# ECO 450 / ECO 450 Week 11 Final Exam Part 1 (Score 100%) - 95272

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Question 1

3 out of 3 points

A worker earns \$2,000 per month before taxes. He pays \$140 per month payroll tax on those wages. In addition, the income taxes on those wages are \$360 per month. On retirement, the worker receives a Social Security pension of \$750 per month. Which of the following statements is true?

a. The worker’s gross replacement rate is 50 percent.
b. The worker’s net replacement rate is 50 percent.
c. The worker’s net replacement rate is 38 percent.
d. The worker’s net replacement rate is 75 percent.

Question 2

3 out of 3 points

The Social Security Act was implemented in the United States in:

a. 1927.
b. 1935.
c. 1947.
d. 1965.

Question 3

3 out of 3 points

The gross replacement rate:

a. measures a worker’s monthly retirement benefit divided by monthly earnings before taxes in the year prior to retirement.
b. measures a worker’s monthly retirement benefit divided by monthly earnings after taxes in the year prior to retirement.
c. is an increasing function of gross monthly earnings prior to retirement.
d. is independent of gross monthly earnings prior to retirement.

Question 4

Social Security tax rates can be reduced if:

a. taxable wages decline.
b. the retirement age is lowered.
c. the retirement age is raised.
d. the work force decreases in size.

Question 5

The Social Security retirement system:

a. is a fully funded pension system.
b. is a tax-financed system that pays benefits from taxes that are invested to return principal and interest to workers when they retire.
c. is a tax-financed retirement system that finances pensions by taxing workers each year and transferring the bulk of rev