HSA 535 WEEK 8 DISCUSSION - 99974

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HSA 535 WEEK 8 DISCUSSION DISCUSSION 1 "Cancer as a Growing Health Threat" Please respond to the following: • After reviewing this week’s material on cancer, suggest at least two (2) ways to address and communicate this threat to the public. Recommend five (5) steps to cancer prevention. Provide rationale for your response. • Analyze the different types of cancer, and suggest at least three (3) cost-saving strategies to deal with long-term cancer care. Evaluate the pragmatic value of early cancer detection. DISCUSSION 2 "Disease Screening Methodology" Please respond to the following: • From the case study and e-Activity, analyze and evaluate the various measures of screening tests validation, and comment on the efficacy of screening programs in your community. • From the case study and applying the concepts of sensitivity and specificity to prostate cancer screening, evaluate the cost effectiveness of having screenings for men over 50 years of age. NOTE: MORE THAN ONE ANSWERS PROVIDED CHOOSE ANY
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DISCUSSION 1

After reviewing this week’s material on cancer, suggest at least two (2) ways to address and communicate this threat to the public. Recommend five (5) steps to cancer prevention. Provide a rationale for your response.

Cancer is a growing health threat of today's society. Two ways that could help address and communicate the risk to the public are advertisement, media, and campaigns.

(1) Advertisements - This entails the use of ads that educate people on diagnosis and cancer prevention.


(2) Media and Campaigns – Media is a very popular and effective means of communication, and through this medium, you can reach the masses quickly. This platform makes it simple to create cancer awareness.

Cancer prevention is a step taken towards reducing the chances of being a cancer victim.  This can be done by: 

(1) Keeping a good or balanced diet and food that is from plant sources. The logical investigation of the human diet is exceedingly complex, and the food supply is always showing signs of change. For instance, the need to the point of food with much calories and poor dietary esteem to keep up a healthy body weight is undeniable. 

(2) Cancer screening is critical since it leads to early detection of cancer prevalence. Selection refers to testing people who do not have direct symptoms related to a particular illness.  Early cancer detection leads to removal of portions that may be precancerous and thus prevention of advanced cancer.

(3) Chemo-prevention.  This is the use of medicine to treat a precancerous condition or keeping cancer from starting. 

(4) Ultra Violet Radiation behavior.  UVR harm of unprotected skin ought to be minimized by restricting the measure of UVR introduction, by timing outside exercises at the point when UVR beams are not much intense, by making use of protective gear and applying sufficient rules of sunscreen, and by keeping off tanning stalls and sunlamps. 

(5) Smoke-free campaigns that would reduce the risk of exposure to secondhand smoke.  Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the chances of getting lung cancer. It is for this reason that needs arises for campaigns towards this prevention of secondhand smoke to be launched.

Analyze the different types of cancer, and suggest at least three (3) cost-saving strategies to deal with long-term cancer care.  Evaluate the pragmatic value of early cancer detection.  

Types of cancer are as follows;

1) Prostate cancer 

2) Lung cancer

3) Colon Cancer

4) Breast cancer

5) Cervical cancer

Studies carried out show that healthy living and good diet after cancer diagnosis increases the chances of living or even cancer recurrence. Cancer screening is critical since it leads to early cancer detection and thus easy management and treatment. Through this process, many lives have been saved in my community. 

The effectiveness of having screenings for men over 50 years of age. Men who are over the age of fifty are believed to have a lower urinary tract; this makes them more likely to get prostate cancer. Therefore, there is a need for screening.  Early detection is useful in the sense that the prostate cancer mortality rate is reduced rapidly.

 

References:

Retrieved from https://www.cancer.gov/types

Friis, R.H., & Sellers, T.(2014). Epidemiology for public health practice (5th ed.). Burlington MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

OR

Analyze the different types of cancer, and suggest at least three (3) cost-saving strategies to deal with long-term cancer care. Evaluate the pragmatic value of early cancer detection

 

Since cancer is one of the chronic disease, early detection should be done by people by regular visit the physicians for medical checkup, posters, and workshops should be created for public awareness, and people should be encouraged to take their health seriously.

There is no universal prevention or cure for all the various type of cancer but the number of people’s life’s that are lost to this disease can be reduced.

 The recommendations can be based on the following:

  1. New and better treatment for cancer will continue to be developed and survival rates improving and early detect increasing the chances of successful treatment and survival.
  2. Cancers can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle like by not smoking, adopting good healthy diet and exercise practices.
  3. Life cervical cancer can be prevented by delaying on set of first sexual intercourse and limiting the number of lifetime sex partners, both of which reduce to the human papilloma virus and are risk factors beyond their relationship to human papilloma virus. Therefore HPV vaccine should be given before young people has any type of sexual intercourse contact.
  4. The use of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and other therapies should be done if the cancer has reached advanced stage.
  5. Both private, government, churches and other organizations bodies should be involved in the campaign of cancer awareness.

1(2)

•Analyze the different types of cancer, and suggest at least three (3) cost-saving strategies to deal with long-term cancer care. Evaluate the pragmatic value of early cancer detection.

In analyzing the different types of cancers we have to categories them into how it affects both males and females. The cancer that affects the males are the lung, prostate and colorectal and woman cancers   are breast, lung and rectal. Cancer are attributed to risk factors which can make provision for early detection, but some cancers with known risks factors occur in the absence of the risk factor for example somebody that has never smoke to be identified with lung cancer. Cancer risk varies according to person’s gender race and ethnicity and men have a lifetime risk higher than women.

My

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