BAM550 ALL 100 QUESTION (100% ANSWER) - 89597

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Leadership Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet) 1. Which of the following statements is incorrect? The idea of "one-man leadership" is a contradiction in terms Leadership is a social influence process shared among all members of a group Followers are part of the leadership process Leadership is restricted to the influence exerted by someone in a particular role 2. Among the following, ideal followers are more likely to be perceived as Independent Forward-looking Inspiring Innovative 3. Which of the following statements about "common sense" is false? Effective leadership must be something more than just common sense What seems obvious after you know the results and what you would have predicted beforehand are not the same thing One of the challenges of understanding leadership is to know when common sense applies and when it does not The term "common sense" implies practical knowledge about life that most people have not yet acquired 4. Which of the following statements is false? One needs nothing more than common sense to be a good leader Leaders need to recognize that others' views are useful Leaders need to recognize when times change and a new direction is called for One of the challenges of understanding leadership is to know when common sense applies and when it does not 5. Being a leader is either in one's genes or not. Which of the following statement is true? Innate factors more than formative experiences influence leadership Leadership is either innate or acquired, not both Typically most individuals can be categorized based on their innate qualities as leaders and non-leaders Each person can make the most of leadership opportunities he or she faces 6. Identify a myth associated with leadership development. Good leadership is knowing when common sense applies and when it does not Good leaders are born with the traits and abilities, which make them successful leaders You can only learn leadership by observing it Learning to be a better leader depends on the richness of one's experience and the ability and desire to learn 7. Which of the following is not a common myth about leadership development? Good leadership is all common sense Leaders are born, not made Leadership can only be taught You can only learn leadership from experience 8. The change in organizational practices can be attributed to Appointing women to leadership positions, which is a departure from past practices The fact that womens' attitudes have become similar to those of men Womens' self-reports of traits such as assertiveness Legislation prohibiting gender-based discrimination at work 9. A trend toward less stereotypically masculine characterizations of leadership is representative of the fact that Leadership roles have changed Women themselves have changed Organizational practices have changed Culture has changed 10. Encouraging innovation, growth and development and redefined tasks and responsibilities best describes a Leader Manager Manager in a later stage of development Leader-manager integrated role 11. Leaders Tend to accept the definitions of situations presented to them Encourage growth and development in their followers in ways broader than mere job training Emphasize routinization and control of followers' behavior Motivate followers more with extrinsic, even contractual consequences, both positive and negative 12. Leaders Work hard for cooperation Give clear direction Give overlapping and ambiguous assignments Focus on control and results 13. Leaders, as compared to managers, tend to assess their followers' performance Less in terms of personal criteria More in terms of specific criteria Less in terms of holistic criteria More in terms of idiosyncratic criteria 14. Leaders redefine the parameters of tasks and responsibilities, both for individual followers and for the entire group by all the following ways except Taking a short-term perspective Actively change the situations they are in Through accentuating critical values By marshaling energy to cope with some new threat 15. Which of the following statements concerning the manager's role in manager-follower-situation interactions is true? Managers tend to reject the definitions of situations presented to them Managers tend to assign broader rather than narrower tasks for followers to perform Managers assess their followers' performance in terms of fairly general job descri ptions Managers make sure followers conform to policies or procedures 16. The most commonly cited developmental challenge mentioned by managers, which while adding to personal pressure, also contributed to professional growth are Travel requirements The responsibility of meeting deadlines Tasks with the possibility of success and failure Putting in longer hours at work 17. Successful executives mention all of the following as negative feelings while describing how they feel while working through potent developmental experiences except feeling: Uncertain Overwhelmed Fearful Challenged 18. In the process of "learning to learn from experience", people operating in the stabilizing period must Overcome the caution generated by ongoing success Overcome the tension of challenging what they do not know how to do Attempt at learning a new set of responses and strategies Let go of short-term expectations in favor of more long-term learning 19. The content of leadership programs at the university-level Gives subordinates feedback about their progress Provides a survey of the major leadership findings Focuses on strategic planning Focuses on how to train subordinates 20. __ consist of descriptions of various leadership situations and are used as a vehicle for leadership discussions. Simulations Role playing Case studies Games 2l. What is the advantage of role playing as a leadership concept? Individualized feedback to students through leadership behavior ratings Depict the challenges commonly faced in the work environment Used as a vehicle for leadership discussions Greater transferabiIity to the workplace 22. Improving interpersonal, oral-communication and written-communication skills are a part of leadership training programs for Mid-level managers First-level supervisors Colleges or universities Maintenance personnel 23. This technique wherein