CJUS500-Ch.1: What Is the Criminal Justice System? STUDY GUIDE - 100528

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Reference format: Masters, Ruth. (2021). Criminal Justice Realities & Challenges. (4th ed.) Course: CJUS500 -Criminal Justice Integration (LUO) Chapter 1: What Is the Criminal Justice System? Summary Study Guide After reading this chapter, you should be able to: [detailed information provided about each major section based on test information] ? Illustrate how social norms help us define crime. ? Define crime and explain how it is classified. ? Describe the consequences of crime for the offender and the victim. ? Outline the basic structure of the criminal justice system. ? Describe key models of the workings of the criminal justice system. ? Describe how criminal justice is influenced by public opinion, the media, politics, and policy. ? Review the challenges to the criminal justice system today. KEY TERMS DEFINED WITHIN: alternative sentence 14 crime control model 18 federal courts 13 appellate courts 13 crime prevention 18 mala in se 8 conflict perspective 8 criminal justice system 11 mala prohibita 8 consensus perspective 8 deviance 5 moral panic 21 corrections 14 due process model 18 norm 5 parole 14 secondary victims 15 statutory crime 8 probation 14 social norm 5 victim advocate 15 sanctions 10 state courts 13 victim impact statement 15 victim services 14 wedding cake model 17 Test Questions: 1. Norms can a. inform us as to what behaviors are acceptable. b. clarify what behaviors are unacceptable. c. vary according to culture. d. all of the above 2. All of the following are formal negative sanctions delivered in response to criminal behavior except a. incarceration. b. court requirement of drug treatment. c. dirty looks. d. probation. 3. A true statement about victims in the U.S. criminal justice system is that a. most of the time, victims and criminals are of the same race, class, and age. b. historically, victims were neglected and abused by the criminal justice system. c. today victims participate more in the criminal justice process and can receive money for their injuries and losses. d. all of the above 4. The model illustrating that most criminal cases do not go through the trial process is the a. crime control model. b. due process model. c. wedding cake model. d. conflict model. 5. A person who believes that the focus of the criminal justice system should be on protecting individual rights and freedoms is a believer in the a. due process model. b. crime control model. c. United Nations model. d. criminology model. 6. All of the following have given substantial support to the victims’ rights movement except a. drug and alcohol movements. b. law-and-order movements. c. women’s movements. d. victim-oriented coalitions. 7. Laws are examples of a. statistical norms. b. informal social norms. c. cultural norms. d. formal norms. 8. The perspective that sees laws defining crime as the product of social agreement about criminal behavior is the a. conflict perspective. b. consensus perspective. c. wedding cake model. d. crime control model. 9. Based on who in reality is most likely to be victimized, the group that should be most fearful of crime is a. women. b. older individuals. c. young men. d. children. 10. All of the following are true of media coverage of crime except a. media reporting is sensational. b. media reporting accurately represents criminal behavior. c. media reporting affects people’s fear of crime. d. media reporting focuses on violent crimes.
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Reference format: Masters, Ruth. (2021). Criminal Justice Realities & Challenges. (4th ed.)

Course: CJUS500 -Criminal Justice Integration (LUO)

Chapter 1: What Is the Criminal Justice System?

Summary Study Guide

 

After reading this chapter, you should be able to: [detailed information provided about each major section based on test information]

  • Illustrate how social norms help us define crime.
  • Define crime and explain how it is classified.
  • Describe the consequences of crime for the offender and the victim.
  • Outline the basic structure of the criminal justice system.
  • Describe key models of the workings of the criminal justice system.
  • Describe how criminal justice is influenced by public opinion, the media, politics, and policy.
  • Review the challenges to the criminal justice system today.

KEY TERMS DEFINED WITHIN:

alternative sentence 14

crime c