"Epidemiology in a Global Setting” Please respond to the following:
Assessing the study of epidemiology within the U.S. and Third World countries have numerous hindrances for gathering correct and substantial data. Pondering some of the steps that can be taken to improve data collection and epidemiology in Third World countries one would be to execute Millennium Development Goals (MDG) this will assist in helping the country to get the utmost out the restricted resources that are existing within that country at that time. The MDG “address topics that account for disproportionate morbidity in developing countries.” (Macera, Shaffer, & Shaffer, 2013, p. 428, par.2) Another step would be to establish a data collection structure that will capture all the data from everyone regardless as to where they live, in creating a better data collection structure and executing MDG within these Third World countries they will have better epidemiology data and can allocate the minimal resources they have available where they are needed the most.
Macera, C. A., Shaffer, R., & Shaffer, P. M. (2013). The Practice of Epidemiology in Developing Countries. In Introduction to Epidemiology: Distribution and Determinants of Disease (pp. 421-439). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Considering the cost inquired in poor communities to put in place epidemiologic principles as opposed to the lack of health oversight of doing the minimal or nothing at all for these communities, this will significantly increase the prophylactic measures. The epidemiologic principles will help the residents to become healthier, expose them to healthier living arrangements, educate them as to their illness, and other positive things for the patients and the community. Implementation of prophylactic measures should address “the need to balance cultural adaptation and fidelity, the difficulty of forming essential community-research partnerships, and the time lag between documentation [and] implementation [for a] successful adoption.” (National Academies Press (US); 2009) For the community to have a productive infrastructure that has prophylactic measures established within the community, the measures listed above must be considered in the infrastructure.
National Research Council (US) and Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on the Prevention of Mental Disorders and Substance Abuse Among Children, Youth, and Young Adults: Research Advances and Promising Interventions; O'Connell ME, Boat T, Warner KE, editors. Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Among Young People: Progress and Possibilities. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2009. 11, Implementation and Dissemination of Prevention Programs. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK32764/
Epidemiology in the US is extended to endemic communicable diseases and no communicable infectious diseases while in the developing countries it is mostly concerned with epidemics of communicable diseases.
There is an increasing proportion of the population falling into the adult and elderly age groups within the developing countries thus the epidemiological profiles of developing countries is increasingly reflecting the diseases and health problems of adults rather than of children.
Epidemiological methods in the US is having a large are large and largely helpful effect on statistical practice in economic. For the developing countries the scant available on the future burden is a complications.
There is absence of good data on mortality both in the US and developing countries due to the unavailability of the Cause-of-death data unreliable data about cause of death. The Personal behaviors are often changing in ways that increase the chances of developing a chronic disease.
Suggest at least two (2) steps to improve the practice of epidemiology in Third World countries. Provide rationale for your suggestions.
Train and equip the epidemiologists working within these countries on how to obtain reliable data because most of the data are not representative of the whole population, but rather often come from a more privileged segment of the population
Stop focusing only within the Urban-based or hospital-based studies that only represent one segment of the population and generalizing the data because it is the poorer subpopulations of developing countries that are often thought to suffer more from infectious and parasitic disease