Scholarly reference for each answer, 75 words answer per question
- What is organized crime? What are some examples of organized crime? What are the similarities among various criminal organizations? Explain your answer
- Mobsters are modern-day buccaneers, working schemes, profiting from the labors of others, exploiting the weak, picking the pockets of suckers, killing without remorse. How best to explain these behaviors: Is it psychopathic or simply the internalization of an underworld code of morality at variance with normative values?
- As you read, consider the distinctions between bureaucratic and patron-client organizations. Why are they important for understanding organized crime?
- Why does the success of organized crime enterprises depend upon the extent of public corruption?
- Why do organized crime and political & law enforcement organizations form close, symbiotic relationships?
- Is it true that much evidence suggests that crime syndicates in the United States are well organized?
- Is it not a mistake to assume that they are organized bureaucratically, in the same way as corporations or the military?
- One attribute of organized crime is that it is nonideological—it is not committed to any political philosophy or party. How has that trait helped organized crime survive in the United States throughout different periods of history?
- Much of what we think we know about organized crime we have learned from such landmark events as the Castellammarese War, the Apalachin Meeting, and the Joe Valachi testimony. Why, though, do some experts cast doubt on a great deal of this information?
- What role did political machines and Prohibition play in fostering the development of organized crime in the United States?
- How did Irish, Italian, and Jewish gangsters relate to each other in the 1920s and 1930s? What social and political variables affected the growth of organized crime in New York City and Chicago? What lessons have we learned from the experiences of Prohibition and drug control in the 20th century?
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