose to the authorities? plans to commit a crime while in prison disclosure of child abuse possession of contraband all of the above Question 67. Question : The Department of Justice estimates ________ of incarcerated inmates are mentally ill. less than 5% nearly 85% 15% to 20% the Department of Justice refuses to release this information stating that it violates the privacy rights of inmates Question 68. Question : Specific deterrence is the belief that the broad threat of punishment for all individuals keeps most people on the good side of the law. True False Question 69. Question : The U. S. Supreme Court case of Washington v. Harper (1990) ruled that it is unconstitutional to execute a mentally ill individual who does not appreciate what was happening that prison inmates have a constitutional right to receive medical treatment that an administrative hearing is sufficient to administer psychoactive drugs to an inmate against their will that prison authorities can withdraw privileges if an inmate refuses to participate in psychological treatment Question 70. Question : Which Supreme Court case ruled that a prison can use the less stringent administrative hearing as opposed to a judicial hearing to rule on the administration of psychoactive medications against an inmate's will. McKune v. Lile (2002) Washington v. Harper (1990) Estelle v. Gamble (1976) Ford v. Wainwright (1986)
Solution Description

Question

The area of legal psychology includes child custody evaluations and adult criminal responsibility assessments.

True

False

Question 2. Question :

Which of the following is NOT an example of an individual intellectual assessment instrument?

Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

Wide Range Intelligence Test

All of the above are individually administered tests

Question 3. Question :

Broad certification in forensic psychology is a state requirement to practice forensic psychology.

True

False

Question 4. Question :

Which of the following focuses on the importance of the general acceptance of an expert's testimony, emphasizing its relevance?

The Warren Standard

The Federal Rules of Evidence

The Frye Test

The Daubert Rule

The Kumbo Tire Ruling

Question 5. Question :

Competency to stand trial is one of the most common forensic assessments conducted by a forensic psychologist.

True

False

Question 6. Question :

Given a narrow definition of forensic psychology, which of the following would NOT be considered a part of forensic psychology?

assessment of competency

expert testimony on rape trauma syndrome

expert testimony on eyewitness accuracy

evaluation for child custody determination

Question 7. Question :

Dr. Lisa Kline has a Ph.D. in social psychology. She would most likely work

in a private practice treating clients

in a group practice conducting anger management groups

in a university teaching and conducting research

in a state agency managing a case load of battered women seeking assistance

Question 8. Question :

"Jolly Jake" Cooper was arrested for attempting to widen a county road. At the time of his arrest he reported that he planned to build a "mega mall" and needed more street access. He hoped to complete the mall in a week, though he had no workers or financial resources. He is currently being held in jail. His defense attorney should recommend a

change of venue

use of a trial consultant

competency to stand trial evaluation

a plea of guilty

Question 9. Question :

Which subfield is NOT one of the four applied areas of psychology recognized by the APA?

clinical

counseling

industrial/organizational

school

all four are recognized as applied areas

Question 10. Question :

The average time of full study from the bachelor's degree to the doctoral degree is

4 years

nearly 7 years

approximately 2 years

10 years

Question 11. Question :

The major distinction between counseling psychology and clinical psychology is

focus, clinical psychologists are trained to treat the more severe mental disorders

training, clinical psychologists receive the Psy.D.

breadth, clinical psychologists work in a larger variety of settings

licensure, clinical psychologists must get licensed and counseling psychologists do not

Question 12. Question :

Which ruling suggests that a trial judge's decision can be overturned regarding the admissibility of expert testimony only if there is a clear abuse of discretion?

Kumbo Tire Co. v. Carmichael (1999)

Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals (1993)

General Electric Co. v. Joiner (1997)

Federal Rules of Evidence (1975)

Question 13. Question :

Legal sufficiency is the term used to describe if the information presented by an expert witness is likely to assist the trier of fact.

True

False

Question 14. Question :

In a trial, the trier of fact is

the judge

the expert witness

the jury

all of the above

A and/or C

Question 15. Question :

The goal of the APA's Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings is

to ensure that only licensed psychologists are involved in child custody decisions

to mandate the proper procedure fo