Exam: 050251RR - Discrimination and Human Rights
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Questions 1 to 20: Select the best answer to each question. Note that a question and its answers may be split across a page break, so be sure that you have seen the entire question and all the answers before choosing an answer.
1. In the 1960s, employment opportunities for African Americans living in Northern cities A. reflected an age of interracial labor solidarity.
B. were covered by antidiscrimination clauses in the contracts of AFL affiliates.
C. still reflected prejudice in hiring and types of jobs available.
D. were better than they were in the South.
2. Economist David Card has proposed that one reason foreign workers don't push wages down is that A. they live in big cities where the economies are robust.
B. they're also consumers.
C. proportional to the overall population, their numbers are small.
D. cheap labor increases profits.
3. Regarding the employment of Hispanic laborers at Smithfield Foods, which statement is false? A. Smithfield chose to build its massive slaughterhouse in rural Georgia.
B. Alfonso Rodriguez said that Americans don't work as hard as Hispanics.
C. Smithfield preferred Hispanic workers because they were mostly anti-union.
D. While Smithfield planned to expand operations, Hispanic workers left Smithfield in droves.
4. The atmosphere at the Chef Solutions bakery rapidly turned sour and brutal when the company A. began hiring Hispanic workers.
B. was bought out by a much larger corporation.
C. installed a new manager.
D. began to turn in undocumented workers.
5. According to Gross, what is the greatest evil and greatest human rights violation from the racial superiority doctrine?
A. Tolerating treating others as if they are less than human
B. The belief that because of race, creed, or sex, that some do not have the right to pursue material well-being C. The belief that some lives are not sacred and less worthy of consideration
D. The destruction of the human spirit
6. "Chainsaw" Al Dunlap made it clear that his first loyalty was to
A. stockholders. B. consumers. C. employees. D. clients.
7. The Occupational Safety and Health Act was considered the most progressive legislation since the New Deal era. Which president signed it into law?
A. Lyndon Johnson
B. John Kennedy
C. Richard Nixon
D. George H. W. Bush
8. According to Breslin, what did men like Eduardo Gutierrez represent and why? A. A man who didn’t matter because he was an illegal alien.
B. The most invaluable part of the economy of the world because he was cheap labor.
C. The most valuable part of the economy of the world because he was cheap labor.
D. A man who was important because of his standing in the local union.
9. The process by which federal guidelines discourage investment in housing or businesses in segregated black communities is called
C. racial negation. D. D-channeling.
10. According to Gross, human resources tries to convince workers they don't need the right to free association through a union by contending that
A. employers exceed wage and safety standards set by unions.
B. human resources serves as an internal champion for workers.
C. research shows that, on average, union shops employ fewer workers.
D. unions are for immigrant and minority workers who want to take the employees' jobs.
11. The psychological methods human resources uses to influence workers' behavior are meant to A. convey management's respect for and loyalty to the workforce.
B. reward employee participation after the fact, to ensure it's repeated.
C. encourage more employees to participate in worker-management negotiations.
D. create the perception that employee participation is real, when it isn't.
12. Regarding racism and segregation in America, which of these statements is true? A. Although segregation has ended, racism continues.
B. Although racism has ended, segregation continues.
C. Unlike most Native Americans, blacks are no longer segregated into ghettos.
D. Overall, public education remains separate and unequal.
13. Plessy v. Fergusson ruled that _____.
A. separate educational facilities in the public school systems deprived children of educational opportunities B. there was no such thing as separate but equal
C. forbade mixed marriages
D. as long as facilities were equal blacks could be segregated from whites
14. The Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education affected the issue of segregation related to
15. The belief that because of race, creed, or sex, that some do not have the right to pursue material well- being
A. Core competencies
C. Performance based pay D. Drive system
16. Which one of the following is not among the human rights abuses in the United States listed by Gross? A. The denial of the right to freedom of association
B. A gap between company principles and workplace practices
C. Underfunded or absent health care and pension benefits
D. Treating workers as commodities
17. A worker who exercises the right to refuse hazardous work is most likely to find that the A. burden of providing objective proof is on the employee.
B. claim passes through regulatory agencies, sometime for years.
C. employer is fined, but the employee is disciplined.
D. situation wasn't as dangerous as she or he feared.
18. Workers are made dependent, servile, and powerless when they're denied the right to A. participation in management.
B. freedom of association.
C. legitimate overtime pay.
D. free speech in the workplace.
19. According to Gross, the failure to meet educational, emotional, and physical needs of black children in schools is a/an
A. custom. B. injustice.
C. attitude. D. misfortune.
20. Regarding the Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, which of the following statements is true?
A. One justice dissented, warning of the dangers of sanctioning a dominant race.
B. The concept of separate-but-equal was applied for the first time.
C. The concept of separate-but-equal was considered inappropriate for the state of Louisiana. D. The decision affected only private companies, not public lands or subsidized services.
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