Financial statements paint a picture of financial health of an organization. Important aspects of the financial statement of a health care organization are ratios. Analysis of ratios show how two numbers relate or compare to one another. Ratios are a way for organizations to make comparison. These comparisons not only encompass what is happening presently but can also be used to make comparisons about numbers and ratios over time. Ratios are a way for organizations to compare themselves with competitors and the industry. (Finkler, Kovner, and Jones, 2007). There are four major ratios that financial statements analyze 1) liquidity 2) activity 3) leverage and 4) profitability. The financial statement for Mayo Health System for the year 2011 will analyze each area to determine the health of the organization.
Liquidity ratio looks at an organizations assets and liabilities is an indicator of the organizations ability to pay off debts (Investopedia, 2012). The two main ratios for liquidity are current ratio and the quick test ratio. Below are the calculations for these ratios.
I. Liquidity ratios
1. Current ratio
Current Assets/Current Liabilities
= $10,128.9/5,399.5 = 1.88