BUSINESS QUESTIONS (100% PERFECT ANSWER) - 94254

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Question 1.1. Which of the following examples best illustrates the boundary exchanges a company would encounter according to the general systems theory? (Points : 1) An industrial company installs new equipment in its plant to comply with environmental regulations. A software company develops an application for a client. A purchasing department employee negotiates a price on parts from a supplier. All of the above. Question 2.2. Corporations that run their operations according to the stakeholder theory of the firm create value by: (Points : 1) Innovating new products. Increasing their stock price. Developing their employees' professional skills. All of the above. Question 3.3. The fiduciary duty of managers benefits a firm's: (Points : 1) Stockholders. Customers. Employees. All of the above. Question 4.4. A number of European countries require public companies to include employee members on their boards of directors, so: (Points : 1) The employees are available to answer questions. Management does not have to attend the meetings. That their interests will be explicitly represented. They have more power than any other stakeholder. Question 5.5. The phenomenon of a person or group holding multiple stakeholder duties is referred to as: (Points : 1) Role sets. Primary Stakeholder(s). Ownership Theory. None of the above. Question 6.6. Which of the following statements is(are) correct about stakeholders' power? (Points : 1) Different stakeholders have different types and degrees of power. Stockholders' voting power is limited to the percentage of stock owned by the stockholder. It uses resources to achieve a desired decision or outcome. All of the above. Question 7.7. When a community group sues a company for health effects caused by the unsafe disposal of toxic chemicals, this is an exercise of a stakeholder's: (Points :1) Legal power. Voting power. Economic power. Political power. Question 8.8. With the explosive growth of technologies that facilitate the sharing of information, this kind of stakeholder power has become increasingly important:(Points : 1) Economic power. Political power. Informational power. Legal power. Question 9.9. What stakeholder group(s) can exercise legal power? (Points : 1) Employees. Customers. Shareholders. All of the above. Question 10.10. Stakeholders stand out to managers when they exhibit: (Points : 1) Integrity, power, and legitimacy. Power, legitimacy, and urgency. Integrity, loyalty, and power. Legitimacy, loyalty, and urgency. Question 11.11. Interactions between business and society occur: (Points : 1) Within a finite natural ecosystem. Only during an environmental crisis. When business employees and the community are of similar cultural backgrounds. When legislation is passed requiring interaction. Question 12.12. The emergence of a public issue indicates that: (Points : 1) A gap has developed between what stakeholders expect and what an organization is actually doing. Technology is forcing ethics and business strategy closer together. Consumers are unaware of how an organization's actions affect them. All of the above. Question 13.13. According to management scholar Karl Albrecht, scanning to acquire environmental intelligence should focus on: (Points : 1) Eight strategic radar screens. Six management templates. Eight process improvement models. Six ethical decision indicators. Question 14.14. An analysis of the stability or instability of a government is an example of scanning the: (Points : 1) Social environment. Legal environment. Geophysical environment. Political environment. Question 15.15. The & quot; graying & quot; of the population is an example of: (Points : 1) Customer environment. Competitor environment. Economic environment. Social environment. Question 16.16. Legal environmental intelligence includes: (Points : 1) Patterns of aggressive growth versus static maintenance. Analysis of local, state, national, and international politics. Considerations of patents, copyrights, or trademarks. Information regarding costs, prices, and international trade. Question 17.17. The role of special interest groups is an important element in acquiring intelligence from the: (Points : 1) Customer environment. Competitor environment. Economic environment. Social environment. Question 18.18. The issue management process has how may stages? (Points : 1) Three. Four. Five. Six. Question 19.19. An issue's public profile indicates to managers: (Points : 1) How significant an issue is for the organization, but it does not tell them what to do. Both how significant an issue is for the organization and exactly what to do. Exactly what to do without indicators of how significant an issue is for the organization. Any of the above depending on the organization type. Question 20.20. Contemporary issue management: (Points : 1) Is a linear process. Was useful in the 1970s, but not today. Is used by all government agencies. Is an interactive, forward thinking process. Question 21.21. Overtime, the nature of business's relationship with its stakeholders often: (Points : 1) Remains static. Evolves through a series of stages. Becomes more hostile. None of the above. Question 22.22. Proactive companies are: (Points : 1) Much less likely to be blindsided by crises and negative surprises. Much more likely to be blindsided by crises and negative surprises. Just as likely to be blindsided by crises and negative surprises. Much more likely to be forced to defend itself in a lawsuit brought by a stakeholder. Question 23.23. The drivers of stakeholders of engagement are: (Points : 1) Scanning, assessment, and growth. Data, strategy, and organizational development. Goals, motivation, and operational capacity. Financial, operational, and legal. Question 24.24. Corporate power refers to: (Points : 1) The capability of competitors to influence legislation, trade, and the stock market, based on their organizational resources. The capability of politicians to influence corporations, employees, and unions, based on their organizational resources. The capability of corporations to influence government, the economy, and