Tutor Homework Help Online, Tutoring Online - StudentLance
Tutor Homework Help Online, Tutoring Online - StudentLance
login register
Alternate work arrangements
Solution Detail
Price: $15.00
  • From: Business,
  • Posted on: Wed 31 Jul, 2013
  • Request id: None
  • Purchased: 1 time(s)
  • Average Rating: No rating
Request Description

Various alternative work arrangements exist for use in businesses and other types of organizations; included among the options are compressed work weeks, flexible work schedules, telecommuting, and job sharing. This case focuses on alternative work arrangements in general rather than on a particular one exclusively; however, telecommuting does receive additional attention. 
The case revolves around the potential advantages and disadvantages that are associated with alternative work arrangements, and the factors that are contributing to an increased use of various alternative work arrangements by employers. With respect to the various advantages and disadvantage that are indentified in the case, the positives seem to outweigh the negatives. “Organizations that offer flexible working arrangements are, and will continue to be, employers of choice. ? Employees consistently rank flexible schedules high on their list of desired benefits; employers who are reluctant to offer these popular perks will find themselves falling short in the bidding wars for talent.” The case identifies three underlying factors that are driving the movement toward the increased utilization of alternative work arrangements in many different workplaces. These factors are: (a) the needs, desires, and expectations of workers for greater flexibility at work; (b) fuel costs and fuel consumption associated with commuting, and the related carbon footprint impact; and (c) the restrictive impact of the 2008-2009 economic recession on job opportunities.

The case concludes by pointing out that many nations have experimented successfully with various flexible work programs and some countries have enacted legislation promoting alternative work arrangements. It then poses the question: “Will the United States government and American businesses be adequately prepared to meet future economic challenges, at least in part, by embracing the movement toward increasing use of alternative work arrangements?”

CASE STUDY - Alternative Work Arrangements: Possible Solutions for a Plethora of Problems?
Alternative work arrangements, such as compressed work weeks, flexible work schedules, telecommuting, or job sharing, can have positive and negative consequences for employers and employees. In general, alternative work arrangements can generate beneficial outcomes, particularly for employers, such as “increased employee retention, loyalty and morale; higher productivity; improved recruiting of highly qualified workers; decreased employee tardiness and unscheduled absences; and maximum use of facilities and equipment.” On the employees’ side, telecommuting—one type of alternative work arrangement—has favorable effects on perceived autonomy, the resolution of work–family conflicts, job performance, job satisfaction, and the experience of stress. What is more, it does not harm perceived career prospects or the quality of workplace relationships. On the downside, however, are the challenges associated with making these programs work for both employer and employees: handling issues regarding employee training, work monitoring, and performance evaluation; maintaining lines of communication with bosses and coworkers; and changing the attitudes of managers who might be uncomfortable with anything other than traditional working arrangements.
On balance the positives seem to outweigh the negatives. “Organizations that offer flexible working arrangements are, and will continue to be, employers of choice.? Employees consistently rank flexible schedules high on their list of desired benefits; employers who are reluctant to offer these popular perks will find themselves falling short in the bidding wars for talent.”
Although alternative work arrangements can be highly beneficial for both employers and employees, we need to ask the question: “What seems to be the underlying factors that are driving the movement toward the increased utilization of alternative work arrangements in many different workplaces?” One factor reflects the needs and desires of workers. “Many people today are seeking flexibility at work. Parents ? may want more time for family. Students hope to fit employment into a busy class schedule. And some people look for work after retirement. Whatever their situation, they’re not alone in wanting a job that’s a better match for their lives.”
Younger workers and those nearing retirement age are two particular segments of the workforce that can be meaningfully targeted by employers offering various alternative work arrangements. Younger workers are entering the workforce with different expectations than previous generations of workers. Whereas their parents were work-centric, most members of Generations X and Y give priority to their personal lives; or at the very least they desire to balance their work lives and personal lives. Sharif Khan, vice-president of human resources at Microsoft Canada, says, “Gen X and Gen Y are coming into the workplace with the expectation that they’re going to be treated as individuals, [who] ? want to be able to fit their life and their work together comfortably, as opposed to focusing on work and dealing with life after the fact.”
Another important demographic group in the workforce consists of those individuals nearing retirement. “Baby Boomers are reaching retirement age. While many Boomers may choose to stretch their retirement date based on some combination of lifestyle choice and recent market developments, many are opting for less-demanding positions or reduced workloads.” “By 2020, 16 percent of the U.S. population will be age 65 and over, up from 12 percent in 1999. ? Yet leaders of many organizations ignore aging workforce issues despite the potential problems they see coming, and some damage seems likely to occur before the issues receive appropriate attention.” “[T]he size of the Baby Boomer demographic group exceeds current graduating classes, and replacing their experience will be a challenge for most firms.”
Increasingly, business and governmental organizations are adopting alternative work arrangements for economic reasons. For example, a May 2008 poll conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management indicated that 18 percent of responding organizations offered telecommuting in order to help employees with rising fuel costs. Four months later, with fuel prices continuing to soar, the percentage of organizations offering the telecommuting option had risen to 40 percent. In October 2008, when gasoline prices were peaking, Ann Bednarz, writing in Network World, reported that “[g]as shortages in the Southeast United States are prompting companies to consider expanding their telework programs so employees can conserve fuel. Other options workers are weighing include greater use of carpools and public transit, along with alternative scheduling arrangements such as four-day work weeks.”
In addition to the dramatic increase in fuel costs in the summer and autumn of 2008, concerns about global warming and long commutes have fostered interest in alternative arrangements. Moreover, two recession-related factors could lead more employees to seek out long-distance telecommuting options for at least part of their time on the job. First, the slow housing market limits people’s ability to move to new jobs. Consequently, rather than physically commuting a long distance for a new job, part-time, long-distance telecommuting could be an option. Second, the weak job market that has been caused by the recession appears to be increasing the number of commuter marriages wherein the spouses work in different cities. Here too, part-time, long-distance telecommuting might be a viable option. 
Many nations have experimented successfully with various flexible work programs; and indeed, some countries have enacted laws to make alternative work arrangements more accessible to employees. Although the United States has not enacted such legislation, the demographic and economic changes that are occurring may result in alternative work arrangements laws that “could play an important role in preparing the U.S. economy for the future.”
Will the U.S. government and American businesses be adequately prepared to meet future economic challenges, at least in part, by embracing the movement toward increasing use of alternative work arrangements?