participants are given a limited amount of time prioritize and respond to a number of notes, is particularly useful in assessing and improving a manager's planning and time management skills. Simulations Role playing In-basket exercises Case studies 24. In leaderless group discussions, facilitators and observers rate participants, which are used to provide managers with feedback about their Supervisory skills Interpersonal skills Planning skills Time management skills 25. These represent the most sophisticated and expensive method for assessing leadership potential. Internet measures Structured interviews Paper-and-pencil measures Assessment centers 26. What is the purpose of modern-day assessment centers? To select officers for the military To assess, identify and develop leadership potential To select civil servants for the government To select special agents and spies 27. What is the first step in improving the bench strength of the leaders within an organization? To promote the right people To cultivate employee loyalty To be up-to-date with the latest developments in technology To evaluate and reward its leaders 28. How can one differentiate between successful and unsuccessful leaders? By the attributes of their followers By the attributes they possess By the productivity of their followers By the behaviors they exhibit 29. What is a disadvantage of judging the effectiveness of a leader based on the subordinates' ratings? Results are due to factors beyond leaders' control There may be no links between ratings and unit performance Raters' unwillingness to provide tough feedback Raters are unaware of true performance 30. What is the advantage of judging the effectiveness of a leader based on superiors' ratings? Multiple raters Subject of leaders' behaviors Frequently used Actual results 3l. Oftentimes these individuals are given lower performance appraisal ratings because superiors do not want them to get promoted. Cheerleaders Results only managers I n name on Iy managers Competent managers 32. This phenomenon is becoming more prevalent as organizations move toward virtual teams or increase the number of people anyone superior may supervise. Superiors may be largely unaware or unfamiliar with a target leader's performance Superiors do not take the time to provide accurate performance appraisal ratings Superiors have difficulty dealing with conflict Superiors would rather give average ratings than deal with the emotions associated with unflattering ratings 33. An in-depth examination of a leader's behavior in a particular set of circumstances is a(n) Case study Correlational study Experiment Nomothetic study 34. A politician's advisor explains how demographic changes in the politician's district make it important for the politician to spend relatively more time in the district seeing constituents than she has needed to in the recent past. This is an example of Ingratiation An inspirational appeal A consultation A rational persuasion 35. When a minister makes an impassioned plea to members of his congregation about the good works which could be accomplished if a proposed addition to the church were built, he is Making a personal appeal Making an inspirational appeal Making a rational persuasion Using ingratiation 36. This occurs when agents ask targets to participate in planning an activity. Rational persuasion Ingratiation Consultation Personal appeal 37. A salesperson's good-natured or flattering banter with you before you make a decision about purchasing a product exemplifies Rational persuasion Consultation Personal appeal Ingratiation 38. Coalition tactics Are used when agents seek the aid of others to influence the target Occur when agents ask targets to participate in planning an activity Occur when the agent attempts to get you in a good mood before making a request Are used when agents ask another to do a favor out of friendship 39. __ occur when agents make requests based on their position or authority. Pressure tactics Legitimizing tactics Exchanges Coalition tactics 40. A judge who gives a convicted prisoner a suspended sentence but tells him to consider the suspension a "sword hanging over your head" if he breaks the law again is using Legitimizing tactics Coalition tactics Pressure tactics Rational persuasion 41. Leaders who have only coercive or legitimate power may be able to use only __ to influence followers. Coalition tactics Inspirational appeals Consultations Ingratiation 42. People typically use legitimizing or pressure tactics when They are at a disadvantage An influencer has the upper hand They expect resistance Parties are relatively equal in power 43. One of the predictions for what the __ generation might look like as its members move through their 20s is that they will develop community norms based on rules, standards and personal responsibility. Boomer Xer Nexter Veteran 44. Moral reasoning refers to The process leaders use to make decisions about values and ethics The espoused values of individuals The morality of individuals per se The process leaders use to make decisions about ethical and unethical behaviors 45. In the pre-conventional level of moral development, the criteria for moral behavior Are based primarily on self -interest Are based primarily on gaining others' approval Are based on universal, abstract principles Are based primarily on behaving conventionally 46. What do leaders with strong recognition values value the most? Achievement Fame Meeting new people Moral rules 47. Leaders with strong __ values enjoy competition, being seen as influential and drive hard to make an impact. Recognition Altruistic Power Hedonism 48. Film directors, musical conductors or marketing leaders are examples of leaders with strong Affiliation values Power values Security values Aesthetics values 49. Leaders with these values are motivated by pleasure, variety and excitement and can often be found in the entertainment, hospitality, recreation, sports, sales or travel industries. Tradition Hedonism Altruistic Affiliation 50. This is not an organizational level of leadership in the principle-centered leadership approach. Managerial Personal Cultural Interpersonal 5l. Leaders and followers who possess higher levels of this type of intelligence tend to be quick learners and have the ability to make accurate deductions, assumptions