MGT311/MGT 311 FINAL EXAM LATEST - 78780

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1. In her work in the publishing industry, Vera seeks out new authors whom she considers promising. In the past 2 years she has found a number of new writers whose work she thought was exceptional. She is extremely frustrated, dreads coming into work each morning, and is seriously thinking of resigning. How can Vera’s job attitude best be described? Low job satisfaction and low job involvement High job satisfaction and low job involvement Low job satisfaction and high job involvement High job satisfaction and high job involvement 2. Julia works as a receptionist at a real-estate company. Her boss just came in the door and yelled at her, telling her that the front office was a mess and that she needed to get up and clean it immediately. After her boss left the room, Julia grabbed three magazines and violently slammed them into the trash can. Which of the following best describes Julia's action? An affect A thought An emotion A mood 3. Erin works on a software help desk. After being yelled at by a customer about the state of her company's software, she becomes angry, and has to take a short break to calm down. What makes her anger an emotion, rather than a mood? It can be controlled given some time. It has contextual stimulus. It interferes with her capacity to work effectively. It is a simple, unambiguous feeling. 4) Any incompatibility between two or more attitudes or between behavior and attitudes results in what? Organizational dissonance Cognitive dissonance Attitudinal clarification Values clarification 5. What is the degree to which a person identifies with his or her job, actively participates in it, and considers his or her performance as being important to self-worth? Job stability Organizational commitment Job involvement Job satisfaction 6. What term is used for those emotions that an organization requires workers to show and considers appropriate for a given job? Displayed emotions Conditional emotions Felt emotions Required emotions 7. Janet needs to assign a very important advertising account to one of her writers. First she reviewed each writer's work load, then she studied the sales data of the products for the last three campaigns of each writer, then she reviewed each writer's annual review to familiarize herself with their goals. Finally, she gave the account to Paula, a very creative, efficient writer who has had high sales results with her last three clients' products. What is Janet's management style is based on? Substantive evidence approach Organizational behavior studies Systematic study Preconceived notions 8. Basing managerial methods on the best available scientific evidence is called what? Organizational behavior Evidence-based management Conceptual management Systematic study 9. The manager at a construction site observes that he is spending a great deal of time interviewing prospective employees. This is due to the large amount of absenteeism and turnover among his skilled workers. While questioning exiting employees, he discovers that many of them quit because they feel the work place is too dangerous. In particular, several foremen have stated that the need to get the job done quickly is more important than a few rules, and have gone as far as to mock the courage of workers who question this attitude. What is the best way for the manager to control the deviant behavior of the foremen? Ordering the foremen to conform with the required safety standards Finding out why the foremen place a greater importance on finishing the job than on safety Firing the foremen and promoting new foremen from the current pool of workers Taking over the work of the foreman himself 10. Phil loves sales. He has been a stellar sales person since he was 12. Recently he was awarded a full paid trip for two to Puerto Rico for breaking a company sales record. Phil is so motivated to work; he has set a new goal to break his old record in the coming year. Taking into account self-determination theory, why did the company recognition and award, an extrinsic reward, motivate Phil? The reward was seen as a coercive method of increasing sales and motivated Phil to prove himself intrinsically. The reward was imposed to work toward a standard that Phil could not believe in, and his intrinsic motivation suffered. The reward increased Phil’s sense of competence by providing feedback that improved his intrinsic motivation. The reward increased Phil's sense of competence by providing feedback that diminished his intrinsic motivation. 11. Tony loves programming. He was on the ground level of the computer revolution. This year his boss has set personal goals for each of the programmers, one of which includes a presentation from each programmer about a project. Taking into account self-determination theory, why did his manager’s goals and the presentation reduce Tony's motivation? The internally imposed goal feels coercive, causing Tony's intrinsic motivation to suffer. The self-imposed goal increases his sense of competence, causing the intrinsic motivation to suffer. The externally imposed goal is an external reward, causing Tony's intrinsic motivation to increase. The externally imposed goal feels coercive, causing Tony's intrinsic motivation to suffer. 12. Glendon has a degree in business and worked for 2 years at an international firm in Spain. When the firm suffered cutbacks and Glendon returned home, he took a job at a nonprofit agency mentoring at-risk Spanish-speaking children. Which theory explains why Glendon is happy with a much smaller external reward for his work? Self-concordance nAch Self-imposition of goals Extrinsic motivation 13. Today Marci's boss entered her cubicle and told her that her work has been fantastic, and that because of her last project the client is going to give the company all of their business. Marci's boss continued to talk about what a great job she's doing. When her boss left, Marci felt very confident and satisfied with herself and her job. Control Motivation Emotional expression Information 14. What can managers do to make sure that important information is not withheld from them through silence? Deal with information overload. Interpret what they see and call it reality. Tell employees what they want to hear. Listen to and support diverse opinions. 15. When Neal Patterson, CEO of Cerner Corporation, sent his seething e-mail to 400 managers, he erred by selecting the wrong message emotional charge channel for his message distribution 16. Araceli is a team member in a large corporation. She never speaks in the team meetings because she has seen members talk behind each others' backs outside of the meetings. Members are constantly monitoring the other member's work, looking for a mistake to point out in a meeting. According to the information provided, which contextual factor is most likely hindering the success of Araceli's team? Climate of trust Adequate resources Performance evaluations Team structure 17. Ayesha is leading a group to develop a prototype for a new product. She has chosen three people to work with her. Ben and Tom are good friends and socialize on the weekend. They are both very creative. Julian is older than Ben and Tom, but they have worked together before and been quite productive. Julian is organized. Ayesha has never worked with any of the men, but knows the product well. She brings the highest level of expertise. Which of the following statements best describes Ayesha's group? High norms, low cohesiveness, high productivity Low norms, low cohesiveness, low productivity High norms, high cohesiveness, high productivity Low norms, high cohesiveness, low productivity 18. Irma does not like a few of the standard operating procedures adapted for the new project. However, she discussed the items with the team and told them that she realized she was in the minority and that she would adapt the new procedures to maintain smooth operations within the team. What is this type of intention called? Sacrificing Collaborating Compromising Accommodating 19. Angelina feels that her cubicle neighbor talks too loudly on the phone, but in other ways she is a great neighbor. Angelina gets annoyed every time her neighbor's phone rings, but she has decided it is simply not worth the trouble to talk to her neighbor. What is Angelina's conflict intention called? Avoiding Compromising. Collaborating Accommodating 20. For process conflict to be productive, it must be Kept high Kept low Kept at moderate levels Kept at low to moderate levels 21. The right inherent in a managerial position to give orders and expect orders to be obeyed is termed authority unity of command power chain of command 22. ________ are consistent with recent efforts by companies to reduce costs, cut overhead, speed up decision making, increase flexibility, get closer to customers, and empower employees. Narrower spans of control Wider spans of control Matrix structures Simple structures 23. What is the process through which employees are adapted to an organization's culture? Mentoring Socialization Institutionalization Personalization ?
Solution Description