society, based on their organizational resources. The capability of CEOs to influence product development, employee morale, and currency indices, based on their organizational resources. Question 25.25. Which of the following statements is true about corporate social responsibility? (Points : 1) Businesses should monitor and prevent social problems in advance of their becoming major issues. A company should seek maximum profits from its operations in order to provide the best for society. Corporations should be accountable for any actions that affect people, their communities, and the environment. Both A and C, but not B. Question 26.26. Modern corporations should be socially responsible because they:(Points : 1) Are responsible to the stockholders of the company. Create jobs, influencing the lives of employees. Are highly profitable. Generate dividends for the company stockholders. Question 27.27. Philanthropic funding and public relations are two examples of corporate social responsibility: (Points : 1) Drivers of the Corporate Social Responsiveness phase. Policy instruments of the Corporate Social Stewardship phase. Policy instruments of the Corporate Social Responsiveness phase. Drivers of the Charity Principle phase. Question 28.28. Which of the following examples does not show a company guided by enlightened self-interest? (Points : 1) A company providing the best quality product at a fair price. A company providing assistance to employees who attend evening college. A company breaking past records by maximizing quarterly profits. A company vice-president invited to attend a local community's town planning meeting. Question 29.29. Scholars have found: (Points : 1) No relationship between social and financial performance. A negative relationship between social and financial performance. An inverse relationship between social and financial performance. A positive association between social and financial performance. Question 30.30. According to Barlow v. A.P. Smith Manufacturing: (Points : 1) The laws prohibited charitable contributions, at that time. Charitable contributions were bad corporate investments for the short term. Socially responsible actions must be approved by a majority of the firm's stakeholders. Socially responsible actions are in investment in the future, thus an allowable expense. Question 31.31. The costs of corporate social responsibility may ultimately be passed on to the: (Points : 1) Employees through fewer health benefits. Consumer through high prices. Investor through stock splits. Taxpayers by the government. Question 32.32. .A social enterprise: (Points : 1) Adopts social benefit as its core mission. Adopts profit maximization as its core mission. Can only be adopted by small firms. Does not use business strategies to improve environmental well-being. Question 33.33. This occurs when financial organizations provide loans to low income clients or solidarity lending groups (a community of borrowers) who traditionally lacked access to banking or related services. (Points : 1) Commercial banking. Macrofinancing. Microfinancing. Micro-entrepreneurship. Question 34.34. People's ethical beliefs come from: (Points : 1) Legislative action and judicial decisions. Reading the company's profit and loss statements. Their religious background, family, and education. The organization's code of ethics. Question 35.35. Businesses are expected to be ethical in their relationships with: (Points : 1) Stockholders. Customers. Competitors. All of the above. Question 36.36. Under the U.S. Corporate Sentencing Guidelines, if a firm has developed a strong ethics program, corporate executives found guilty of criminal activity may have their sentence: (Points : 1) Increased. Reduced. Unaffected. Decided by the company. Question 37.37. .In a 2010 study of 400 companies, what percentage of firms said the benefits of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act outweighed its costs? (Points : 1) 12% 33% 55% 70% Question 38.38. Which of the following examples best illustrate an ethics issue based on cross-cultural contradictions? (Points : 1) Legally marketing a pesticide abroad that has been banned in the U.S. Circumventing government regulations to ensure company profits. Hiring child workers in violation of civil law. False and misleading advertising claims. Question 39.39. Scholars found that spirituality: (Points : 1) Negatively affects employee and organizational performance. Positively affects employee and organizational performance. Has no affect on employee and organizational performance. Only affects the employee performance of not for profit organizations. Question 40.40. Mature adults typically base their ethical reasoning on broad principles and relationships such as: (Points : 1) Human rights and constitutional guarantees of human dignity. Universal principles of justice. Customs and traditions show by their peers. Both A and B, but not C. Question 41.41. When the benefits of an action outweigh its costs, the action is considered ethically preferred according to: (Points : 1) Utilitarian reasoning. Virtue ethics. Theological reasoning. Plato and Aristotle. Question 42.42. At the core of rights reasoning is the belief that: (Points : 1) The company's right to a profit must be protected. Respecting others is the essence of human rights. The right to join a union is no longer universally accepted. Economic and political powers determine who is right. Question 43.43. Which of the following is not true about justice reasoning? (Points :1) The reasoner is interested in the net value of benefits. The reasoner considers who pays the costs and who receives the benefits. The reasoner seeks a fair distribution to all affected. The reasoner relies upon some accepted rule or standard. Question 44.44. The unspoken understanding among employees of what is and is not acceptable behavior is called: (Points : 1) Ethical climate. Efficiency. Success. Rites and rituals. Question 45.45. If a manger approaches ethics with benevolence in mind, he or she would stress what? (Points : 1) Friendly relations with an employee. Company rules and procedures. Laws and professional codes. Economic efficiency. Question 