History is about change and impermanence. The 16th-18th centuries exemplify this idea. The world underwent radical change during this time period and revolutions and revolutionary ideas abounded. The world, particularly Europe, moved from feudalism; a feudal political and socio-economic structure, to nation-states.*** In the 17th and 18th centuries, Europe began to urbanize (growth of cities) and population increased exponentially. Economic patterns changed and economic presssures led to revolutionary movements in North America and France. There was also an intellectual revolution ("The Enlightenment"), an agricultural revolution, and an industrial revolution. The new economic order and growth in population reduced the importance of the old political and social order and led to the concept of global warfare as emerging nations jockeyed for position and power and fought each other for territorial empires, not just feudal manors. Please consider:
-What factors helped spread the Enlightenment? How did it go from a regional movement to an international one?
-Was the Enlightenment truly "enlightened?"
-How did the concept of warfare change? What made the Seven Years' War a global war? Where was it fought?
-Is "enlightened absolutism" or "enlightened monarchy" an oxymoron? In other words, do the words "enlightened" and "absolutism" or "monarchy" contradict each other? What do we mean by these terms?
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