FIN370 ch-20 week 5 Problem 1
FIN 370 wk 5 Ch. 20 #1
Assistance/HelpCHAPTER 20 Leverage 397Problems 1. Firm A has $10,000 in assets entirely financed with equity. Firm B alsohas $10,000 in assets, but these assets are financed by $5,000 in debt(with a 10 percent rate of interest) and $5,000 in equity. Both firms sell 10,000 units of output at $2.50 per unit. The variable costs of productionare $1, and fixed production costs are $12,000. (To ease the calculation,assume no income tax.)
a. What is the operating income (EBIT) for both firms?
b.What are the earnings after interest?
c. If sales increase by 10 percent to 11,000 units, by what percentage
will each firm’s earnings after interest increase? To answer the question,
determine the earnings after taxes and compute the percentage
increase in these earnings from the answers you derived in part b.
d. Why are the percentage changes different?