# Memofax, Inc., produces memory enhancement kits for fax machines. - 13968

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Problem 5-20 Basics of CVP Analysis; Cost Structure [LO1, LO3, LO4, LO5, LO6]

 Memofax, Inc., produces memory enhancement kits for fax machines. Sales have been very erratic, with some months showing a profit and some months showing a loss. The company's contribution format income statement for the most recent month is given below:

 Sales (13,500 units at \$20 per unit) \$ 270,000 Variable expenses 189,000 Contribution margin 81,000 Fixed expenses 90,000 Net operating loss \$ (9,000)

 Required: 1. Compute the company's CM ratio and its break-even point in both units and dollars. (Omit the "%" and "\$" signs in your response.)

 2. The sales manager feels that an \$8,000 increase in the monthly advertising budget, combined with an intensified effort by the sales staff, will result in a \$70,000 increase in monthly sales. If the sales manager is right, what will the revised net operating income or loss? (Use the incremental approach in preparing your answer.) (Omit the "\$" sign in your response.) 3. Refer to the original data. The president is convinced that a 10% reduction in the selling price, combined with an increase of \$35,000 in the monthly advertising budget, will double unit sales. What will the new contribution format income statement look like if these changes are adopted? (Input all amounts as positive values. Omit the "\$" sign in your response.) 4. Refer to the original data. The company’s advertising agency thinks that a new package would help sales. The new package being proposed would increase packaging costs by \$0.60 per unit. Assuming no other changes, how many units would have to be sold each month to earn a profit of \$4,500? (Do not round intermediate calculations.) 5. Refer to the original data. By automating, the company could slash its variable expenses in half. However, fixed costs would increase by \$118,000 per month. a. Compute the new CM ratio and the new break-even point in both units and dollars. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Omit the "%" and "\$" signs in your response.) b. Assume that the company expects to sell 20,000 units next month. Prepare two contribution format income statements, one assuming that operations are not automated and one assuming that they are. (Omit the "\$" and "%" signs in your response.)

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