This case was written by Michael K. McCuddy, The Louis S. and Mary L. Morgal Chair of Christian Business Ethics and Professor of Management, College of Business Administration, Valparaiso University.

Answer the following questions with concepts from the course.

  1. How can employees benefit from alternative work arrangements? How can employers benefit from alternative work arrangements?
  2. What are some of the possible negative outcomes for employers and/or employees regarding alternative work arrangements?
  3. What types of factors are influencing organizations to consider using alternative work arrangements? Explain how alternative work arrangements can address the problems/issues that are raised by these factors.
  4. Should the availability of alternative work arrangements to employees in the United States be mandated by law? Why or why not?
Solution Description

Global Warming and Climatic changes are making the entire world to

Alternative Work Arrangements 8.docx
Alternative Wor...
Online Tutors

Students (263)

  1. jumpernuojumpernuoNo Rating
  2. MuchoJunkMuchoJunkNo Rating
  3. FaitaawongFaitaawongNo Rating
  4. rharrison48rharrison48No Rating
  5. DanDan8DanDan8No Rating
  6. sdave92sdave92No Rating
  7. shahzad_CAshahzad_CANo Rating
  8. shaynicoleshaynicoleNo Rating
  9. Lance110Lance110No Rating
  10. m60gunnerm60gunnerNo Rating
  11. DavPDavPNo Rating
  12. ProbSolversProbSolversNo Rating
  13. Rabia1Rabia1No Rating
  14. Adu71Adu71No Rating
  15. RickieARickieANo Rating
  16. opt96opt96No Rating
  17. fordbriansfordbriansNo Rating
  18. eliabueliabuNo Rating
  19. AcadeExpertAcadeExpertNo Rating
  20. Jhcot7110Jhcot7110No Rating
  21. essaywizessaywizNo Rating
  22. elprinceelprinceNo Rating
  23. BossBossNo Rating
  24. EssieEssieNo Rating
  25. sillywabbitsillywabbitNo Rating
  26. AkaliEvaAkaliEvaNo Rating
  27. legacygurllegacygurlNo Rating
  29. larnett3279larnett3279No Rating
  30. BriedogBriedogNo Rating
  31. jtrace26jtrace26No Rating
  32. badn374badn374No Rating
  33. dturn13dturn13No Rating
  34. atticus1984atticus1984No Rating
  35. joshlpricejoshlpriceNo Rating
  36. trappeeezetrappeeezeNo Rating
  37. JumbotutorJumbotutorNo Rating
  38. guessguessNo Rating
  39. ganmaticganmaticNo Rating
  40. ozzy2learnozzy2learnNo Rating
  41. gworkgworkNo Rating
  42. goodjobgoodjobNo Rating
  43. amadorfjamadorfjNo Rating
  44. jmccray914jmccray914No Rating
  45. camh92480camh92480No Rating
  46. blackdoug76blackdoug76No Rating
  47. stewart4ustewart4uNo Rating
  48. kwaduoamo12kwaduoamo12No Rating
  49. MMburtonMMburtonNo Rating
  50. essay101essay101No Rating
  51. poisonkandypoisonkandyNo Rating
  52. nysbrujanysbrujaNo Rating
  53. nishu92nishu92No Rating
  54. kevclarkkevclarkNo Rating
  55. JosetteJosetteNo Rating
  56. CassieosenCassieosenNo Rating
  57. TushTushNo Rating
  58. sammy840sammy840No Rating
  59. MercyMercyNo Rating
  60. OptimizerOptimizerNo Rating
  61. mykeshiakamykeshiakaNo Rating
  62. SmartIvetSmartIvetNo Rating
  63. jennytutorjennytutorNo Rating
  64. Sweet2dnSweet2dnNo Rating
  65. saddyysaddyyNo Rating
  66. mimihuyumimihuyuNo Rating
  67. brandyw728brandyw728No Rating
  68. Brees81Brees81No Rating
  69. antbutt01antbutt01No Rating
