SCI/220 WEEK 4 QUIZ (19 QUESTIONS) University of Phoenix - 76782

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  • From: Social Sciences, Sociology
  • Due on: Mon 30 Mar, 2015 (08:40am)
  • Asked on: Sat 28 Mar, 2015
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SCI/220 Week 4 Health and Nutrition

University of Phoenix

 

1. Which of the following individuals will face the greatest health risks due to obesity?

Jill, who has been obese since childhood
 

 

Jose, who gained weight after he got married
 

 

Theresa, who gained weight after having her second baby
 

 

David, who gained 25 pounds after he turned 50 years old
 

 

2. Which of the following is a reason that the amount of extra subcutaneous fat would be higher than the amount of visceral fat?

Being a woman
 

 

Stress
 

 

Alcohol consumption
 

 

Increasing age
 

 

3. Which of the following contribute to the energy imbalance that is prevalent in America?

Distorted portion sizes
 

 

Food availability
 

 

Fast-food meals
 

 

All of these choices contribute to the energy imbalance in America
 

 

4. Jim has a BMI of 26 kg/m2, a waist circumference of 38, and none of the health conditions associated with excess body fat. He exercises regularly and does not smoke. From what we know about Jim, what can we most likely infer?

Jim needs to gain weight.
 

 

Jim needs to lose weight.
 

 

Jim does not need to lose weight.
 

 

Jim is at risk for developing diabetes.
 

 

5. Identify the energy equation which is most accurate for the individual who is weight stable.
 

Energy intake equals total calories expended from physical activity and the thermic effect of food
 

 

Energy intake plus the calories expended for the basal metabolic rate equals the total calories expended from physical activity and the thermic effect of food
 

 

Energy intake minus calories expended from physical activity equals the thermic effect of food
 

 

Energy intake equals total calories expended from physical activity, the thermic effect of food and the basal metabolic rate
 

 

6. A high BMI is NOT associated with an increased health risk when:

The person has a small amount of muscle mass
 

 

The person does not look overweight
 

 

The person exercises regularly and eats healthy
 

 

The person does not have any chronic diseases
 

 

7. More Americans are obese today than 40 years ago because:

We are eating less and moving less
 

 

We are eating more and moving more
 

 

We are eating more and moving less
 

 

Americans are not obese
 

 

8. For most people, the majority of their total energy expenditure is from their

basal metabolism
 

 

energy intake
 

 

physical activity
 

 

thermic effect of food
 

 

9. Which of the following statements is FALSE?

Mary, a sedentary college student, must plan her food intake carefully, so it doesn’t exceed energy expenditure.
 

 

Tim, a long-distance runner, can burn more calories for physical activity than for basal metabolism.
 

 

Joe, who has a high fat diet, will burn more calories to process his food than Deb who follows a lower fat diet.
 

 

All of these statements are true.
 

 

10. Which of the following is characteristic of a healthy weight loss diet?

Eating fewer than 1200 calories daily.
 

 

Losing 5 lbs a week.
 

 

Promoting physical activity.
 

 

Limiting milk and other animal products.
 

 

11. Strength training and stretching exercises should be done:
 

every day.
 

 

once each month.
 

 

two to three days a week.
 

 

once each week.
 

 

12. Which of the following stimulates the production of red blood cells?

Caffeine
 

 

Medium-chain triglycerides
 

 

Erythropoietin
 

 

Carnitine
 

 

13. An individual who swims for longer distances in shorter amounts of time each day is improving their:

Endurance and body composition only
 

 

Flexibility and endurance only
 

 

Flexibility and strength only
 

 

Endurance, body composition and strength
 

 

14. What fuel(s) are the main energy source during short, intense bursts of exercise?

Metabolism of protein only
 

 

Metabolism of fat only
 

 

Metabolism of carbohydrate only
 

 

Carbohydrates and vitamins
 

 

15. Anaerobic metabolism uses which of the following fuels?

B vitamins
 

 

glucose
 

 

carbohydrate
 

 

fat
 

 

16. Endorphins

increase basal metabolic rate.
 

 

increase muscle mass.
 

 

reduce appetite.
 

 

reduce carbohydrate cravings.
 

 

17. The exercise recommendations to maintain a healthy body weight are _____ those recommended to reduce risk of chronic disease.
 

greater than
 

 

the same as
 

 

less than
 

 

18. Aerobic exercise is considered to be at an intensity of _____ % of maximum heart rate.

10-30%
 

 

40-70%
 

 

60-85%
 

 

90-100%
 

 

19. Which of the following combinations is recommended for an effective fitness program?

150 minutes of aerobic exercise and strength training

 

60 minutes of aerobic exercise and stretching

 

200 minutes of aerobic exercise and strength training

 

 

250 minutes of aerobic exercise and stretching

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