HIS 274 test 1 World/European History Exam Answers - 42149

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Question 1(2 points)

Question 1 unsaved

The medieval idea that Christians took the place of Jews as God's chosen people is known as the:

Question 1 options:

Aryan supremacy myth

Crusader ideal

Supersession Myth

Christian inheritance myth


Question 2(2 points)

Question 2 unsaved

A preconceived negative & unfavorable opinion formed against 'another' person or group, based on a stereotype, & held in disregard of the facts; suspicion, intolerance, or irrational hatred of other races, creeds, religions, ethnic groups, homosexuals, the poor, immigrants, etc.

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Question 3(2 points)

Question 3 unsaved

Jews are not a race, as stated by the Nazis, but people who adhered to ______, a system of laws, religion and culture of the Jews; with its concept of ethical/moral conduct monotheism, had a major influence on Christianity, Islam, and Western civilization

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Question 4(2 points)

Question 4 unsaved

In Latin Christendom, resentment and hatred was focused on the stereotype of the Jew possessed by the Devil, having tails and horns, and symbol of Satan, because Christians saw Jews as murderers of Christ, using Christian children's blood for religious ceremonies, and poisoning wells; this imagery of the Jew as Satan/the Devil, derives at first from

Question 4 options:

Christian antisemitism in the Middle Ages

Modern political antisemitism in the 19th century

Himmler's diary


Question 5(2 points)

Question 5 unsaved

Because Jews refused to change their ways and convert during the Middle Ages, non-Jews wondered what they should do about them. "What should we do about this Jewish minority among us?" became:

Question 5 options:

The "Jewish Question"

The "Minority Question"

The "Antisemitic Question"


Question 6(2 points)

Question 6 unsaved

A town areas where Jews were segregated in the 16th century

Question 6 options:

The Jewish Quarter


The Jewish area


Question 7(2 points)

Question 7 unsaved

In his booklet Of the Jews and Their Lies, __________ proposed to set on fire synagogues

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Question 8(2 points)

Question 8 unsaved

From the end of the 18th c. & 19th c., and following the French Revolution and conquests

Question 8 options:

Jews achieved emancipation - legal equality in most European lands

Jews left the ghetto & became successful entrepreneurs, bankers, lawyers

a & b


Question 9(2 points)

Question 9 unsaved

Modern antisemitism has the following contributing factors

Question 9 options:

The 19th c. exclusive romantic movement emphasizing an exclusive nationalism

Racial nationalism, & the class antagonism deriving from modern capitalism

a & b


Question 10(2 points)

Question 10 unsaved

In France, in 1886, Edouard Drumont published one of the best-sellers of the 2nd half of the 19th c., Jewish France, which argued that the Jews had gained control of France, blamed the Jews for capitalism, attributed all the nation's misfortunes to the Jews, & accused them of deicide.
In 1894, this Jewish officer in the French army was falsely accused of treason

Question 10 options:

Alfred Dreyfus

The Baron of Rothschild

Theodor Herzl


Question 11(2 points)

Question 11 unsaved

In Poland, around the middle of the 18th c., in the context of the Haidamak riots -attacks of Ukrainian peasants against Jews, and dozens of blood libels, a new mystical movement with joyful worship, arose within Judaism, founded by Israel Ba'al Shem Tov (Besht)

Question 11 options:


the joyful movement

the mystical movement


Question 12(2 points)

Question 12 unsaved

Austrian Jewish journalist, who, horrified by the antisemitism he witnessed in Paris during the 1894 trial of a French Jewish officer, founded Zionism - Jewish national movement, for a return to Zion, symbolic name to the historic homeland of the Jews

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Question 13(2 points)

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In the 19th c., the German Romantic 'Volkish' movement excluded the Jews as strangers and second-class citizens, because

Question 13 options:

It evoked the image of a mythical golden past, with a supposed superiority

It produced an idealization of the Middle Ages with Christian knights

a & b


Question 14(2 points)

Question 14 unsaved

The belief that race in the 19th c., accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others; discrimination or prejudice based on race.

