06052900 The Field of Organizational Behavior and Human Perception - 41282

Solution Posted by
Solution Detail
Price: $4.00
  • From: Business,
  • Posted on: Wed 22 Jan, 2014
  • Request id: None
  • Purchased: 8 time(s)
  • Average Rating: (100) A+
Request Description



The Field of Organizational Behavior

and Human Perception



1.         In work organizations, which one of the following nonverbal cues is most likely to be used to convey a sentiment of hostility to another?


A. Fidgeting or scratching

B. Giving someone a steady stare

C. Breaking off eye-contact

D. Raising the eyebrows and licking one’s lips

2.         Every time Louise is being observed, she slows down her work pace. Louise’s behavior    exemplifies a problem associated with


            A. Machiavelli’s theory.

            B. supervised experimentation.

            C. the human relations approach.

D. scientific management.

3.         You’re the kind of person who feels you can change a situation at work to your own          advantage through innovation, persistence, and creativity. According to psychologist

            Julian Rotter, it’s most likely that you have a/an


            A. external locus of control.

            B. tendency to give in to group pressures.

            C. internal locus of control.

D. tendency to think in terms of extrinsic rewards.

4.         A/An _______ occurs when one person observes another person’s behavior and

            deduces or assumes the causes of it.


            A. attribution                                                    C. reaction

B. assumption                                                 D. disposition

5.         Studies of identical twins separated at birth seem to indicate that


            A. heredity influences personality.

            B. culture isn’t very significant in determining personality.

            C. the environment is the predominant determining factor of one’s personality.

            D. parents determine the personalities of their children even when the children

are adopted.




6.         As a human resources director, you would most likely use _______ to assess responses

            and attitudes in a sensitivity training seminar.


            A. the TAT                                                      C. personality inventories

B. sentence completion                                  D. personality ratings

7.         In which one of the following situations would an understanding of the principles of

            organizational behavior be most beneficial?


            A. In a job interview                                        C. In actually landing a job

B. In searching out new jobs                          D. After you get a job

8.         Frederick Taylor took it for granted that worker pay increases greater than 60 percent      would


            A. encourage maximum productivity.

            B. motivate only senior members of the workforce.

            C. actually reduce worker productivity as they would become lazy.

D. cause workers to become defiant and difficult to manage.

9.         Stereotypes are related to shortcuts in the same way that the halo effect is related to


            A. projections.                                                 C. implied associations.

B. perceptual distortion.                                  D. explicit expectations.

10.       _______ is related to blaming circumstances in the same way that the fundamental

            attribution error is related to blaming victims.


            A. The self-serving bias                                  C. Perceptual distortion

B. Selective perception                                  D. The halo effect

11.       Lawrence Kohlberg’s scheme for understanding the stages of moral development has been


A. backed by research in non-Western culture.

B. proven irrelevant for white-collar behavior.

C. refuted by research in non-Western cultures.

D. used to explain America’s declining work ethic.

12.       Which of the following statements is most accurate with regard to personality ratings?


A. They include unclear adjectives as endpoints.

B. They require direct observations of a specific behavior.

C. They’re less subjective than situational tests.

D. They’re not useful for measuring abstract concepts like competitiveness.






13.       You see one of your coworkers almost falling asleep at her desk. She’s a very popular

girl so you assume her tiredness is because of late-night parties. In fact, she’s temporarily caring for an elderly aunt who keeps her awake most nights. Your incorrect assumption about her sleepiness is an example of


A. displacement.                                             C. subliminal influences.

B. stereotypes.                                                D. selective perception.

14.       Which one of the following statements accurately reflects the evolution of approaches to

behavior analysis?


A. The contingency approach developed from scientific management.

B. The contingency and culture-quality approach replaced older approaches.

C. The culture-quality movement developed from scientific management.

D. The contingency and culture-quality approaches both developed from the human

relations movement.

15.       I want to make changes in my company that will increase worker productivity by improving overall attitudes about company values. Among the fields related to organizational behavior, I will be mainly concerned with


A. organizational theory.                                 C. organizational development.

B. human resource management.                 D. human resources theory.

16.       The phenomenon in which workers respond to changes in a work setting with improved

performance simply because they know they’re being observed is called the


A. contingency approach.                              C. culture-quality movement.

B. human relations approach.                        D. Hawthorne effect.

17.       You take the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and discover that you’re an INFP type who cares about learning, ideas, and independent projects. From this analysis you understand that the test also categorizes you as a/an


A. extrovert.                                                    C. thinking person.

B. judging person.                                           D. intuitive type.

18.       You’re attempting to read Judy’s facial expression to decide if her apparent pleasure with your design project is genuine or manufactured. You think she’s being genuine because you perceive


A. crinkles around the eyes along with a quick, sunny smile.

B. a delayed response in smiling.

C. a fleeting, brief frown before the smile blossoms.

D. an abrupt rise in the pitch of her voice as she smiles.






19.       You’re thinking about buying a new pair of shoes and find yourself noticing the different

kinds of shoes people are wearing. This change in the focus of what you notice or look

at is an example of _______ perception.


A. person                                                        C. selective

B. projection                                                    D. Thematic

20.       Probably the most compelling evidence that exposure to social and behavioral conditions shapes people’s personalities comes from


A. identical twin studies.

B. comparative studies of heredity and environment.

C. cross-cultural studies.


D. the flexibility of personality traits.

Solution Description

1.         In work organizations, which one of the following nonverbal cues is most likely to be used to convey a sentiment of hostility to another?


A. Fidgeting or scratching

B. Giving someone a steady stare

06052900 The Field of Organizational Behavior and Human Perception.docx
06052900 The Fi...