Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories
Nursing as a profession has evolved through the contributions of practicing nurse theorists who have worked rigorously toward improving the way nurses approach the art and science of nursing. Through theory development, nursing models, and their conceptual frameworks, they have provided a foundation for nurses and their practice. Nursing theories have developed from the choices and assumptions about the nature of what a particular theorist believes about nursing, what the basis of nursing knowledge is, and nurses do or how they practice in the real world. Each theory carries with it a worldview, a way of seeing nursing and human events that highlights certain aspects of reality and possibly shades or ignores aspects in other areas (Ray, 1998). This paper will assess both Peplau’s Interpersonal relations model and Travel bee’s Human-to-human Relationship models, and compare their concept definition of client/person. Preceded by an overview of each theory and comparison, the paper further discusses Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations model in regard to its applicability to nursing practice.
Interpersonal Relations Model
Dr. Hildegard Peplau, a pioneer of the nursing world published the book Interpersonal Relations in Nursing in 1952, transcending the nurse-patient relationship of todays nursing practice. Peplau (1952) has defined nursing as:
“… a significant, therapeutic, interpersonal process. It functions co-operatively with other human processes that make health possible for individuals in communities…Nursing is an educative instrument, a maturing force, that aims to promote forward movement of personality in the direction of creative, constructive, productive, personal and community living” (p. 16).
In nursing, this common goal provides the incentive for the therapeutic process by which both patient and nurse respect one another as individuals, both learning, and growing as a result of their direct interaction. An individual learns when she or he selects stimuli in the environment and reacts to these stimuli. Peplau’s theory of interpersonal relationships focused nurses regardless of experience in helping t