Exam: 050249RR - Workers' Rights, Union Power, and the Free Market
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Questions 1 to 20: Select the best answer to each question. Note that a question and its answers may be split across a page break, so be sure that you have seen the entire question and all the answers before choosing an answer.
1. During the period before the Great Depression, business was associated with American life and traditional American values that included all of the following except
A. material possessions. B. community.
2. Which one of the following statements most accurately reflects Gross's view of the relationship between physical security and subsistence security?
A. Security rights aren't obligatory, but subsistence rights are.
B. Developed countries value subsistence rights over security rights. C. Subsistence rights aren't obligatory, but security rights are.
D. Subsistence rights and security rights are strikingly similar.
3. The unionization technique used by SEIU where companies agree not to mount anti-union campaigns and promise to grant union recognition as soon as a majority of workers sign cards expressing support for a particular union is known as ______?
A. unionization card movement B. card check neutrality
C. SEIU movement
D. union card adoption
4. With which of the following statements would Gross be most likely to agree? A. Common law as interpreted in Colonial America opposed indentured servitude.
B. Common law is and was judge-made law.
C. Americans rejected the "master-servant" doctrine they had escaped in England.
D. In Colonial times, skilled labor was so scarce that minimum-wages laws were passed.
5. The main issue that arose in the management-rights dispute involving the Darlington Manufacturing plant was which of the following?
A. Does management have the right to discriminate in hiring based on race? B. Can a company close a plant to avoid unionization?
C. Can a company fire all of its pro-union employees?
D. Does management have the right to discriminate in hiring based on gender?
6. Which statement most accurately reflects Gross's view of neoliberal economics? A. It describes the socio-economic order correctly.
B. It's open to subjective insights that apply to basic human rights.
C. Its prescriptions follow from reason and logic.
D. It embraces the doctrine of "homo economicus."
7. Under the 1905 Supreme Court ruling in Lochner v. New York, the concept of freedom of contract was A. elevated to the status of constitutional principle.
B. constrained under constitutional principles.
C. defined as a natural control of the free market.
D. limited to protecting worker health and safety.
8. Under the philosophy of laissez-faire free-market competition, it's taken for granted that _______ freedom is inseparable from economic freedom.
B. collective C. moral
9. Gerald Brown said that the purpose of collective bargaining is to achieve codetermination of employment terms and conditions as a means of avoiding
A. economic warfare.
B. eternal deliberation. C. officious arbitration. D. bureaucratic meddling.
10. James Gross defines _______ as personal or societal conceptions of the way things ought to be. A. beliefs
11. Overall, studies have shown that unions correspond to higher productivity for all the following reasons, except
A. employees are often better trained.
B. to control labor costs, managers find ways to encourage productivity. C. employee turnover is generally lower.
D. union membership tends to minimize factory closings.
12. The judicial standard that stated an employee couldn't sue an employer for injuries resulting from the negligence of a fellow worker was called the
A. contributory negligence principle. B. fellow servant rule.
C. employment-at-will doctrine.
D. assumption-of-risk principle.
13. Which one of the following statements best reflects Gross's view of human rights? A. They're firmly based in English common law.
B. They're inherent and universal moral rights.
C. They're imbedded in all human cultures.
D. They're imposed upon us externally by courts and government agencies.
14. According to Greenhouse, if organized labor is to be revitalized in America, it must reconnect with _______-class employees.
C. professional D. working
15. According to Gross, ______ is the source of injustice. A. consumerism
16. According to a poll reported by Greenhouse, _______ percent of nonmanagerial, nonunion workers say they would definitely or probably join a union if they could.
A. 53 B. 35 C. 18 D. 81
17. The most damaging feature of Section 8(c) of the Taft-Hartley Act to collective bargaining and workers' freedom of association was the _______ provision.
A. employee neutrality B. employer neutrality C. employee free speech D. employer free speech
18. The Taft-Hartley Act was changed to the Wagner Act in 1947 to include Section 8(C) which restored the managerial prerogatives of employers, what was the informal name for this amendment?
A. Wagner Act
B. Employee Free Speech Act C. Free Speech Act
D. Employer Free Speech Act
19. Organized business attempted to influence public education in the promotion of "business friendly" attitudes. Which of the following attitudes was not on the list?
B. Critical thinking C. Hard work
20. The message conveyed by organized business's resistance to the NLRB is best summarized by which one of the following statements?
A. Democracy works best when free enterprise is unregulated and unrestrained. B. Workplace democracy and free enterprise are fundamentally incompatible. C. Ironically, workplace democracy is feasible only under communism.
D. All human rights are negotiable.
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