HIS 105 WEEK 4 DISCUSSION
Part 1: Post a Response
Various reform groups with various causes developed in the US in the late 1800s and early 1900s; these are loosely called “Progressives” as they aimed to use government policies or science to improve and advance society. Also, this period was a time when the US started as a major player in international conflicts—first in the “Spanish American War and then in World War I. There were deep isolationist sentiments about such overseas entanglements, and President Wilson first has one position and then the other.
Choose and discuss (in a full paragraph or two) one of the following two topics related to the late 1800s and early 1900s.
1. In the Progressive Era (roughly 1890–1920), multiple groups advocated for reforms in various aspects of government, society, and the economy. Discuss here the “muckrakers” and Taylor’s “scientific management”.
o Explain briefly the approach and aim of the “muckrakers” and that of F. W. Taylor.
o Compare their approaches and describe your feelings about them, and relate some modern situation that reminds you of one of these approaches and reform causes.
o Identify the source(s) where you read about the reform cause.
2. From the text, Wilson did not maintain his own campaign slogan (“He kept us out of war”).
o Explain with some specifics why Wilson became pro-war. Describe your own feelings on that issue when you look back at it, and whether he was right to change.
o Briefly, identify a similar international consideration today—or of the last 20 years, and what lesson might be drawn from the example in Wilson’s time.
o Identify the source(s) where you read about Wilson.
NOTE: MORE THAN ONE ANSWERS PROVIDED CHOOSE ANY
The reason President Wilson did not keep his campaign promise and entered into World War 1, was due to the disregard for American lives by the German. On May 7, 1915, a German U-boat sank the British passenger liner R.M.S. Lusitania. This resulted in the deaths of almost 2,000 people. Wilson continued to warn the Germans that if they continued with the submarine warfare, that the United States would have no choice but to intervene. Germany also tried to convince Mexico to join with them so that they could take back Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.
I believe that Wilson did the right thing in taking a stand. Although some people do not think that America had a significant impact on the war, I think otherwise. Just the troops being sent was enough to make the Central Powers realize that they could win the war. The American troops gave the Allies the revitalization that it needed to win. The use of the Indians to keep the messages from being intercepted was genius. This essentially kept the Germans from knowing the moves of the Allies.
I believe that the war against the terrorists in Afghanistan would be an excellent example of the United States not wanting to go into a war but having to for the safety of Americans. Once the two towers got leveled, the United States had no choice but to take a stand and try to fight off the aggressors. I think that many things can be learned from Wilson, like patience and planning. Although he did not want to join in the war, he made the tough decision in the end.
Schultz, K. M. (2017). World War I. In K. M. Schultz, Hist