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  • Posted on: Mon 18 May, 2020
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Topic: How and Why Drugs Work Prompt: Research a drug that is highly abused in your geographic area and/or job or research a drug that is a general area of interest to you. Discuss psychological and physical dependence to the drug. Who abuses the drug? What factors have contributed to its abuse? What are the effects on individuals, families, and the community that have resulted from the abuse? What strategies have been put in place to reduce the abuse? Are they working? Include any additional comments or concerns related to the drug. NOTE: MORE THAN ONE ANSWER POSTED CHOOSE ANY
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I chose to research a drug that is highly abused in my geographic area. That drug is heroin. In 2018 Southern Ohio was at the center of the heroin epidemic. According to the National Association of Drug Abuse Heroin is highly addictive. The more you use the higher your tolerance, and the more often you have to use to maintain your "normal". An abrupt stop in heroin can cause restlessness, muscle/bone pain, sleep problems, diarrhea / vomiting, cold flashes, uncontrollable leg movements, and heroin cravings. I believe the unique thing about heroin is that the drug has no demographic preference. Users were found to be considered "successful" all the way to homeless individuals.  Given the large demographic this drug effects everyone! Children are losing their parents, mothers and fathers are losing their sons, and daughters. Local officials have put in place the readily accessible drug Narcan, which is used to revive those who have overdosed. The problem with this is, although it is saving the persons life it is being over used. Individuals know that if they overdose they have the Narcan and there is no consequence. One treatment that seems to be helpful is the use of non opioid medicines. These medicines are used to reduce withdrawal symptoms. I have personally been effected by the heroin epidemic. My step sister and her husband were heavily involved in the use of heroin, so far that they lost their children because of it. The have been in recovery for a little over a year, and are currently winning their battle. 


For this forum the drug I have chosen is Crack Cocaine (Crack). Crack is probably the most abused drug other than marijuana where I live and work. “Crack cocaine is a highly addictive and powerful stimulant that is derived from powdered cocaine. Crack is made by dissolving powdered cocaine in a mixture of water and ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda). The mixture is boiled until a solid substance form. It is removed from the liquid, dried, and then broken into the chunks (rocks) that are sold as crack cocaine.” (T, B). A crack rock is typically smoked through some type of small tube also known as a “Crack pipe”. Every day at work I see the effects of Crack on the people that abuse it. In my experience Crack is not only used by people who are homeless or low income. “Individuals of all ages use crack cocaine--data reported in the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse indicate that an estimated 6,222,000 U.S” (Crack Cocaine Fast Facts). Some of the effects of Crack are insomnia, loss of appetite, blurred vision, vomiting, irritability, dilated pupils, violent behavior, etc (T,B). Another effect that I have witnessed is what we call the “zombie walk” or the “crack walk”. After users smoke Crac