APU MGMT314/ MGMT314 WEEK 5 QUIZ (40/40) - 94522

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Question Question 1 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points ______________ were granted by the British government to allow several people to create organizations by pooling financial resources, which enabled riskier business projects to be undertaken. A.pacts B.charters C.constitutions D.doctrines E.none of the above Question 2 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Settlements in Roanoke, Jamestown and Plymouth were early examples of ________________. A.business ventures B.participant democracies C.uplifting indigineous populations D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 3 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points The ________________, chartered by King James, searched for gold and gems and led trading in furs and spices in the Roanoke Islands. A.Columbus excursions B.Jamestown settlements C.Virginia Company of London D.American Charters E.none of the above Question 4 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points _____________________ were laborers who served their masters for several years in exchange for transportation, food, clothing, lodging, and eventual freedom. A.slaves B.settlers C.indentured servants D.Pilgrims E.none of the above Question 5 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Among the reasons Pilgrims settled in Massachusetts were desires for: A.religious freedoms B.economic opportunities C.new trade routes D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 6 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points The ________________ in 1773 was a major colonial incident resulting from the East India Company’s monopolistic business practices. A.Boston Tea Party B.Plymouth settlement C.Revolutionary war D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 7 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points The Boston Tea Party was a response to which of the following British policies? A.monopolistic business practices B.attempts to limit religious freedoms C.attempts to limit the rights of indigenous people D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 8 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Which of the following early leaders was not among the authors of the Declaration of Independence? A.Thomas Jefferson B.James Madison C.Benjamin Franklin D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 9 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Which of the following rights were not included in the Bill of Rights? A.right to bear arms B.freedom of the press C.freedom from unreasonable search and seizure D.freedom to rule the colonies E.freedom of religion Question 10 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points The fundamental belief on which the Declaration of Independence was founded, grounded in philosophical notions of basic human rights, was ________________. A.the right to bear arms B.the right to own property C.government should be based on the consent of the governed D.government should pursue happiness E.none of the above Question 11 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points _____________, a Scottish philosopher, provided many of the teachings that underlie capitalist systems. A.James Madison B.Adam Smith C.John Locke D.King George III E.none of the above Question 12 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Fundamental notions behind Adam Smith’s concept of a fair economic system include which of the following? A.reason and liberty B.freedom and religious control C.selfishness and justice D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 13 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points Adam Smith argued that “wealth of nations” resulted from which of the following? A.freedom and competition B.economic self-interest C.capitalist economic systems D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 14 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points According to its definition, capitalism as an economic system is characterized by which of the following? A.mercantilist policies B.democratic policies C.freedom and competition D.religious freedom E.selfishness at all costs Question 15 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points Which of the following were not among the benefits early capitalists associated with a free and competitive market economy? A.more goods and services B.lower prices C.better-quality products D.greater labor flexibility E.higher tax revenues Question 16 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Adam Smith argued that when self-regulating moral mechanisms fail, ________________ must serve to protect the public from egregious immoral actions. A.democracy B.strong justice systems C.individual sanctions D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 17 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points Prior to capitalism, key management positions were often filled based on which of the following? A.family connections B.political connections C.wealth D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 18 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Government intervention in the marketplace, Smith reasoned, is needed under only which of the following conditions: A.when contracts are violated B.when merchants abuse their freedom by committing injustices against others C.when the pursuit of self-interest does not generate highly desired social welfare benefits D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 19 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Smith cautioned that owners who do not rely on moral sentiments when dealing with laborers could result in which of the following problems: A.an overabundance of labor, which could drive wages below subsistence levels B.excessive application of piece-rate incentives, which could increase productivity in the short term but damage the worker’s health in the long run C.excessive application of division of labor, which could increase productivity in the short term but damage the worker’s intellectual abilities in the long term D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 20 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points The period in the early 1800s marked by significant economic growth in the United States was called: A.the Revolutionary War B.the Industrial Revolution C.the Declaration of Independence D.the birth of capitalism. E.none of the above Question 21 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Ethical behavior models provide which of the following: A.rationalizations for questionable decision making B.frameworks for decision making based on rational principles C.fail-safe solutions to moral dilemmas D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 22 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Ethical dilemmas typically involve trade-offs based on _______________. A.right versus wrong B.competing values and interests C.moral versus immoral choices D.correct versus incorrect decisions E.none of the above Question 23 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points James Rest’s four-component model is a useful tool for exploring __________________. A.stages of moral development, B.ethical decision making C.moral versus immoral actions D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 24 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points The four-component model indicates that individuals are likely to behave morally if which of the following conditions are present? A.awareness of an ethical dilemma and formation of a moral judgment B.development of motivation to address the moral dilemma C.the individual is a person of high moral character D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 25 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Which step is missing in the sequence of moral behavior? Ethical belief, _________________, ethical action A.ethical intent B.ethical understanding C.ethical behavior D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 26 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points Individual characteristics that are associated with ethical beliefs, sensitivities, intentions and behaviors include which of the following? A.more education B.more work experience C.religion D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 27 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points A ____________ is a mental state that guides behaviors. A.opinion B.belief C.moral D.sensitivity E.none of the above Question 28 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Ethical _________________ refers to an individual’s awareness that a particular situation raises ethical concerns. A.opinion B.belief C.moral D.sensitivity E.none of the above Question 29 of 40 0.25/ 0.25 Points A quick insight independent of any reasoning process of right and wrong is known as: A.ethical sensitivity B.ethical judgment C.ethical intuition D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 30 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points “Gut reactions” that characterize how many ethical decisions are made typically derive from: A.moral reasoning B.personal value systems C.ethical sensitivity D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 31 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Individuals whose beliefs are consistent with a conservative political persuasion tend to focus on which of the following value sets? A.ingroup/loyalty B.authority/respect C.purity/sanctity D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 32 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Individuals whose beliefs are consistent with a liberal political persuasion tend to focus on which of the following value sets? A.ingroup/loyalty B.fairness/reciprocity C.authority/respect D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 33 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points According to Ajzen’s theory of __________________, formulating an intention to act ethically is a function of a person’s attitudes toward the behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control. A.moral development B.ethical sensitivity C.planned behavior D.moral reasoning E.none of the above Question 34 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points ________, which is likely to determine the magnitude of a person’s moral approval or disapproval, is dependent on issue-related factors, rather than individual or organizational factors. A.moral sensitivity B.moral intention C.moral intensity D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 35 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points According to theorist Tom Jones, an issue’s moral intensity is likely to vary based on which of the following factors? A.magnitude of consequences B.social consensus C.probability of effect D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 36 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points ________________ refers to the degree of social agreement that an act is good or bad. A.Social norms B.Social consensus C.Social pressure D.Social dilemmas E.none of the above Question 37 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points ______________ refers to the length of time between an act and the onset of consequences associated with the act. A.Probability of effect B.Magnitude of consequences C.Temporal immediacy D.Proximity E.none of the above Question 38 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Harmful acts concentrated in a particular area and characterized by ______________, or nearness of an act to its victims and beneficiaries, have high moral intensity. A.temporal immediacy B.concentration of effect C.proximity D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 39 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Among the organizational characteristics associated with ethical behaviors are which of the following? A.codes of ethics B.ethical climate/culture C.organization size D.all of the above E.none of the above Question 40 of 40 0.0/ 0.25 Points Ethical ______________ is determining mentally to take some action that is believed to be morally appropriate. A.behavior B.intention C.sensitivity D.action E.none of the above
Solution Description

