Write an essay (suggested length of 2–4 pages) in which you describe the
contextual factors in the observed classroom and discuss how these factors affect
the teaching and learning process. In your essay:
1. Describe three of the following observed classroom factors: physical features,
availability of technology equipment and resources, classroom rules and
routines, grouping patterns, scheduling, and classroom arrangement.
2. Describe two student characteristics considered when designing instruction
and assessing learning (e.g., age, gender, race/ethnicity, special needs,
achievement/developmental levels, culture, language, interests, learning
styles/modalities, or skill levels).
3. Discuss student skills and prior learning that may influence the development
of each of the following three components: learning goals, instruction, and
The fourth grade classroom which was observed is comprised of 17 students with one teacher. There are nine boys and eight girls. The group of students is a mix of 14 white students, two black students and one Asian student. Seating arrangement is one group of five students and three groups of six students at individual desks. Seating was arranged to have a gender mix of learning disabled students, average students and gifted learner at each group. The scheduling for the observed school starts at 8:00 am to 3:45. Teachers arrive at 8:00 am and students arrive at 8:25 am. Instruction starts at 8:55 am and ends at 3:25 pm. Lunch for grades kindergarten through two starts at noon, for grades third through fifth lunch starts at 12:30 pm.
The blackboard area is at the back of the room as you enter the door and the teacher’s desk is located off to the right side of the board. Classr