Write an essay in which you express and defend your views on these issues:
- Consider the rise of modern science during the 17th and 18th centuries. How did Enlightenment philosophers both defend and contribute to this cultural development? In particular, how did elements of scientific reasoning alter conceptions of the origin and limits of human knowledge?
- Explain the difference between intrinsic and instrumental goods and how modern science embodies an instrumental approach to the relationship between human beings and the natural world. Is recognition of our proper place in the context of a vast and ancient universe an essential insight? How does it affect our understanding of ourselves?
- Consider how philosophical and scientific reasoning make a difference to our daily lives. (Of course we all benefit from technological advances that came from these ways of thinking, but that is not the point here.) In what situations or circumstances of ordinary life is it appropriate to apply philosophical or scientific thinking to seek a solution, resolve a conflict, or make a decision?
- Suppose you were invited to contribute a post to a blog about philosophy, like those that appear in The New York Times's "The Stone," "What Is it Like to Be a Woman in Philosophy?" from WordPress, or Philosophy Now magazine. How would you argue for (or against) the use of philosophical reasoning in everyday life?
Assesses the influence of philosophical reasoning on the development of modern science
Analyzes the use of intrinsic and instrumental goods in human thought.
Assesses the success of using scientific reason in efforts to control the natural world.
Analyzes the role of philosophy and science in contemporary life.
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