and inferences with relatively unfamiliar information. Analytic intelligence Practical intelligence Creative intelligence Social intelligence 52. Students in a school for the mentally challenged did very poorly on standardized tests yet consistently found ways to defeat the school's elaborate security system. In this situation the students possessed a relatively high level of Social intelligence Analytic intelligence Practical intelligence Creative intelligence 53. A leader who has a lot of knowledge and experience in leading a pharmaceutical research team may feel like a duck out of water when asked to lead a major fund-raising effort for a charitable institution. This example illustrates that practical intelligence Is concerned with knowledge and experience Is domain specific Is the ability to learn Is the ability to produce work that is novel 54. The ability to produce work that is both novel and useful is called Practical intelligence Social intelligence Analytic intelligence Creative intelligence 55. Most intelligence and aptitude tests are good examples of Systems thinking Convergent thinking Picture thinking Divergent thinking 56. What is traditionally viewed as creativity and are skills that help people recognize novel patterns or connections? Practical intelligence Analytic intelligence Synthetic ability Intrinsic motivation 57. What term relates to a component of creative intelligence that deals with people either preferring to modify what already exists or completely starting over with new solutions? Thinking style Environmental factors Personality factors Analytic intelligence 58. Lower prudence, higher openness to experience and higher surgency scores are related to Intrinsic motivation Personality factors Analytic intelligence Environmental factors 59. Creative people are most likely to focus on The need to meet deadlines Impressing others Making money Solving the problem at hand 60. Which of the following statements concerning 360-degree feedback systems is false? Companies that used 360-degree feedback systems had a 10.6 per cent decrease in shareholder value Most 360-degree feedback systems are designed to make comparisons between people 360-degree feedback are data based and provide good development feedback It provides insight into self-perceptions and others' perceptions of leadership skills 61. Which of the following statements about 360-degree feedback systems is true? 360-degree feedback results affect behavioral change per se 360-degree feedback are the only sources of "how" feedback for leadership practitioners 360-degree feedback should be built around an organization's competency model It is mandatory for all leaders to receive 360-degree feedback 62. Strategic differences with management and difficulty making strategic transitions are behaviors exhibited by derailed managers who Have shown inability to develop or adapt to new bosses Have shown inability to build and lead a team Have failed to meet business objectives Have problems with interpersonal relationships 63. Derailed managers exhibiting the derailment pattern that has to do with an inability to build relationships with coworkers are characterized by which of the following? Failure to staff effectively Organizational isolation Lack of hard work Difficulty making strategic transitions 64. What is cited as the most common reason for CEO failure? Making poor decisions concerning which markets to pursue Problems developing a vision or strategy for the company The inability to meet earnings projections Failure to keep promises, commitments or deadlines 65. Which of the following underlies the derailment pattern of the inability of managers to lead and build a team? The presence of dark side traits Inadequate distribution channels Poor decisions concerning which products to develop Lying about business results 66. As a difference between male-female patterns, females were more likely to derail because of Their inflexibility Their arrogance Their abrasive interpersonal style Their inability to deal with complex organizational issues 67. The insight component of the development pipeline concerned with On-the-job experiences Providing leaders accurate feedback on their strengths Acquiring new knowledge and skills Working on development goals that matter 68. Seventy to eighty percent of the action steps in a development plan should be Observation Past experience Job related Acquiring new knowledge 69. Which of the following would most likely result in consistently higher effort and performance? Goals that are both specific and difficult Goals that are very difficult to achieve "Do your best" goals Having clear goals 70. Which of the following statements about goals is false? Determining just how challenging to make goals creates a dilemma for leaders Goal commitment is critical and is often as high as commitment to goals followers helped to set Followers exerted the greatest effort when goals were accompanied by feedback Easily attainable goals result in higher levels of effort and performance 71. This occurs when leaders articulate high expectations for followers. Hawthorne effect Pygmalion effect Placebo effect Hierarchy effect 72. Leaders who have little faith in their followers' ability to accomplish a goal are rarely disappointed. This refers to Placebo effect Pygmalion effect Golem effect Hierarchy effect 73. "Motivated performance is the result of conscious choice" is a fundamental assumption of Self-efficacy Expectancy theory Equity theory Goal setting 74. In effort-to-performance expectancy, The follower must determine whether the outcome is sufficiently positive to be worth the time and effort The follower estimates the Likelihood of receiving a reward, given that she achieves the desired level of performance The follower must determine the likely outcomes, assuming that the previous two conditions have been met The follower estimates the likelihood of performing the desired behavior adequately, assuming she puts forth the required effort 75. Personal inputs refer to Skills Recognition Job satisfaction Personal growth 76. Which of the following is most important in the equity theory? The evaluation of equality of inputs or equality of outcomes The absolute value of one's own outcomes considered by itself The absolute value of one's own inputs considered by itself The