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Question 15(2 points)

Question 15 unsaved

German composer (1813-83) who fueled racial difference theory; expressed a German nationalistic terminology called volkisch (people-integral nation), in racist terms

Question 15 options:

Richard Wagner




Question 16(2 points)

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Racialist volkish thinkers claimed that the German race was purer than, and therefore superior to, all other races, that

Question 16 options:

Intermarriage between races was contamination

Jews were international conspirators plotting to dominate the world

a & b


Question 17(2 points)

Question 17 unsaved

In the 19th c., a traditional, biased Christian perception of Jews and Judaism was supplemented by national-racial considerations. In mid-19th c., this Frenchman, Arthur de Gobineau, published Essay on the Inequality of Human Races; this author saw in what he called the 'Aryan' race -blond, tall, blue-eyed, a cultural people ___________ to the others

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Question 18(5 points)

Question 18 unsaved

Modern German antisemitism was based on

Question 18 options:


nationalism, racism, & false racial theories


a and c


Question 19(2 points)

Question 19 unsaved

Whereas Christian anti-Judaism believed that through conversion, Jews could escape the curse of their religion, racial antisemites said that Jews were indelibly stained & condemned

Question 19 options:

Because they are guilty of deicide

By their genes: their evil derived from inherited racial characteristics

a and b


Question 20(2 points)

Question 20 unsaved

Antisemitism: 'modern,' 'scientific' term for Jew-hatred & anti-Jewish movement and ideology, in a secular society; (calling Jews a physically and mentally inferior group); this term was first coined & used by this German racial thinker____, in 1879

Question 20 options:

Richard Wagner

Wilhelm Marr

Alfred Dreyfus


Question 21(2 points)

Question 21 unsaved

German land, in the end of the 19th century, saw the rise of political anti-Semitism (using Jews as scapegoat for political & economic problems in order to gain political power); the radical right in political parties

Question 21 options:

Saw Jew-hatred as a popular formula for mobilizing all social classes

Manufactured the myth of the wicked Jew

a & b


Question 22(2 points)

Question 22 unsaved

In the 1920s, the Nazis exploited this book, ____________________, a notorious forgery and a myth about a Jewish conspiracy to take over the world, to justify persecution of the Jews.

Question 22 options:

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion

Jewish France

The Jewish Conspiracy


Question 23(2 points)

Question 23 unsaved

This famous forgery about an international Jewish plot to rule the world, was introduced to the US by

Question 23 options:

Franklin Roosevelt

Henry Ford

Harry Truman


Question 24(4 points)

Question 24 unsaved

On June 28, 1919, the ____ signed with Germany, ended WWI - the Great War, & had profound & far-reaching impact on the infant German republic that had to pay heavy reparations.

Question 24 options:

Treaty of Berlin

Treaty of Versailles

Treaty of verdun


Question 25(2 points)

Question 25 unsaved

The Germans hated the 1919 Treaty ending World War I, because of article 231:

Question 25 options:

The 'Proud Clause' proclaiming the victory of the Allies

The 'War Guilt Clause' blaming them for causing the war

The "War Reparations Clause"


Question 26(2 points)

Question 26 unsaved

According to this treaty, Germany also lost her colonies and large portions of German territory: Alsace-Lorraine to France, and section of Prussia to the new

Question 26 options:

Polish state

French state

Italian state


Question 27(2 points)

Question 27 unsaved

After the Great War (World War I), Friedrich Ebert, the leader of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) proclaimed the establishment of a German democratic state known as ___________________; it was the first time democracy came to Germany; this government which preceded that of the Nazi party, lasted 14 years, 1919-1933.

Question 27 options:

The Weimar Republic, new government of the moderate Left.

