HRM 522 WEEK 5 MIDTERM EXAM PART 2 VERSION 1 & 2 (50 QUESTIONS) - 92655

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VERSION 1 Question 1 ________ responsibilities relate to a business’s contributions to stakeholders. Answer Economic Legal Ethical Voluntary Social responsiveness Question 2 Which of the following is not a benefit to businesses of engaging in voluntary responsibilities? Answer Help create an ethical culture and values that can act as a buffer to organizational misconduct Reduce government involvement by providing assistance to stakeholders Develop employee leadership skills Improve employee compensation and retention Improve the quality of life in communities Question 3 The primary objective of U.S. antitrust laws is to Answer protect consumers from high prices and foreign products. protect domestic businesses. protect employees. promote strategies that enhance business welfare over consumer welfare. distinguish competitive strategies that enhance consumer welfare from those that reduce it. Question 4 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Answer prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin. penalizes the top executives in an organization for misconduct. is basically the same as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. discourages whistle-blowers from reporting misconduct. prohibits pay discrimination on the basis of gender. Question 5 Which of the following acts, passed in response to public outrage over conditions described in Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, was the first consumer protection legislation? Answer Civil Rights Act of 1964 Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act of 1974 Consumer Product Safety Act of 1972 Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 Question 6 Which is not one of the four sources of criminal and civil laws? Answer Judicial law Common law Constitutional law Administrative law Statutory law Question 7 ________ tie(s) an organization’s product(s) directly to a social concern through a marketing program. Answer Voluntary contributions Cause-related marketing Strategic philanthropy Corporate giving Employee benefits Question 8 Cause related marketing can affect consumer ________, if consumers are sympathetic to the cause and the brand and cause are seen as a good fit. Answer individual ethics tastes perceptions budgets buying patterns Question 9 Companies take basic ________ and translate them into core ________. Answer Customs, values Values, principles Cultures, principles Cultures, customs Principles, values Question 10 Which of the following is not considered a significant other group in the workplace? Answer Peers Managers Spouses Coworkers Subordinates Question 11 Those who have influence in a work group are referred to as significant others and include Answer peers, managers, coworkers, and subordinates. family members, peers, and coworkers. spouses and friends. employees in similar job situations. employees who hold the same job. Question 12 Which of the following is not an issue that helps in business ethics evaluations and decisions? Answer Ethical issue intensity Individual factors Organizational factors Personal guilt Opportunity Question 13 Which of the following is not one of the six "spheres of influence" to which individuals are subject when confronted with an ethical issue? Answer Educational attainment Workplace Family Legal system Community Question 14 The ________ includes the motivational "carrots and sticks" superiors use to influence employee behavior. Answer Obedience to authority Immediate job context Locus of control Normative approach Descriptive approach Question 15 Normative business ethics takes into account the ________ realities outside the legal realm in the form of industry standards. Answer Descriptive Political Social Economic Normative Question 16 Following the ethical directives of a superior relates to Answer an internal locus of control. obedience to authority. moral intensity. gender. ethical issue intensity Question 17 When a person defines right and wrong on the basis of legal contracts, he or she is using which of Kohlberg's stages of development? Answer Punishment and obedience (1st stage) Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity (3rd stage) Social system and conscience maintenance (4th stage) Prior rights, social contract, or utility (5th stage) Universal ethical principles (6th stage) Question 18 Which moral philosophy is based on the premise that equal respect must be given to all persons? Answer The relativist perspective Deontology Egoism Teleology Utilitarianism Question 19 An individual who emphasizes others rather than himself or herself in making decisions is in which of the following of Kohlberg's stages of development? Answer Universal ethical principles (6th stage) Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity (3rd stage) Social system and conscience maintenance (4th stage) Punishment and obedience (1st stage) Prior rights, social contract, or utility (5th stage) Question 20 Which is the last of Kohlberg's stages of cognitive moral development? Answer Individual instrumental purpose and exchange Need achievement Social system and conscience maintenance Punishment and obedience Universal ethical principles Question 21 ________ justice is based on the evaluation of outcomes or results of the business relationship. Answer Procedural Interactional Distributive Ethical Egotistical Question 22 ________ justice