PHI 105 Week 6-DQ 1 - 7945

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The ontological argument is based more upon reason, and the cosmological and teleological arguments are based more upon observation. The ontological argument stems from the concept that God exists and represents St. Anselm's most substantial contribution to the philosophy of religion.  Anselm was the first philosopher to argue the existence of God without applying any religious premises and considered God to be the greatest being conceivable and "a being than which nothing greater can be conceived"  (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 426).The cosmological argument, a type of argument that involves worldly observation, claims that the existence of things that could possibly not have existed (contingent) explains the existence of a necessary being (God) as the creator of such things (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 430-431).  This type of argument arises from human curiosity that naturally wonders why there is something instead of nothing (Stanford, 2008).The teleological argument is similar to the cosmological argument in that it arises from a natural standpoint and suggests that everything exists because of a higher power.  The teleological argument takes the cosmological argument one step further by giving explanation to our questions about not only where everything came from but where the beauty and design (properties) of everything came from (Stanford, 2008).  I think I agree more with the cosmological and teleological arguments than the ontological argument.  I have difficulty wrapping my head about St. Anselm's concepts regarding God.  I'm one of the people who think that his ideas are just doubletalk and his arguments are "just because" arguments, and that doesn't fly with me.  When ask myself questions about God and existence, I don't just wonder where we came from.  I also wonder what made humans and everything the way they are individually.  What made flowers so colorful and pretty?  Where did color come from?  How could such beautiful things be spontaneous?  I believe that a superior being had a plan for the creation of all and continues to have a plan for the creation of all in the future.As far as which arguments about the existence of God were most fascinating and convincing to me -- I would honestly have to say the anchoress Julia of Norwich.  Julian believed in God with all her heart, but her belief system was different than Anselm and Aquinas'; it had a lot to do with mysticism, as well as focusing on the nature of personal and religious knowledge.  She believed that some people had come into direct contact with God in some way or another and this fact alone was substantive proof that God existed (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 432, 434).  I am not saying that this type of explanation doesn't still leave me with questions and even doubts, but I still consider explanations based on experiences and real substance to be better than those based solely on philosophical argument

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The ontological argument is based more upon reason, and the cosmological and teleological arguments are based more upon observation. The ontological argument stems from the concept that God exists and represents St. Anselm's most substantial contribution to the philosophy of religion.  Anselm was the first philosopher to ar