Consider the struggle immigrants to the United States faced to learn English in the 20th and 21st century. Compare and contrast the struggles in each century, reflecting particularly on the immigrants in your particular state or region of the world. What factors contributed to immigrants’ success and/or failure in each century? In your opinion, what factors in today’s society make it either easier or more difficult to learn English? You must reference and properly cite the course text and the Labov article in your response. Your citations must be inA.P.A. format.
What I seem to ascertain from the information in the texts is that each century produced different attitudes concerning education and immigrants and that had a large impact on the learning ability of all groups. It was not only the attitudes of the people and government of the United States it was also how the immigrants perceived their arrival in the United States and if they had chosen it to be a short stay or a permanent one. The text talks about how in 1982 Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedom acknowledge the right to speak English or French and their children to be taught in the language of the home, “however, in Quebec schools, children are required to be educated in French (Garcia, 2011, p. 39). This attitude was not exclusive to Quebec “Crawford (1992) traces the development of exclusionary policies in the United States and quotes Theodore Roosevelt who wrote in a World War I appeal: We must have one flag. We must also have but one language” (Roosevelt 1917) (Labov, 1998, p. 368). In the 20th century when the immigrants came to America, they had a deep pride and wanted to keep their languages, either solely or primarily with English as a second language. With the attitude of the government that was adamant about wanting English to be the language of the land, the intent in the 20th centu