Over the past 100 years, two of the most important philosophies in criminology have been positivist and rational choice. Rational choice theory in criminal justice is the philosophy that every human is a rational actor who makes a decision between what is deviant and what is good. The choice is one made freely and with an understanding of the consequences. Positivist philosophy in criminal justice brings up the issue of whether humans have an intrinsic evil inside their being that forces them toward decisions on criminal behavior. Please post an answer to the following questions. Support your answers with academic or real life criminal justice examples to accentuate your point.
The questions are as follows: Which of the two philosophies (rational choice or positivism) do you believe explains criminal behavior in a much more complete manner? Why? •In your opinion, do you think that police departments prefer a certain philosophy between these two? Why?