Sociology and Cultural anthropology both rely on data to analyze their research. Their investigational approaches differ in many ways. This paper will explore the research methods used in sociology and the research methods used in cultural anthropology and also discuss the philosophical justification for these research methods.
Sociology explores an individual’s behavior and how those behaviors are shaped and affected by the societies they take part in. Sociologist use research methods such as participant observation and surveys to collect their data. In participant observation the researcher spends an extended amount of time in the research location, this is also known as field work (sociology.com, 2013). While at the location the researcher’s gathers information while directly interacting with the participants being observed. They immerse themselves into the culture to better understand the participants being studied. Surveys are another method used for social research. Surveys can gather a large amount of information from various types of sou