Devry psyc110/ psyc110 Chapter 05 preTest latest (Score 100%) - 94667

Solution Posted by
anjis_devis

anjis_devis

Rating : (20)B
Solution Detail
Price: $18.00
  • From: Social Sciences, Psychology
  • Posted on: Wed 06 Jan, 2016
  • Request id: None
  • Purchased: 0 time(s)
  • Average Rating: No rating
Request Description
Question 1) _ is learning new behavior by watching a model perform that behavior. Observational learning Vicarious conditioning Partial reinforcement effect Learning/performance distinction 2) Which psychologist is best known for working with children and a Bobo doll to study whether aggressive behavior is learned by watching others be aggressive? Martin Seligman Albert Bandura B. F. Skinner Edward Tolman 3) Which of the following is one of Bandura’s elements of observational learning? mastery flattery perception memory 4) _________ is the disappearance or weakening of a learned response following the removal or absence of the unconditioned stimulus (in classical conditioning) or the removal of a reinforcer (in operant conditioning). Extinction Stimulus discrimination Spontaneous recovery Stimulus generalization 5) Birds, who find their food by sight, will avoid any object or insect that simply looks like the one that made them sick. This is a result of: reflex. maturation. biological preparedness. operant conditioning. 6) The cognitive perspective of classical conditioning involves: the mental activity of consciously expecting something else to occur. the ability of animals to learn new information. the mental activity of analyzing another's behavior and making a choice to copy that behavior. biological preparedness. 7) Pavlov initially set out to study his dogs’ ___________. brain activity circulatory systems social behavior digestive systems 8) In his classical conditioning experiment, Pavlov's dogs were conditioned to salivate when they: smelled their food. saw their trainers. heard the sound of the metronome. saw their food bowl. 9) A naturally occurring stimulus that leads to an involuntary (reflex) response is a/an: unconditioned stimulus. neutral stimulus. conditioned stimulus. unconditioned response. 10) Whenever Vernon comes home too late on a Saturday night, his parents refuse to give him his weekly allowance. Vernon's parents are using what technique to modify his behavior? punishment by removal negative reinforcement secondary reinforcement punishment by application 11) Carla was bitten by a dog when she was a toddler. She's older now, but still backs up in fear whenever a dog approaches her. This is an example of: biological preparedness. stimulus substitution. vicarious conditioning. conditioned emotional response. 12) In a later modification of the classic Bobo doll experiment, the children who had seena model beat up the doll and then get rewarded showed aggression toward the doll. Another group had seen the model get punished rather than rewarded. Which of the following statements is true about these other children? They did not beat up the doll until offered a reward to demonstrate what the model had done. They refused to beat up the doll under any circumstances. They beat up the doll but denied doing so when asked about it. Half of them beat up the doll and half did not. 13) A teacher has decided to give “caught being good” tickets to her students when they behave according to class rules. This teacher also rewards students with gold stars each time they improve their math speed. This teacher is using: operant conditioning. punishment and classical conditioning. classical conditioning. observational learning. 14) After having many cavities fixed as a child, Kyle now has an active dislike of the dentist's drill. His tendency to become anxious when hearing a similar-sounding noise is termed: a reinforcer. higher-order conditioning. stimulus generalization. spontaneous recovery. 15) In a(n) ________, the occurrence of reinforcement is more predictable and therefore the individual being reinforced is more likely to adjust his response to the timing of the reinforcement. interval schedule fixed interval schedule of reinforcement variable interval schedule of reinforcement ratio schedule 16) Small steps in behavior that are reinforced, one after the other, to create a particular goal behavior are known as: secondary reinforcers. successive approximations. discriminative stimuli. successive reinforcers. 17) It is believed that animals revert eventually to instinctual behaviors when the new tasks they are learning have a strong association with: extinct behaviors. caring for their young. obtaining food. other animals. 18) The law of effect states if an action is followed by a pleasurable consequence, the action is likely to: be repeated. reduce pain. become a cognitive expectation. be remembered. 19) What are the two kinds of behavior that all organisms are capable of? reckless and controlled involuntary and voluntary actions and basic survival instincts pleasant and unpleasant 20) Changes such as an increase in height or the size of the brain are called: reflex. maturation. unconditioned response. classical conditioning. 21) In Seligman's study on dogs, the dogs that were not conditioned to fear the tone: showed distress when the tone sounded. jumped over the fence when the tone sounded. jumped over the fence when the shock started. refused to move even after the shock started. 22) Learning that remains hidden until its application becomes useful is called: a learning curve. insight learning. conditioned learning. latent learning. 23) In Köhler's experiment, Sultan the chimp first used just one stick that was lying in his cage to rake the banana into the cage, and then he learned to fit two sticks together to reach a banana placed farther away. This was an example of: latent learning. classical conditioning. insight. trial-and-error learning. 24) Further studies that followed Köhler’s work with chimpanzees: have found support for the concept of animal insight. have shown that chimpanzees are the only animals that have insight. have found no support for the concept of animal insight. 25) In his study of rats in mazes, Tolman concluded that the rats in the group that did not receive reinforcement for solving the maze had: been more motivated by the variable interval schedule of reinforcement. learned to expect reinforcement every tenth day. more interest in the reinforcement than did the other groups. learned the maze by wandering around in it and forming a cognitive map.
Solution Description

Question

1) _ is learning new behavior by watching a model perform that behavior.

Observational learning

Vicarious conditioning

Partial reinforcement effect

Learning/performance distinction

2) Which psychologist is best known for working with children and a Bobo doll to study whether aggressive behavior is learned by watching others be aggressive?

Martin Seligman

Albert Bandura

B. F. Skinner

Edward Tolman

3) Which of the following is one of Bandura’s elements of observational learning?

mastery

flattery

perception

memory

4) _________ is the disappearance or weakening of a learned response following the removal or absence of the unconditioned stimulus (in classical conditioning) or the removal of a reinforcer (in operant conditioning).

Extinction

Stimulus discrimination

Spontaneous recovery

Stimulus generalization

5) Birds, who find their food by sight, will avoid any object or insect that simply looks like the one that made them sick. This is a result of:

reflex.

maturation.

biological preparedness.

operant conditioning.

6) The cognitive perspective of classical conditioning involves:

the mental activity of consciously expecting something else to occur.

the ability of animals t

Attachments
devry_psyc110_Chapter_05_preTest_latest_2015.docx
devry_psyc110_C...