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Different schools of psychology had different approaches to the administration of psychotherapy. Despite the difference in approaches, the principle goal behind them is to foster the wellbeing of the individual. Some of the techniques that therapists can deploy include establishing experiential relationship, deploying dialogue and two way communication and attempts to change the behavior of a person, and strategies aimed at improving the mental health of the patient. The effectiveness of the psychotherapy techniques normally depends on the nature of the psychological problem at hand. The most common theories applied in psychotherapy include the Jungian, psychoanalytic, and Adler’s theories. This paper attempts to compare and contrast the Jungian, Psychoanalytic and Adler’s theories.

The Psychoanalytic theory developed from the works of Sigmund Freud, after which expanded and subsequently criticized into different schools of psychology by Sigmund Freud’s students mainly Alfred Adler and Carl Jung. Freud was the pioneer of psychoanalytic theory, whereby the treatment method based on encouraging the client to converse about memories, relevant associations, and fantasies that were interpreted basing on the Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. The psychoanalytic theory was a psychotherapy technique whose effectiveness depended on free association, interpretations of dream and an analysis of resista