relationship between the two ratios 77. Which of the following statements about the equity theory is true? If the ratios are significantly different, a follower is not motivated to take change As long as there is general equality between the two ratios, there is motivation to change The perception of inequity creates a state of tension and an inherent pressure for change Exactly what the follower will be motivated to do depends on the direction of equality 78. One's core beliefs about being able to successfully perform a given task is called A. Self-actualization B .Self-efficacy Self-esteem Self-fulfillment 79. Which of the following is an advantage of decentralized organizations? Uniform policies and procedures Minimal participation in the decision process Greater acceptance and ownership of decision outcomes Clearer coordination procedures 80. What is the disadvantage of functional organizations? Poor coordination across departments Duplication of resources Less in depth technical expertise Weak coordination across different product groupings 81. What is the advantage of a product organization design? Centralized decision making and control Efficient use of scarce resources Skill development for technical personnel It places a premium on organizational goals 82. An organization with a stable, well-established product line and the need for close coordination between functions would be best off with which type of design? Bureaucratic Functional Matrix Product 83. What is the greatest disadvantage of the matrix design? Decreased lateral communication and coordination Inefficient utilization of human resources Employees end up working for two bosses It can create scheduling nightmares 84. This represents the degree to which a leader's work group is affected by the activities of other subunits within the organization. Centralization LateraI interdependence Horizontal complexity Spatial complexity 85. This is the weakest element of situational favorability. Subordinate acceptance Leader-member relations Task structure Position power 86. The highest levels of situational favorability occur when Leader-member relations are good, the task is structured and position power is high There are high levels of leader-member conflict, the task is unstructured and the leader does not have the power to reward/punish subordinates Leader-member relations are good, the task is unstructured and position power is low There are high levels of leader-member conflict, the task is structured and the leader has the power to reward/punish subordinates 87. Which leader behaviors are marked by attention to the competing demands of treating followers equally while recognizing status differentials between the leader and the followers? Achievement-oriented leadership Directive leadership Participative leadership Supportive leadership 88. Leaders exhibiting participative leadership Are very similar to the task behaviors from SLT Are very similar to the relationship behaviors in SLT Engage in the behaviors that mark consultative and group behaviors Would be seen as both demanding and supporting in interactions with their followers 89. Internal-Iocus-of-control followers Are much more satisfied with leaders who exhibit achievement-oriented behaviors than they are with leaders who are supportive Believe outcomes are a result of their own decisions Are more satisfied with directive leader behaviors than they are with participative leader behaviors Believe they are, relatively speaking, "pawns of fate" 90. Which of the following is not a variable in the path-goal theory? Achievement Leader Behaviors Followers The Situation 9l. The __ authority system is associated with leaders thought to possess, divine or superhuman qualities. Traditional Legal-rational Charismatic Personalized 92. Transactional leadership Occurs when a person possesses authority not because of tradition, but because of the laws that govern the position occupied Serves to change the status quo by appealing to followers' values and their sense of higher purpose Occurs when the traditions of society dictate who has authority and how this authority can be used Occurs when leaders and followers are in some type of exchange relationship in order to get needs met 93. This leadership serves to change the status quo by appealing to followers' values and their sense of higher purpose. Supportive Transactional Transformational Participative 94. Which of the following statements is true? Transactional leaders are always controversial All transformational leaders are charismatic All charismatic leaders are transformational Transactional leaders are also adept at reframing issues 95. According to the research on charismatic leadership, which of the following characteristics would fall in the leader category in the L-F-S interactional framework? Crises Feelings of empowerment Rhetorical skills Task interdependence 96. According to research, the leader's vision is Consistent with current realities Usually presented in written form so subordinates can study it Often depressing (in the short run) for the subordinates who must change their view Often a collaborative effort 97. Which of the following statements about transformational leaders is true? They are inherently future-oriented Their vision is based solely on their own values They sometimes take credit for others' accomplishments They tend to be emotionally expressive 98. Charismatic leaders Use abstract and colorless rational discourse to reframe issues Make extensive use of stories to make their points Are adept at tailoring their language to particular groups Are good in engaging groups mentally and emotionally 99. Charismatic leaders tend to be Extremely smart Data-driven Emotionally expressive Fairly introverted 100. This takes place when followers do no more than abide by the policies and procedures surrounding change requests. Cooperation Compliance Commitment Malicious compliance
Solution Description

Leadership
Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)
1. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
The idea of "one-man leadership" is a contradiction in terms
Leadership is a social influence process shared among all members of a group
Followers are part of the leadership process
Leadership is restricted to the influence exerted by someone in a particular role
