Penn Foster - Psychology Quiz - 39852

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1.in general, the approach to stress embraced by psychoneuroimmunologists focuses on

 

A. The brain and the body

 

B. The brain and the immune system

 

C. Psychological factors and that immune system

 

D. The outcome of stress

 

 

 

2.the concept of aggression clues is associated with

 

A. The work of animal behaviorists Konrad LOrenZ

 

B. Frustration – aggression theory

 

C. Observational learning theories

 

D. Social learning theories

 

 

 

3.with respect to the fundamental attribution error, it turns out that in other cultures, like those of Asia, there is a – and___orientation to others that emphasize interdependence

 

A. Philosophical

 

B. Collectivist

 

C. Individualistic

 

P. Interpersonal

 

 

 

4.aggressiveness builds up in people because of human nature. It can be safely express before it reaches a boiling point through the CATHARSIS offered by aggressive sports and games these kinds of ideas are associated with

 

A.distinctive approaches to aggression

 

B.observational learning theory

 

C.social learning theories

 

D.frustration – aggression theory

 

 

 

5.4 steps are involved in a person’s decision to offer assistance in an emergency situation. The third step is

 

A.interpreting the event as requiring someone to offer assistance

 

B. appraisal of one’s of skills and experience in dealing with emergencies

 

C.deciding how to help

 

D.assuming responsibility for rendering assistance

 

 

 

6.in the context of social cognition, what is the primary importance of SCHEMAS ?

 

A. They provide accurate and truthful information about social situations and other people space

 

B. They help us organize, store, and recall information about other people

 

C. They help us differentiate good people and bad people

 

D. They allow us to correctly identify the certain traits of other people

 

 

 

7.what statement is best expresses the concept of self – serving bias?

 

A. We tend to think other people are similar to us, even when we first meet them

 

B. We nearly always assume that other people’s failures are due to their personal characteristics

 

C. We attribute our success to our skills and abilities and our failures to our external factors

 

D. We assume that situational causes are brought about by the

 

environment

 

 

 

8.according to your text, whether you’re persuaded by a message will primarily depend on which factor?

 

A. Whether you received the message while at work or at home

 

B. Your perception or understanding of the recipient up of the message

 

C. Your characteristics, including your personality and intelligence

 

D. The nature of the message as it relates to your temperament

 

 

 

9.the last stage in the G A S Model of stress is

 

A. Adaptation

 

B. Exhaustion

 

C. Resistance

 

D. Flight or fight

 

 

 

10. As discussed in your textbooks, the implicit Association test (iat)

 

A. Is based on a culture – free questionnaire

 

B. Requests objects to react to series of black and white faces

 

C. Has revealed that most people aren’t prejudiced

 

D. Requires people to openly express and reveal their latent prejudice

 

 

 

11. Jason and Julia are preparing for a quiz in psychology 101. Jason recites for reasons for seeking out a social support network. Julia, who has top grades in the class, gives her nod of approval to all but one of Jason’s list. Which one is she most likely to reject?

 

A. Support group membership can help a participant feel valued by others

 

B. Being a social support network helps a person learn how to win arguments

 

C. Group members can help a participant with practical things like finding a new job

 

D. Being a member of the social support network can help reduce a person stress level

 

 

 

12. Which of the following statements regarding stereotypes and prejudice is true?

 

 A. A self – fulfillment prophecy always receives prejudice

 

B. Discrimination is to action as prejudice is to attitudes

 

C. Where there are stereotypes we always find prejudice

 

D. Stereotypes may be positive or negative

 

 

 

13. The more people there are the scene of an accident, the less likely it is that individual will step up to lend a hand. The phenomenon is referred to as

 

A. Antisocial behavior

 

B. Crowd apathy

 

C. Diffusion of responsibility

 

D.diffusion of interest

 

 

 

14. Steinberg’s model of the kind of hard identifies which of the following basic components?

 

A. Sexuality

 

B. Consummate attraction

 

C. Spirituality

 

D. Commitment/decision

 

 

 

15. The context of stress, the flipside of an of and uplift is

 

A. A personal stressor

 

B. And cataclysmic event

 

C. Background chaos

 

D.  a Hassle

 

 

 

16. The first stage in the GAS model of stress is

 

A. Analyzing a stressor

 

B. Alarm and mobilization

 

C. Resistance

 

D. Adaption

 

 

 

17. In the “teacher – learner “ experiment conducted by Stanley Milgram,­­­­_____percent of the experimental subjects eventually apply to”lethal” 450 – volt shock to the”learner”.

 

A. 2

 

B.15

 

C.35

 

D.65

 

 

 

18. According to Steinberg, intimacy plus decision/commitment identifies

 

A. Liking

 

B. Fatuous love

 

C. companionate

 

 D. True friendship

 

 

 

19. With respect to the theory of cognitive dissonance, people can hold contradictory ideas in their mind. If you became aware of the dissonance between two ideas, you could pursue which of the following strategies to reduce the dissonance?

 

A. You can modify your views of the two contradictory ideas

 

B. You can change the way you perceive the idea by decreasing the importance of one of them

 

C. You can repress one of the cognitions into your unconscious mind and go about your day

 

D. It is not yourself that the contradictory ideas are contradictory

 

 

 

20. Which of the following statements regarding the nature of stress is true?

 

A. Accumulating hassles may well lead to sudden onset of PTSD

 

B. Continued exposure to stresses associated with the secretion of stress – related hormones

 

C. Cataclysmic event such as an earthquake are, inevitably, the most devastating stressor for most people

 

d. phychophysiological disorders are primarily mental disorders and is you will and will is what

 

 

 

21. Which of the following statements best illustrates the concept of the halo effect?

 

A. After Clark missed the file shot, Coach Smart told him to try practicing for a change

 

B. Grenville maintains that Hannibal’s faults lie not with the stars but within his character

 

C. Observing that Lois is argumentative and abrasive, Leopold assumes she is a skilled liar

 

D. On first meeting Sally, Harry recognized that he and Sally were like two peas in a pod

 

 

 

22. Mandy has decided that she has no control over the aversive stimuli she encounters at work and that home day by day. Thus, she has given up trying to make her life better. Psychologists would say Mandy’s worldview illustrates

 

A. Problem – focused copying

 

B. Learned helplessness

 

C. Learned avoidant coping

 

D. Emotion – focused coping

 

 

 

23. On the first meeting Ian Cambell from Edinburg, Clark Mason, a native of Seattle, immediately decided that he and Ian have similar attitudes, feelings, and worldviews. Psychologists say that this sort of thing illustrates the

 

A. Assume – similarities bias

 

B. Self – serving bias

 

C. “Birds of a feather” error

 

D. Fundamental attribution error

 

 

 

24. In respect to the foundation of prejudice, social identity theory is associated with the concept of

 

A. Modern racism

 

B. Stereotypical discrimination

 

C. Ethnocentrism

 

D. Self – fulfillment prophecy

 

 

 

25. Two psychology students are in a seated discussion about the nature of prejudice. Mavis insists that when two people get their identities from memberships and a political action group, they will generally express ethnocentrism. Martin argues that with or without ethnocentrism, social identity based in group membership is inevitably associated with the demonization of a minority group. Who is correct?

 

A. Martin is correct

 

B. Both Mavis and Martin are correct

 

C. Mavis is correct

 

D. Neither Mavis nor Martin is correct

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