11. To what extent were climate and disease key factors in producing economic and social changes?
12. Discuss the Hundred Years War: What were its causes? Why did the war continue for so long a period? What advantages did each side possess? What were the outcomes of the war for France and England?
13. Discuss the Columbian exchange. What was exchanged? What were the immediate consequences of the encounters between the Old and New Worlds?
14. Discuss the impact of exploration during the 15th and 16th century. What major changes did exploration expedite? Identify 3 examples of explorers and their achievements.