Earth Science Quiz 1 - 22238

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Which of the following is NOT one of the main areas of Earth science?

 A. geology 

 

 B. oceanography 

 

 C. astrology 

 

 D. astronomy 

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Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points

 

According to the nebular hypothesis, our solar system formed from a huge rotating cloud made mostly of

 A. carbon and hydrogen. 

 

 B. helium and hydrogen. 

 

 C. oxygen and helium. 

 

 D. nitrogen and oxygen. 

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Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points

 

Which of Earth’s spheres includes the oceans, groundwater, lakes, and glaciers?

 A. atmosphere 

 

 B. biosphere 

 

 C. hydrosphere 

 

 D. geosphere 

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Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points

 

The asthenosphere and lithosphere are parts of Earth’s

 A. geosphere. 

 

 B. biosphere. 

 

 C. hydrosphere. 

 

 D. atmosphere. 

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Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points

 

What are the three main parts of the geosphere?

 A. atmosphere, crust, core 

 

 B. lithosphere, mantle, core 

 

 C. crust, mantle, core 

 

 D. asthenosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere 

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Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points

 

The theory of plate tectonics helps scientists explain

 A. how ocean currents move over Earth’s surface. 

 

 B. why hurricanes occur. 

 

 C. how earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. 

 

 D. why Earth’s mantle is more dense than its crust. 

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Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points

 

A Mercator projection map shows accurate

 A. directions, but has distorted sizes and distances. 

 

 B. distances, sizes, and shapes, but has distortions around the edges. 

 

 C. size, but has distorted distances. 

 

 D. size and accuracy only at the center of the map. 

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Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points

 

Which type of map best shows differences in elevation?

 A. Mercator 

 

 B. Robinson 

 

 C. gnomonic 

 

 D. topographic 

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Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points

 

What receives radio waves from space objects such as quasars?

 A. GPS equipment 

 

 B. Landsat satellites 

 

 C. VLBI equipment 

 

 D. navigation satellites 

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Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points

 

Which of the following would be one of the interacting parts in a weather system?

 A. weather satellite 

 

 B. clouds 

 

 C. tectonic plate 

 

 D. GPS unit 

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Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points

 

Which of the following is an environmental hazard created by humans?

 A. air pollution 

 

 B. flood 

 

 C. hurricane 

 

 D. drought 

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Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points

 

A scientific hypothesis can become a theory if

 A. the entire scientific community accepts it. 

 

 B. the hypothesis is tested extensively and competing hypotheses are eliminated. 

 

 C. there are no other competing hypotheses. 

 

 D. the hypothesis can be tested at least once. 

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Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points

 

When elements are more stable in a combined form, which of the following forms?

 A. atoms  

 

 B. metals 

 

 C. nuclei 

 

 D. compounds 

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Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points

 

Isotopes are atoms of an element

 A. with the same number of electrons but different numbers of protons. 

 

 B. that are radioactive. 

 

 C. with a magnetic charge. 

 

 D. with the same number of protons but different number of neutrons. 

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Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points

 

Chemical bonds are likely to form when

 A two atoms have the same number of electrons.. 

 

 B. an atom’s outer energy level doesn’t have the maximum number of electrons. 

 

 C. an atom’s nucleus has the same number of protons as neutrons. 

 

 D. an atom’s outer energy level is filled. 

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Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points

Solution Description

A scientific hypothesis can become a theory if

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Earth Science Week One Quiz.docx
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