The Kaiser Republic, new government of the extreme right

The Kaiser Republic, new government of the extreme left


Question 28(2 points)

Question 28 unsaved

In 1919, Germany was a centralized democratic state ruled by a Reichstag (Parliament); the president appointed the leader of the majority party in the Reichstag as

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Question 29(2 points)

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General Ludendorff explained that the German army was defeated in 1918 by Democrats, Catholic Center party, Socialists and Jews, by an internal enemy; this ______ legend was used by Hitler and the Nazis to undermine the new German democratic government.

Question 29 options:

stab in the back

stab in the ankle

Jewish stab


Question 30(2 points)

Question 30 unsaved

Major Ernst Rohm, typical Freikorps, became leader of the Nazi brown Storm Troops (Sturmabteilung - paramilitary armed formation of the right, composed of vigilantes war veterans, founded by Hitler to protect party gatherings) or the

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Question 31(2 points)

Question 31 unsaved

After Hitler joined a small Volkisch party in 1919, the name of the party was changed to the National Socialist German Worker's party - the Nationalsozialisticsche Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, NSDAP - or

Question 31 options:

the Nazi party

the Deutsche party

the NDA party


Question 32(2 points)

Question 32 unsaved

While in prison, Hitler wrote the first volume of Mein Kampf

Question 32 options:

My Struggle

My dream

My country


Question 33(5 points)

Question 33 unsaved

Hitler's goal was to create a vast empire, based on racial nationalism, ruled by a master race

Question 33 options:

A 1000-year Reich

A 100-year empire

A 100-year Reich


Question 34(5 points)

Question 34 unsaved

Hitler and the Nazis believed that: the Aryans, being a superior race, were meant by nature to rule over the rest of the earth, and are entitled to take others' land; Germany must find ___________ - living space -, for the superior German culture and people.

Question 34 options:


Mein Kampf



Question 35(2 points)

Question 35 unsaved

_______would emerge out of a radical right-wing ultra nationalist politics; it was the totalitarian racist ideology and policies, espoused by Hitler and his National Socialist German Worker's Party's from 1920-45

Question 35 options:





Question 36(5 points)

Question 36 unsaved

New York stock Exchange collapsed in 1929; unemployment was high; the extremist parties were more attractive because of this worldwide economic crisis: _____

Question 36 options:

the Great Depression

the Great Inflation

The Great Economic Crisis


Question 37(2 points)

Question 37 unsaved

Nazi propaganda tied the nonhuman _____ to 'internationalism,' and blamed them for all the evils of the world, democracy, inflation, unemployment, political instability and Communism, as well as Germany's defeat in the Great War.

Question 37 options:





Question 38(5 points)

Question 38 unsaved

The Nazi Party Platform and Nazi propaganda were

Question 38 options:

Anti-Versailles Treaty - attacked the 'November criminals,' against reparations

Anti-Bolshevik, anti-liberal, anti-democratic, racist and antisemitic

For idea of nationalism & volkisch ideology

All the above


Question 39(2 points)

Question 39 unsaved

Nazi propaganda depicted Hitler as a savior sent by destiny, and promising

Question 39 options:

Economic recovery - putting an end to the hyperinflation

To regain Germany's 'proper place' - restoring Germany's strength & pride

a & b


Question 40(5 points)

Question 40 unsaved

In 1932, the right-wing elites, industrial magnates, landed aristocrats, military establishment, & higher bureaucrats believed that Hitler would save Germany and their positions from a Communist takeover. On Jan. 30, 1933, President Hindenburg agreed to allow Hitler to become

Question 40 options:


Chancellor and create a new government


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Solution Description

ANswers to the History exam about European history



  1. Crusade ideal

  2. Prejudice

  3. Judaism

  4. Christian anti-Semitism in the Middle Ages

  5. Jewish question

  6. Ghetto

  7. Martin Luther

  8. a & b

  9. a & b

  10. Alfred Dreyfus

  11. Attachments
    Question 1.docx
    Question 1.docx