A 40-year-old man has chronic hepatitis
B. What may be the cause of his condition? Describe the pathophysiology of hepatitis B.
- What are the signs of preicteric and icteric stages of acute hepatitis?
- What serum markers are found?
- Is cirrhosis likely to develop and what pathophysiological changes are taking place?
- If the patient developed ascites, edema, esophageal varices, or respiratory infections, what might be happening?
The hepatitis B virus is a DNA