considers the processes and activities that produce the outcome or results. Answer Disruptive Procedural Interactional Communications Evaluative Question 23 A central problem with relativism is Answer that it emphasizes people’s differences, not similarities. that few people believe that these principles are important. that they are very complicated. that they represent unattainable goals. that many feel that virtue ethics only works in theory. Question 24 ________ deals with the issue of what individuals feel they are due based on their rights and performance in the workplace, and therefore is more likely to be based on deontological moral philosophies than on teleological or utilitarian ones. Answer Rights Virtue ethics Justice Relativism Egoism Question 25 Enlightened egoism Answer is when an individual puts spiritual feelings above all others. centers completely on the short-term well-being of others. centers on one's short-term self-interest. centers on one's long-term self-interest but takes others’ well-being into account. centers on the long-term well-being of others VERSION 2 Question 1 The ________ was called “a sweeping overhaul of the financial regulatory system…on a scale not seen since the reforms that followed the Great Depression.” Answer Equal Pay Act Americans with Disabilities Act Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act Age Discrimination in Employment Act VII of the Civil Rights Act Question 2 ________ law not only prohibits specific actions in business such as fraud, theft, or securities trading violations, but also imposes fines or imprisonment as punishment for breaking the law. Answer Civil Criminal Competitive Administrative Regulatory Question 3 ________ is the synergistic and mutually beneficial use of an organization’s core competencies and resources to deal with key stakeholders so as to bring about organizational and societal benefits. Answer Social responsibility Business ethics Corporate philanthropy Strategic philanthropy Cause-related marketing Question 4 The ________ of ethics involves embedding values, norms, and artifacts in organizations, industries, and society. Answer institutionalization rationalization commercialization mobilization enforcement Question 5 The ________ regulates tobacco, dietary supplements, vaccines, veterinary drugs, medical devices, cosmetics, products that give off radiation, and biological products. Answer World Trade Organization Consumer Financial Protection Agency Department of Justice Environmental Protection Agency The Food and Drug Administration Question 6 Which is not one of the four sources of criminal and civil laws? Answer Judicial law Common law Constitutional law Administrative law Statutory law Question 7 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Answer prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin. penalizes the top executives in an organization for misconduct. is basically the same as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. discourages whistle-blowers from reporting misconduct. prohibits pay discrimination on the basis of gender Question 8 Companies that ________ will most likely be found in violation of procompetitive legislation. Answer pollute waterways knowingly harm consumers contract with sweatshops establish monopolies help consumers Question 9 The ________can be defined as a set of values, norms, and artifacts, including ways of solving problems shared by members of an organization. Answer corporate culture intentions of a corporate ethical issue awareness determination of a corporation individual factors Question 10 Which of the following is not considered a significant other group in the workplace? Answer Peers Managers Spouses Coworkers Subordinates Question 11 ______ have been found to decrease unethical practices and increase positive work behavior. Answer High educational attainment levels High levels of community involvement Charismatic leaders Strong religious beliefs Good personal values Question 12 For people who begin the value shift that leads to unethical decisions, which of the following is not a usual justification to reduce and eliminate guilt? Answer I need a paycheck and can't afford to quit right now. Those around me are doing it so why shouldn't I? If I don't do this, I might not be able to get a good reference from my boss when I leave. If I don't do this, I might never be promoted. This is in keeping with my personal morals and the code of conduct, so it is okay. Question 13 Which of the following is the first step in the ethical decision making process? Answer Being socialized into the firm's corporate culture Applying a personal moral philosophy in order to individualize the ethical decision making process Recognizing that an issue requires an individual or work group to make a choice that ultimately will be judged by stakeholders as right or wrong Soliciting the opinions of others in a work group or in the overall business in order to gain feedback Enforcing the firm's ethical standards with rewards and punishment Question 14 The ________ includes the motivational "carrots and sticks" superiors use to influence employee behavior. Answer Obedience to authority Immediate job context Locus of control Normative approach Descriptive approach Question 15 Employees that see themselves as going with the flow because that's all they can do have a(n) Answer external locus of control. moral intensity obedience to authority opportunity internal locus of control Question 