The Food and Drug Administration is both proactive and reactive. The agency has recently taken action against a Michigan sandwich company. Michichan based Scotty's Inc. is known to make ready-to-eat sandwiches under unsanitary conditions. The company fails to comply with the Seafood Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point regulations. The company was warned previously about poor sanitation, but did not comply. The FDA has taken actions to protect public safety by fiing a complaint against the company. This is in respose to past complaints and to prevent further health issues.
The Consumer Product Safety Commision is also both proactive and reactive. This agency protects the public from unreasonable risks of serious injury of death from many kinds of consumer products. This is often done through recalls. McDonalds just recalled the Hello Kitty whistles that are found in happy meals. They were found to be choking hazards. Parts inside of he whistles can detach and choke young children.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration seems to be proactive in the form of recalls also. In October of this year the NHTSA issued airbag warnings to car owners. The administration investigated Takata airbags and found defects and problems when they are exposed to high humidity and temperature. These airbags are found in many car models including certain Toyotas, Hondas, Mazdas, BMWs and Nissans. There has been a recall on cars with these airbags and the NHTSA is urging owners to take their vehicles in to the dealerhips for inspection. This is to prevent future airbag failures.
One alternative suggested in the text is to influence the level of consumption of of certain products. Imposing excise taxes on items that could promote dangerous activities. This could be alcohol, cirgarettes. etc. Raising the taxes on these items might deter consumers from buying them. People who drink or smoke might engage in these activities less often if they have to pay more for these items. The problem is efficiency. All smokers and drinkers will be charged more, even those who smoke and drink in moderation and responsibly. Those who are heavy smokers/drinkers will continue these habits of smoking and drinking irresponsibly. Many will just switch to cheaper brands while some won't make any changes at all. They will just pay the higher prices. Everyone suffers with hig