1. In her work in the publishing industry, Vera seeks out new authors whom she considers promising. In the past 2 years she has found a number of new writers whose work she thought was exceptional. She is extremely frustrated, dreads coming into work each morning, and is seriously thinking of resigning. How can Vera’s job attitude best be described?

Low job satisfaction and low job involvement

High job satisfaction and low job involvement

Low job satisfaction and high job involvement

High job satisfaction and high job involvement

2. Julia works as a receptionist at a real-estate company. Her boss just came in the door and yelled at her, telling her that the front office was a mess and that she needed to get up and clean it immediately. After her boss left the room, Julia grabbed three magazines and violently slammed them into the trash can. Which of the following best describes Julia's action?
An affect
A thought
An emotion
A mood
3. Erin works on a software help desk. After being yelled at by a customer about the state of her company's software, she becomes angry, and has to take a short break to calm down. What makes her anger an emotion, rather than a mood?
It can be controlled given some time.
It has contextual stimulus.
It interferes with her capacity to work effectively.
It is a simple, unambiguous feeling.
4) Any incompatibility between two or more attitudes or between behavior and attitudes results in what?

Organizational dissonance

Cognitive dissonance

Attitudinal clarification

Values clarification

5.  What is the degree to which a person identifies with his or her job, actively participates in it, and considers his or her performance as being important to self-worth?
Job stability
Organizational commitment
Job involvement
Job satisfaction

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