Question

Question 1 of 40

0.25/ 0.25 Points

______________ were granted by the British government to allow several people to create organizations by pooling financial resources, which enabled riskier business projects to be undertaken.

A.pacts

B.charters

C.constitutions

D.doctrines

E.none of the above

Question 2 of 40

0.0/ 0.25 Points

Settlements in Roanoke, Jamestown and Plymouth were early examples of ________________.

A.business ventures

B.participant democracies

C.uplifting indigineous populations

D.all of the above

E.none of the above

Question 3 of 40

0.25/ 0.25 Points

The ________________, chartered by King James, searched for gold and gems and led trading in furs and spices in the Roanoke Islands.

A.Columbus excursions

B.Jamestown settlements

C.Virginia Company of London

D.American Charters

E.none of the above

Question 4 of 40

0.25/ 0.25 Points

_____________________ were laborers who served their masters for several years in exchange for transportation, food, clothing, lodging, and eventual freedom.

A.slaves

B.settlers

C.indentured servants

D.Pilgrims

E.none of the above

Question 5 of 40

0.0/ 0.25 Points

Among the reasons Pilgrims settled in Massachusetts were desires for:

A.religious freedoms

B.economic opportunities

C.new trade routes

D.all of the above

E.none of the above

Question 6 of 40

0.25/ 0.25 Points

The ________________ in 1773 was a major colonial incident resulting from the East India Company’s monopolistic business practices.

A.Boston Tea Party

B.Plymouth settlement

C.Revolutionary war

D.all of the above

E.none of the above

Question 7 of 40

0.25/ 0.25 Points

The Boston Tea Party was a response to which of the following British policies?

A.monopolistic business practices

B.attempts to limit religious freedoms

C.attempts to limit the rights of indigenous people

D.all of the above

E.none of the above

Question 8 of 40

0.0/ 0.25 Points

Which of the following early leaders was not among the authors of the Declaration of Independence?

A.Thomas Jefferson

B.James Madison

C.Benjamin Franklin

D.all of the above

E.none of the above

Question 9 of 40

0.0/ 0.25 Points

Which of the foll

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