Curbing Childhood Obesity: Traditional vs. Modern Solution
It is a scientifically established fact, that, obesity is abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat in the body that may lead to health-impairment. It is one of the major health challenges of the 21st century. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it has doubled since 1980. What is more concerning is the alarming increase of obesity in children, as they are at a higher risk of growing up into obese adults. Obesity poses serious health and psychological problems to children which have short as well as long-term impacts. Obese and overweight children are seen to grow-up into obese adults. They have premature mortality, high blood-pressure, type-two-diabetes, less agility, lower self-esteem and many other health-issues. The reasons behind it are mainly associated with the unhealthy lifestyle (diet, sleep...) and decreased physical activities. It is very difficult to lose so many extra kilos once accumulated in the body. Here, the gravity of childhood obesity will be explored; and the traditional diet centric way of solving this epidemic will be compared and contrasted to the modern multifaceted way of curbing childhood obesity.
The National Child Measurement Program (NCMP) conducted a research in 2012/13 according to which 18.9% of children (aged 10-11) were obese while 14.4% were overweight. In the age group 4-5 years, 9.3% were obese while 13% were overweight (NCMP, 2012-13) Data from Health Survey for England (HSE), which cover a wider range, bring to light the fact that around 28% of children in the age group 2-15 are either overweight or obese (HSE, 2012). The Body Mass Index (BMI) is calculated to determine whether a child is overweight or not. However, children have a varying nature of weight-gain, which is gender-specific, so only BMI calculation cannot be taken as the