CJ 101 Crimanal Justice - 76665

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  • From: Law, Criminal Justice
  • Due on: Sat 21 Mar, 2015 (01:05pm)
  • Asked on: Wed 18 Mar, 2015
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Use of Force - Reasonable and Necessary

Week 3 DQ

In determining the degree of force that is reasonable and necessary under the circumstances, officers must consider: 

  1. The severity of the crime,
  2. Are the officers placing themselves in a position to force the Use of Force when other options should be considered?
  3. Does the suspect pose an immediate threat to the safety of the officer/others?
  4. Is the suspect actively resisting arrest/attempting to evade arrest by flight and if allowed to escape, does he/she pose a serious threat to others?

Obviously a department’s use of force policy must establish guidelines officers can apply to any given situation to determine the amount of force that would be appropriate.   The policy should not be vague, being clear enough to ensure an officer can exercise sound judgment to utilize the policy in an effective manner.   Training is an essential part of the use of force.  Officers must be properly trained and understand the department’s policies on the appropriate use of force.  All use of force training must:

  1. Ensure officer safety;
  2. Gives officers the information needed to make informed (legally correct) decisions;
  3. Ensures officers use the least intrusive means/force to accomplish their lawful objectives; and
  4. Facilitates the officer’s competent rendition of the incident facts in their reports and their testimony.

Watch the two videos of force being used by on-duty police officers.

In the first video, you will see an armed suspect who is shot by officers responding on an accident call. Considering the use of force discussion we had in class, is the officer’s use of force appropriate? Did they have any other options? Why or why not? If you were in the same situation, what would you have done?

In the second video, you will see on-duty police use an unorthodox type of force to unarm and take into custody a suspect who is armed with a knife.  Again, considering the use of force discussion we had in class, is the officer’s use of force appropriate?  Do you think the officer’s lives where actually in serious danger?  Using what information you can from the video, could the officers legally used deadly force in that situation?  Did they have any other options?  Why or why not?  If you were in the same situation, what would you have done?)
 
Week 4 DQ

Attorney Ethics or The Death Penalty

Option A

Many people wonder how an attorney could act as defense counsel for certain people and question the ethics of that attorney. As an example, one might look to the attorney who defended Casey Anthony in her recent murder of her child (Florida). What do you think? Should the ethics of Casey Anthony’s attorney be questioned? What about OJ Simpson’s attorney? Should an attorney agree to defend an unpopular person who many people believe is guilty? Why do you feel the way you do? Answer the Discussion Thread, students are expected to be respectful to others.
 
Week 5 DQ
 
Sentencing
 
 

Watch the youtube video and read the short explanation of the crime in which Teresa Wilson Bean Lewis was sentenced to death in 2010.

In 2002, using sex and promises of money, Teresa Wilson Bean Lewis persuaded two men to kill her husband and stepson in a failed effort to cash-in on a $250,000 life insurance policy. The “gunmen”, Matthew Shallenberger, who was her lover, and Rodney Fuller, each were sentenced to life. The evidence led the judge to deem Lewis "the head of this snake" and he sentenced her to the death penalty.

Obviously one could discuss the use of the death penalty in this case, but the question before you IS NOT a discussion on the death penalty per say, but is actually two-fold and is this:

Was it fair Lewis got the death penalty, even though she didn’t “pull the trigger” in the murders while the actual “gunmen” “only” got life in prison?

The second part of the question is this; Lewis’ IQ was tested at about 70.  Should that make any difference with the application of the death penalty in this case or any case for that matter?  If so, at what level do you think it should impact the application of this penalty?  If not, why do you think it does not matter?  If you are totally against the death penalty, what would have been the appropriate sentence for Lewis in this case?  What about the two “gunmen”?

 

Week DQ 5 DQ

Sentencing
 
 

Watch the youtube video and read the short explanation of the crime in which Teresa Wilson Bean Lewis was sentenced to death in 2010.

In 2002, using sex and promises of money, Teresa Wilson Bean Lewis persuaded two men to kill her husband and stepson in a failed effort to cash-in on a $250,000 life insurance policy. The “gunmen”, Matthew Shallenberger, who was her lover, and Rodney Fuller, each were sentenced to life. The evidence led the judge to deem Lewis "the head of this snake" and he sentenced her to the death penalty.

Obviously one could discuss the use of the death penalty in this case, but the question before you IS NOT a discussion on the death penalty per say, but is actually two-fold and is this:

Was it fair Lewis got the death penalty, even though she didn’t “pull the trigger” in the murders while the actual “gunmen” “only” got life in prison?

The second part of the question is this; Lewis’ IQ was tested at about 70.  Should that make any difference with the application of the death penalty in this case or any case for that matter?  If so, at what level do you think it should impact the application of this penalty?  If not, why do you think it does not matter?  If you are totally against the death penalty, what would have been the appropriate sentence for Lewis in this case?  What about the two “gunmen”?

 

Week 6 DQ

Selective Incarceration

Selective Incarceration, or sentencing an offender according to the risk they pose to the community, is a strategy to reduce prison population. The concept seeks to identify the most dangerous offenders and remove them from society. Examples of the concept have been utilized in the “three strikes and you are out” statutes many states have implemented in sentencing.

What are your thoughts on this concept and why?

 

Week 7 DQ

Freedom Fighter

It has been said “one man’s terrorist in another man’s freedom fighter.” What does this mean to you? Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not?

 

Week 8 DQ

Criminal Justice Systems

Now that you have had a brief exposure to the American Criminal Justice system, what do you think of our system compared to others? What would you change if you had the power to change any part (or all) of it? Why? Finally, what do you see, or hope to see, as the future for the American, or even the World, Criminal Justice system? Reflect on how this course has opened your eyes.

 

 

 

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