16 ________ is the ability to perceive whether a situation or decision has an ethical dimension. Answer Ethical issue intensity Locus of control Ethical awareness Moral intensity Opportunity Question 17 ________ have lower ethical issue sensitivity, meaning they are less likely to detect ethical issues. They may be more committed to completing projects and more dedicated to group values and objectives. Answer Relativists Hedonists Pragmatists Deontologists Teleologists Question 18 Enlightened egoism Answer is when an individual puts spiritual feelings above all others. centers completely on the short-term well-being of others. centers on one's short-term self-interest. centers on one's long-term self-interest but takes others’ well-being into account. centers on the long-term well-being of others Question 19 ________ believe that no one thing is intrinsically good. Answer Hedonists Pluralists Relativists Deontologists Teleologists Question 20 An individual who emphasizes others rather than himself or herself in making decisions is in which of the following of Kohlberg's stages of development? Answer Universal ethical principles (6th stage) Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity (3rd stage) Social system and conscience maintenance (4th stage) Punishment and obedience (1st stage) Prior rights, social contract, or utility (5th stage Question 21 Which moral philosophy evaluates the morality of an action on the basis of its conformity to general moral principles and respect for individual rights? Answer The relativist perspective Act utilitarianism Rule utilitarianism Act deontology Rule deontology Question 22 Which is the last of Kohlberg's stages of cognitive moral development? Answer Individual instrumental purpose and exchange Need achievement Social system and conscience maintenance Punishment and obedience Universal ethical principles Question 23 An individual who believes that an action is ethical because others within his or her company and industry regularly engage in the activity is probably a(n) Answer utilitarian. relativist. teleologist. deontologist. egoist. Question 24 ________ justice considers the processes and activities that produce the outcome or results. Answer Disruptive Procedural Interactional Communications Evaluative Question 25 According to Kohlberg's model, as a person progresses through the stages of moral development, and with time, education, and experience, he/she Answer is unlikely to change his/her values and ethical behavior. may change his/her values and ethical behavior. will likely be promoted. will depend more on the input of significant others in ethical decision making. will experience less opportunity to behave unethically.
Solution Description


VERSION 1
Question 1 
________ responsibilities relate to a business’s contributions to stakeholders.
Answer 
Economic
Legal
Ethical
Voluntary
Social responsiveness
Question 2 
Which of the following is not a benefit to businesses of engaging in voluntary responsibilities?
Answer 
Help create an ethical culture and values that can act as a buffer to organizational misconduct
Reduce government involvement by providing assistance to stakeholders
Develop employee leadership skills
Improve employee compensation and retention
Improve the quality of life in communities
Question 3 
The primary objective of U.S. antitrust laws is to
Answer 
protect consumers from high prices and foreign products.
protect domestic businesses.
protect employees.
promote strategies that enhance business welfare over consumer welfare.
distinguish competitive strategies that enhance consumer welfare from those that reduce it.
Question 4 
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Answer 
prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.
penalizes the top executives in an organization for misconduct.
is basically the same as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
discourages whistle-blowers from reporting misconduct.
prohibits pay discrimination on the basis of gender.
Question 5 
Which of the following acts, passed in response to public outrage over conditions described in Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, was the first consumer protection legislation?
Answer 
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act of 1974
Consumer Product Safety Act of 1972
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
Question 6 
Which is not one of the four sources of criminal and civil laws?
Answer 
Judicial law
Common law
Constitutional law
Administrative law
Statutory law
Question 7 
________ tie(s) an organization’s product(s) directly to a social concern through a marketing program.
Answer 
Voluntary contributions
Cause-related marketing
Strategic philanthropy
Corporate giving
Employee benefits
Question 8 
Cause related marketing can affect consumer ________, if consumers are sympathetic to the cause and the brand and cause are seen as a good fit.
Answer 
individual ethics
tastes
perceptions
budgets
buying patterns
Question 9 
Companies take basic ________ and translate them into core ________.
Answer 
Customs, values
Values, principles
Cultures, principles
Cultures, customs
Principles, values
Question 10 
Which of the following is not considered a significant other group in the workplace?
Answer 
Peers
Managers
Spouses
Coworkers
Subordinates
Question 11 
Those who have influence in a work group are referred to as significant others and include
An

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