CJA/374 Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis - 89790

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Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis





Juvenile and Adult Courts: A Comparative Analysis


      In the United States, there exists a complex court system. This system punishes and helps to rehabilitate individuals who have broken the law or solve a dispute between people or businesses. In this system, there is a juvenile court system that is separate from the adult court system also known as a criminal court. In early America juveniles were tried the same as an adult. It wasn’t until 1899 when the state of Illinois passed the Juvenile Court Act of 1899. ("The Juvenile Justice System Was Founded On the Concept of Rehabilitation through Individualized Justice", 1999).  The new act ensured that juveniles were tried in a separate court system than adults because of their tender nature, and their possibility for rehabilitation before adulthood.  That system still exists in modern times with many changes that have enhanced how juveniles are treated in the eyes of the law. Juveniles are charges as such unless there is a law that they can be charged as an adult for certain reasons or certain crimes. In those cases, they will be then transferred into adult court, which looks at punishment and rehabilitation in a very different way.



      Juvenile Court and