  70. Marine6217Marine6217No Rating
  71. patra007patra007No Rating
  72. jberlusjberlusNo Rating
  73. shanntrelleshanntrelleNo Rating
  74. byers0861byers0861No Rating
  75. nyactress87nyactress87No Rating
  76. helpdeskhelpdeskNo Rating
  77. mybeamermybeamerNo Rating
  78. ObochCObochCNo Rating
  79. swanaswanaNo Rating
  80. GonsanGonsanNo Rating
  81. ogomakwachogomakwachNo Rating
  82. mukalawemukalaweNo Rating
  83. HunainHunainNo Rating
  84. labellelabelleNo Rating
  85. BAXTER01BAXTER01No Rating
  86. shine5shine5No Rating
  87. Helper_AHelper_ANo Rating
  88. macogolamacogolaNo Rating
  89. JimmyiraniJimmyiraniNo Rating
  90. CallanCallanNo Rating
  91. CS456sCS456sNo Rating
  92. WallyWallyNo Rating
  93. boricua701boricua701No Rating
  94. LVNVLVNVNo Rating
  95. tavytav23tavytav23No Rating
  96. emhoolahemhoolahNo Rating
  97. IbexStudyIbexStudyNo Rating
  98. blujeansifyblujeansifyNo Rating
  99. ProfjoeProfjoeNo Rating
  100. awesomenessawesomenessNo Rating
  101. EngmercieEngmercieNo Rating
  102. av8tor58dav8tor58dNo Rating
  103. rababaawadarababaawadaNo Rating
  104. UniqueScoreUniqueScoreNo Rating
  105. buddhabuddhaNo Rating
  106. Monster25Monster25No Rating
  107. paderez112paderez112No Rating
  108. butterfly81butterfly81No Rating
  109. breezely387breezely387No Rating
  110. hoover56hoover56No Rating
  111. wildfillywildfillyNo Rating
  112. daren2kdaren2kNo Rating
  113. jaybraun1jaybraun1No Rating
  114. TWTW37TWTW37No Rating
  115. lenabug83lenabug83No Rating
  116. Cafe85Cafe85No Rating
  117. yelle2014yelle2014No Rating
  118. alexyalexyNo Rating
  119. Indigo12Indigo12No Rating
  120. samthomas15samthomas15No Rating
  121. kimokimoNo Rating
  122. motexasmotexasNo Rating
  123. Cero1975Cero1975No Rating
  124. porchia21porchia21No Rating
  125. winhouserwinhouserNo Rating
  126. GradstudentGradstudentNo Rating
  127. nanayuminanayumiNo Rating
  128. FinExpertFinExpertNo Rating
  129. MrsBody34MrsBody34No Rating
  130. Haris1Haris1No Rating
  131. DELASOUL01DELASOUL01No Rating
  132. scribdscribdNo Rating
  133. sdtom619sdtom619No Rating
  134. ProAnswerProAnswerNo Rating
  135. Greyza123Greyza123No Rating
  136. iyah11iyah11No Rating
  137. Sana_NaeemSana_NaeemNo Rating
  138. college1college1No Rating
  139. rcain11rcain11No Rating
  140. clouds13clouds13No Rating
  141. ravan0ravan0No Rating
  142. brainyprofbrainyprofNo Rating
  143. AndreaAndreaNo Rating
  144. tones4lifetones4lifeNo Rating
  145. KinyariKinyariNo Rating
  146. TheSeemabTutorTheSeemabTutorNo Rating
  147. Linning0801Linning0801No Rating
  148. lilbit33lilbit33No Rating
  149. msmangomsmangoNo Rating
  150. melcopern52melcopern52No Rating
  151. amoittamoittNo Rating
  152. elena11elena11No Rating
  153. murathimimurathimiNo Rating
  154. minatiminatiNo Rating
  155. freadyfreadyNo Rating
  156. miniqueminiqueNo Rating
  157. traceyrn08traceyrn08No Rating
  158. koolone2koolone2No Rating
  159. licserverlicserverNo Rating
  160. amit123amit123No Rating
  161. jdjenkjdjenkNo Rating
  162. rapunzelrapunzelNo Rating
  163. pramagos1pramagos1No Rating
  164. jess1229jess1229No Rating
  165. elmamctillerelmamctillerNo Rating
  166. deedee123deedee123No Rating
  167. Buck21Buck21No Rating
