05040200 Evolution and the Diversity of Life Penn Foster - 41274

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Evolution and the Diversity of Life


1.       Which of the following is inaccurate in relation to viruses?


            A. They have nucleic acid core.

            B. They feature a capsid.

            C. They seek out a specific host.

            D. They reproduce independently.

2.       Which structure develops into a pollen grain?


            A. Microspore                              C. Megaspore

            B. Anther                                    D. Archegonium

3.       According to the theory of evolution, birds’ feathers evolved from


            A. fish fins.                                 C. reptile scales.

            B. gill slits.                                  D. gill arches.

4.       What type of skeleton helps an earthworm to move?


            A. Exoskeleton                             C. Bony endoskeleton

            B. Hydrostatic skeleton                  D. Spiny plates

5.       Organisms that can interbreed and bear fertile offspring are considered to be in

          the same


            A. order.                                    C. class.

            B. family.                                    D. species.

6.       Most fungi are


            A. saprotrophic.                           C. producers.

            B. plant parasites.                        D. unicellular.

7.       _______ is/are the raw material of evolutionary change.


            A. Genetic drift                            C. Nonrandom mating

            B. Mutations                                D. Assortative mating

8.       The term molting refers to the


            A. circulating of blood through a closed system.

            B. movement with jointed appendages.

            C. shedding of exoskeletons.

            D. process of sexual reproduction.

9.       What is the function of a nematocyst?


            A. Prey capture                            C. Locomotion

            B. Sensory perception                   D. Digestion

10.     In the lytic cycle, the term maturation refers to the


            A. translation of DNA.

            B. integration of cDNA.

            C. assembly of parts to produce viral particles.

            D. penetration of the host cell wall.

11.     Darwin argued that the beak size and shape of Galapagos finch species was related

          to their


            A. body size.                               C. food source.

            B. flight pattern.                          D. time of reproduction.

12.     You have a chart that illustrates a series of species with their common ancestor.

          This chart is called a/an


            A. fossil record.                           C. gene pool.

            B. cladogram.                              D. five-kingdom system.

13.     What is the function of the water vascular system in echinoderms?


            A. Excretion                                 C. Locomotion

            B. Feeding                                   D. Protection

14.     Which one of the following statements presents a condition of the Hardy-Weinberg     principle?


            A. Gene flow is present.                C. Random mating occurs.

            B. Genetic drift occurs.                  D. Mutations are present.

15.     Which of the following is an invertebrate?


            A. Lancelet                                  C. Shark

            B. Lamprey                                 D. Duck-billed platypus

16.     In evolution, the study of vertebrate forelimbs is related to _______ evidence.


            A. biogeographical                        C. biochemical

            B. anatomical                              D. fossil

17.     The distinction between protostomes and deuterostomes is based on differences in              their


            A. digestive tracts.                       C. embryological development.

            B. nervous systems.                     D. circulatory systems.



18.     Which of the following is not a form of genetic recombination in bacteria?


            A. Conjugation                             C. Transformation

            B. Transduction                            D. Binary fission

19.     Industrial melanism is an example of _______ selection.


            A. directional                               C. sexual

            B. disruptive                                D. stabilizing

20.     Acquisition of the same or similar characteristics in distantly related lines of descent

          is called


            A. evolution.                                C. evolution by natural selection.

            B. convergent evolution.                D. evolution by mutation.

21.     Darwin reasoned that if the world is very old, then


            A. taxonomy will have to give up the binomial system of nomenclature.

            B. evolution couldn’t have occurred.

            C. geological changes occur over relatively brief periods of time.

            D. there was time for evolution to occur.

22.     Which one of the following statements describes a characteristic of amoeboids?


            A. They never have a shell.            C. They have pseudopods.

            B. They always live in fresh water. D. They’re animals.

23.     Which one of the following pairs represents a correct association?


            A. Mollusc—spider                         C. Mollusc—leech

            B. Annelid—earthworm                  D. Annelid—octopus

24.     The frequency of the dark form of the peppered moth increased in industrial areas of

          England during the nineteenth century. This was because


            A. predatory birds changed their preference from the light to the dark form.

            B. the light form was more sensitive to deteriorating environmental conditions.

            C. birds couldn’t see the dark-colored moths on the trees darkened by industry.

            D. the allele for dark color is dominant to that for light color

25.     Which one of the following plants is nonvascular?


            A. Moss                                      C. Fern


            B. Cycad                                     D. Rosebush

Solution Description

1.       Which of the following is inaccurate in relation to viruses?


            A. They have nucleic acid core.

            B. They feature a capsid.

            C. They seek out a s

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