Language Development Stages
There are four initial stages of second language acquisition: preproduction, early production, speech emergence, and intermediate fluency.
The preproduction phase applies to students who are totally new to English. Students at this level are “taking in” the new language and are trying to make sense out of it to meet their basic needs. Language skills are being developed at the receptive level, a so-called “silent period.” Students at this stage are able to comprehend more complex messages than they can produce.
Teachers’ questioning techniques at this stage:
- Point to ___________
- Find the ___________
- Put the ________ next to the ___________
- Do you have the _____________?
- Is this a ____________?
- Who wants the _______?
- Who has the _______?
Sample Teacher Behaviors
- language focuses on conveying meaning and vocabulary development