  168. amw98xamw98xNo Rating
  169. gospel36gospel36No Rating
  170. youngangstayoungangstaNo Rating
  171. nenadlcnenadlcNo Rating
  172. denniskardenniskarNo Rating
  173. divakardivakarNo Rating
  174. Chugh1004Chugh1004No Rating
  175. sarahf2525sarahf2525No Rating
  176. KarmicKarmicNo Rating
  177. atsher5616atsher5616No Rating
  178. barbiesgirlbarbiesgirlNo Rating
  179. gaithogaithoNo Rating
  180. wickedkoldwickedkoldNo Rating
  181. jcoffey73jcoffey73No Rating
  182. pichonlisapichonlisaNo Rating
  183. moraramoraraNo Rating
  184. bebegreenbebegreenNo Rating
  185. kenmirasikenmirasiNo Rating
  186. fancifanciNo Rating
  187. deeThomasdeeThomasNo Rating
  188. ricoman1228ricoman1228No Rating
  189. clagerclagerNo Rating
  190. WC061853WC061853No Rating
  191. marina1211marina1211No Rating
  192. 1ghyde1ghydeNo Rating
  193. namb2009namb2009No Rating
  194. 33asmith33asmithNo Rating
  195. lgarc23lgarc23No Rating
  196. proficientproficientNo Rating
  197. Prof_BryceProf_BryceNo Rating
  198. denahortondenahortonNo Rating
  199. EconomistEconomistNo Rating
  200. mel895mel895No Rating
  201. jacky2015jacky2015No Rating
  202. MathXpertMathXpertNo Rating
  203. Sid_DickenSid_DickenNo Rating
  204. kikabkikabNo Rating
  205. mokelocmokelocNo Rating
  206. joanne2365joanne2365No Rating
  207. HarvardHarvardNo Rating
  208. danielleddanielledNo Rating
  209. jdg6911jdg6911No Rating
  210. krgavaghankrgavaghanNo Rating
  211. zidlos804zidlos804No Rating
  212. nikonynnikonynNo Rating
  213. ccrouseccrouseNo Rating
  214. tbianchinitbianchiniNo Rating
  215. Expert101Expert101No Rating
  216. BretshoeBretshoeNo Rating
  217. makomakoNo Rating
  218. lilcruz05lilcruz05No Rating
  219. teapotteapotNo Rating
  220. PesterStonePesterStoneNo Rating
  221. Amend19LiksAmend19LiksNo Rating
  222. kiwi22kiwi22No Rating
  223. hotfus123hotfus123No Rating
  224. aimz0531aimz0531No Rating
  225. armydog96armydog96No Rating
  226. KeyaveoneKeyaveoneNo Rating
  227. adam2296adam2296No Rating
  228. mecca99mecca99No Rating
  229. shhardenshhardenNo Rating
  230. TutorXpressTutorXpress ()A+
  231. sherrysherryNo Rating
  232. jacksonjacksonNo Rating
  233. adminadminNo Rating
  234. EymaelsEymaelsNo Rating
  235. eazyrider74eazyrider74No Rating
  236. josiejosieNo Rating
  237. daydreamerdaydreamerNo Rating
  238. asiabearasiabearNo Rating
  239. owagabowagabNo Rating
  240. luelue52luelue52No Rating
  241. profAndrewprofAndrewNo Rating
  242. prowriter15prowriter15No Rating
  243. MissyPooUSMCMissyPooUSMCNo Rating
  244. helicka2000helicka2000No Rating
  245. Johny148Johny148No Rating
  246. lostnwonderlostnwonderNo Rating
  247. CooldoggyCooldoggyNo Rating
  248. srball07srball07No Rating
  249. salvaradosilsalvaradosilNo Rating
  250. bchiesslbchiesslNo Rating
  251. worldgirlworldgirlNo Rating
  252. G123G123No Rating
  253. hinanoureenhinanoureenNo Rating
  254. HELPER_2015HELPER_2015No Rating
  255. SmartTutor1SmartTutor1No Rating
  256. drCHAIdrCHAINo Rating
  257. wiilyrafaelwiilyrafaelNo Rating
  258. souljagyrlsouljagyrlNo Rating
  259. gcox31750gcox31750No Rating
  260. essaystaressaystarNo Rating
  261. damardamarNo Rating
  262. ednaednaNo Rating
  263. lupelujan3lupelujan3No Rating