2. Among the following, ideal followers are more likely to be perceived as
Independent
Forward-looking
Inspiring
Innovative
3. Which of the following statements about "common sense" is false?
Effective leadership must be something more than just common sense
What seems obvious after you know the results and what you would have predicted beforehand are not the same thing
One of the challenges of understanding leadership is to know when common sense applies and when it does not
The term "common sense" implies practical knowledge about life that most people have not yet acquired
4. Which of the following statements is false?
One needs nothing more than common sense to be a good leader
Leaders need to recognize that others' views are useful
Leaders need to recognize when times change and a new direction is called for
One of the challenges of understanding leadership is to know when common sense applies and when it does not
5. Being a leader is either in one's genes or not. Which of the following statement is true?
Innate factors more than formative experiences influence leadership
Leadership is either innate or acquired, not both
Typically most individuals can be categorized based on their innate qualities as leaders and non-leaders
Each person can make the most of leadership opportunities he or she faces

6. Identify a myth associated with leadership development.
Good leadership is knowing when common sense applies and when it does not
Good leaders are born with the traits and abilities, which make them successful leaders
You can only learn leadership by observing it
Learning to be a better leader depends on the richness of one's experience and the ability and desire to learn
7. Which of the following is not a common myth about leadership development?
Good leadership is all common sense
Leaders are born, not made
Leadership can only be taught
You can only learn leadership from experience
8. The change in organizational practices can be attributed to
Appointing women to leadership positions, which is a departure from past practices
The fact that womens' attitudes have become similar to those of men
Womens' self-reports of traits such as assertiveness
Legislation prohibiting gender-based discrimination at work
9. A trend toward less stereotypically masculine characterizations of leadership is representative of the fact that
Leadership roles have changed
Women themselves have changed
Organizational practices have changed
Culture has changed
10. Encouraging innovation, growth and development and redefined tasks and responsibilities best describes a
Leader
Manager
Manager in a later stage of development
Leader-manager integrated role

11. Leaders
Tend to accept the definitions of situations presented to them
Encourage growth and development in their followers in ways broader than mere job training
Emphasize routinization and control of followers' behavior
Motivate followers more with extrinsic, even contractual consequences, both positive and negative
12. Leaders
Work hard for cooperation
Give clear direction
Give overlapping and ambiguous assignments
Focus on control and results
13. Leaders, as compared to managers, tend to assess their followers' performance
Less in terms of personal criteria
More in terms of specific criteria
Less in terms of holistic criteria
More in terms of idiosyncratic criteria
14. Leaders redefine the parameters of tasks and responsibilities, both for individual followers and for the entire group by all the following ways except
Taking a short-term perspective
Actively change the situations they are in
Through accentuating critical values
By marshaling energy to cope with some new threat
15. Which of the following statements concerning the manager's role in manager-follower-situation interactions is true?
Managers tend to reject the definitions of situations presented to them
Managers tend to assign broader rather than narrower tasks for followers to perform
Managers assess their followers' performance in terms of fairly general job descri ptions
Managers make sure followers conform to policies or procedures

16. The most commonly cited developmental challenge mentioned by managers, which while adding to personal pressure, also contributed to professional growth are
Travel requirements
The responsibility of meeting deadlines
Tasks with the possibility of success and failure
Putting in longer hours at work
17. Successful executives mention all of the following as negative feelings while describing how they feel while working through potent developmental experiences except feeling:
Uncertain
Overwhelmed
Fearful
Challenged

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