46.46. All of the following are commitments of the Principles of the Code of Professional Conduct of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants except: (Points : 1) The Public Interest. Objectivity and Independence. Due Process. Due Care. Question 47.47. When a bank employee makes trades using the firm's money without its authorization, the practice is called: (Points : 1) Rogue accounting. Rogue trading. Ponzi scheme. Imbalanced banking. Question 48.48. A company that channels employee behavior in a lawful direction by emphasizing the threat of detection and punishment is: (Points : 1) Operating under the compliance-based approach. Practicing "tone at the top." Operating under the integrity-based approach. Operating under the instrumental policy approach. Question 49.49. In the United States and Latin America, ethics policies were found to be primarily: (Points : 1) Informational - providing guidance for recommended ethical activity with the company. Instrumental - providing rules and procedures for employees to follow to adhere policy and law. Social - providing a framework for ethical interaction between employees and customers. General - providing basic definitions of ethical decision-making. Question 50.50. Most ethics or compliance officers are generally entrusted to: (Points : 1) Act as a liaison between the company and the Securities and Exchange Commission. Reduce the risks to the company of employee misconduct. Annually distribute copies of the company's code of ethics to all interested stakeholders. Arrange for ethics training for employees at a nearby university. Question 51.51. Which of the following is a typical practice in an ethics audit procedure? (Points : 1) The auditor notes any deviations from the company's ethics standards that become evident during the ethics audit. The auditor brings deviations to the attention of the audit supervisor. Department managers are required to file a report with the auditor on the corrective action they took to deal with the deviation. All of the above. Question 52.52. One of the most widespread and potentially powerful efforts to combat bribery was initiated by: (Points : 1) The Global Forum on Fighting Corruption. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. International Labour Organization. The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Policy Act. Question 53.53. Which U.S. Act prohibits executives representing U.S.-based companies from paying bribes to foreign government officials, political parties, or political candidates: (Points : 1) The USA Patriot Act. The UK Bribery Act. The Corruption of Foreign Officials Act. The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Question 54.54. .The Interactive Digital Software Association case exemplifies: (Points : 1) The idea that laws cannot always define proper action. The idea that ethical principles are broader than laws. Industries preempting legislation and voluntarily adopting ethically based practices. All of the above. Question 55.55. Which of the following is not an example of a white-collar crime? (Points : 1) Embezzlement. Check fraud. Theft Money laundering
Solution Description

Question 1.1. Which of the following examples best illustrates the boundary exchanges a company would encounter according to the general systems theory? (Points : 1)
An industrial company installs new equipment in its plant to comply with
environmental regulations.
A software company develops an application for a client.
A purchasing department employee negotiates a price on parts from a supplier.
All of the above.
Question 2.2. Corporations that run their operations according to the stakeholder theory of the firm create value by: (Points : 1)
Innovating new products.
Increasing their stock price.
Developing their employees' professional skills.
All of the above.
Question 3.3. The fiduciary duty of managers benefits a firm's: (Points : 1)
Stockholders.
Customers.
Employees.
All of the above.
Question 4.4. A number of European countries require public companies to include employee members on their boards of directors, so: (Points : 1)
The employees are available to answer questions.
Management does not have to attend the meetings.
That their interests will be explicitly represented.
They have more power than any other stakeholder.
Question 5.5. The phenomenon of a person or group holding multiple stakeholder duties is referred to as: (Points : 1)
Role sets.
Primary Stakeholder(s).
Ownership Theory.
None of the above.
Question 6.6. Which of the following statements is(are) correct about stakeholders' power? (Points : 1)
Different stakeholders have different types and degrees of power.
Stockholders' voting power is limited to the percentage of stock owned by the stockholder.
It uses resources to achieve a desired decision or outcome.
All of the above.
Question 7.7. When a community group sues a company for health effects caused by the unsafe disposal of toxic chemicals, this is an exercise of a stakeholder's: (Points :1)
Legal power.
Voting power.
Economic power.
Political power.
Question 8.8. With the explosive growth of technologies that facilitate the sharing of information, this kind of stakeholder power has become increasingly important:(Points : 1)
Economic power.
Political power.
Informational power.
Legal power.
Question 9.9. What stakeholder group(s) can exercise legal power? (Points : 1)
Employees.
Customers.
Shareholders.
All of the above.
Question 10.10. Stakeholders stand out to managers when they exhibit: (Points : 1)
Integrity, power, and legitimacy.
Power, legitimacy, and urgency.
Integrity, loyalty, and power.
Legitimacy, loyalty, and urgency.
Question 11.11. Interactions between business and society occur: (Points : 1)
Within a finite natural ecosystem.
Only during an environmental crisis.
When business employees and the community are of similar cultural backgrounds.
When legislation is passed requiring interaction.
Question 12.12. The emergence of a public issue indicates that: (Points : 1)
A gap has developed between what stakeholders expect and what an organization is actually doing.
Technology is forcing ethics and business strategy closer together.
Consumers are unaware