1. Identify a country to research (Do not pick the county you live in ). Give a brief statistical overview of the country you selected, including population, gross national income per capita, total expenditure on health, and the probability of dying in varying age groups.
Australians have among the highest life expectancy in the world, and most have ready access to comprehensive health care of a high standard. The primarily tax-funded health system achieves reasonably cost-effective health care and good health outcomes and generally enjoys public support.
Australia has a federal form of government with fiscal and functional responsibilities divided between the Australian Government and the six States and two Territories. Australia is a generally prosperous country with gross domestic product (GDP) per capita close to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) average. The population reached 20 million in 2004, is highly urbanized, with 66% living in cities and large towns, and is culturally diverse, since migration has been a key factor in population growth with almost one quarter of the population born overseas. The Australian population is also ageing with 12.8% now aged 65 years and over. Healy J. and Sharman E. (n.d). Australia Health System Review, pg 16.
Life expectancy is 78 years for men and 83 years for women, and the population in general enjoys good health with increasing life expectancy and a low incidence of life-threatening di